The Evaluation of the Combination of Additives and Fungal Dyes to Produce Color for Textile Painting

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.70652

Agung Adi Nugroho(1), Suciatmih Suciatmih(2*)

(1) Research Center for Applied Microbiology, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Cibinong Science Center, Cibinong–Bogor 16911, Indonesia
(2) Research Center for Applied Microbiology, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Cibinong Science Center, Cibinong–Bogor 16911, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Fungal dyes are an eco-friendly alternative to synthetic dye. This study aims to evaluate additives to dye, using mixed fungi, to paint the picture on cloth. In the present study, the cloth was painted with mixed Aspergillus and Paecilomyces dye. The mixed fungi were grown on a mineral salt glucose medium. Five tests were conducted to evaluate additives to dye from mixed fungi that could be used to paint pictures on cloths to evaluate the effect of additives, a combination of additives producing tidy colors and other additives, the dye pH, mordant, and a variety of different mordants and the dye pH on color tidiness and hue. The additives used were alkali, acid, salts, glycerine, and urea.  The Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) color chart was used to measure the color of filtrate and range developed on the painted color on the cloth. The results showed that the mixture of vinegar or lemon as additives and the dye pH of 3 produced tidy colors. The mordant application had a more significant effect on the color that appears than pH treatment. Colors formed on images can add variations to textile painting.


Keywords


Color dye; cloth; fungal dye; pigment; painting; picture.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.70652

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