Food Preference of Bullet Tuna (Auxis rochei Risso, 1810) in Prigi Coast of Trenggalek Regency, East Java

Bella Pradita Agustina(1), Ana Ariasari(2), Tony Budi Satriyo(3), Eko Setyobudi(4*)

(1) Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Jl. Flora Gedung A-4 Bulaksumur, Sleman 55281, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(2) Marine Science Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University. Jl. W.R. Supratman, Kandang Limun, 38371, Bengkulu, Indonesia.
(3) Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Jl. Flora Gedung A-4 Bulaksumur, Sleman 55281, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(4) Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Jl. Flora Gedung A-4 Bulaksumur, Sleman 55281, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(*) Corresponding Author


As a commercial fish, bullet tuna is constantly caught in purse seine fisheries to provide economic benefits for coastal communities. Biological information such as food preference has to be known due to their sustainability in the future. This research aims to figure out the food composition and preference of bullet tuna (Auxis rochei Risso, 1810) in Prigi Coast, Trenggalek Regency East Java. A total of 294 fish landed by purse seine fishermen have been collected from March up to May 2018. Each individual was measured in its total length and weight, then was dissected for sex determination,  measured the length of intestine, and analyse the stomach content. The data analysis encompasses frequency distribution of total length, relative gut length, frequency of occurrence, index of preponderance, trophic level, niche breadth, and food overlapping. The research result indicates that the main foods of Auxis rochei are fish and crustacean, while the complementary and additional foods were copepod, mollusc, annelid, and debris. Bullet tuna was a carnivorous fish with the trophic level of 3.7 and shows the existence of competition for food resources. Overlapping of feeding occurred in the 19-20 cm long group against the 23-24 cm long group in male fish and the 19-20 cm size group against the 21-22 cm length group in female fish. Bullet tuna use the same feed resources among the size groups of fish, where females use feed over a wider area than males.



food preference; bullet tuna; trophic level; niche breadth; food overlapping

Full Text:



Agustina, M. & Rachman, F., 2019. Population Parameter of mackerel (Auxis rochei Risso, 1810) at Prigi and surrounding waters. Proceedings: XVI Annual National Seminar on Fisheries and Marine Research Results, Department of Fisheries Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta.

Anakotta, A.R.F., 2002. Study of food habits of fish caught around the mangrove ecosystem of Oesapa Beach and Oebelo Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Ariasari, A., Helmiati, S. & Setyobudi, E., 2018. Food Preference of Red Devil (Amphilophus labiatus) in Sermo Reservoir, Kulonprogo Regency. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 139, 012018. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/139/1/012018

Baeck, G.W. et al., 2014. Diet Composition of Bullet Mackarel, Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810) in the Coastal Waters of Iloilo Philippines. Korean Journal of Ichthyology, 26(4), pp.349-354.

Berg, J., 1979. Discussion of Methods of Investigating The Food of Fishes, with Reference to a Preliminary Study of the Prey of Gobiusculus flavescens (Gobiidae). Marine Biology, 50, pp.263-273.

Biswas, S.P., 1993. Manual Methods in Fish Biology, New Delhi: South Asian Publisher.

Collette, B. et al., 2011. Auxis rochei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, e.T170355A6765188. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T170355A6765188.en

Effendie, M. I., 2002. Biologi Perikanan, Yogyakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama.

Elliot, M. & Hemingway, K., 2002. Fishes in Estuaries. Blackwell Science, USA.

Fatah, K. & Adjie, S., 2015. Struktur Tingkat Trofik Komunitas Ikan di Waduk Wadaslintang Kabupaten Wonosobo, Jawa Tengah. BAWAL, 7(3), pp.155-163.

Fishbase., 1993. Auxis rochei, Bullet Tuna, viewed 2 September 2018, from

Hajjej, G., Missaoui, H. & Jarboui, O., 2018. Premilinary Stomach Contents Analysis of Bullet Tuna Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810) in Tunisian Waters. Colletc. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 75(1), pp.86-94.

Herath, D.R., Perera, H.A.C.C., & Hettiarachchi, G.H.C.M., 2019. Some biological aspects and molecular variations in frigate tuna Auxis thazard of the coastal waters around Sri Lanka. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 47(3), pp.333-340. doi: 10.4038/jnsfsr.v47i3.9427.

IOTC., 2017. ‘Bullet Tuna: Supporting Information’, in Indian Ocean Tuna Commission, viewed 31 Agustus 2020, from

IOTC-WPNT09., 2019. Report of The 9th Session of The IOTC Working Party on Neritic Tunas. Mahe, Seychelles, 1-5 July 2019. IOTC–2019–WPNT09–R[E], pp.1-80

Jasmine, S. et al., 2013. Biology and Fishery of The Bullet Tuna, Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810) in Indiana Waters. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 60(2), pp.13-20.

Kantun, W., Cahyono, I. & Arsana, W.S., 2019. Biological aspect of bullet tuna Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810) in The Makassar Strait, West Sulawesi, Indonesia. Croatian Journal of Fisheries, 77, pp.118-125. doi: 10.2478/cjf-2019-0013.

Kumaran, M., 1964. Studies on the food of Euthynnus affinis affinis (Cantor), Auxis thazard (Lacépède), Auxis thynnoides (Bleeker) and Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel). Proceedings of the Symposium on Scombroid Fishes. Part II. Marine Biological Association of India, pp.599–606.

Mariyasingarayan, Y. et al., 2018. Length-weight relationship and diet composition of frigate tuna (Auxiz thazard) from Parangipettai Souteast coast of India. International Journal of Science Inventions Today, 7(1), pp.009-016.

MOMAF., 2018. 5th Annual Time Series Statistics Report, Directorate General of Capture Fisheries, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia.

Morote, E. et al., 2008. Trophic Ecology of Bullet Tuna Auxis rochei Larvae and Ontogeny of Feeding-related Organs. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 353, pp.243-254. doi: 10.3354/meps07206.

Mostarda, E. et al., 2007. Feeding habits of the bullet tuna Auxis rochei in The Southern Tyrrhenian Sea. Journal of The Marine Biological Association of United Kingdom, 87(4), 1007-1012. doi: 10.1017/S0025315407055440.

Noegroho, T., Hidayat, T. & Amri, K., 2013. Some Biological Aspects of Frigate Tuna (Auxis thazard), Bullet Tuna (Auxis rochei), and Kawakawa (Euthynnus affinis) in West Coasts Sumatera IFMA 572, Eastern Indian Ocean. IOTC-2013-WPNT03-19.

Noegroho, T. & Chodrijah, U., 2015. Population parameters and recruitment patterns of tuna tuna (Auxis rochei Risso, 1810) in the waters of West of Sumatera. BAWAL, 3(7), pp.129-136. doi: 10.15578/bawal.7.3.2015.129-136.

Pillai, N.G. & Satheeshkumar, P., 2012. Biology, fishery, conservation and management of Indian Ocean tuna fisheries. Ocean Science Journal, 47(4), pp.411-433. doi: 10.1007/s12601-012-0038-y.

Plandri, G. et al., 2009. Biological parameters of bullet tuna in the Ligurian Sea. Collective Volumes of Scientific Papers ICCAT, 64(7), pp.2272-2279.

Prigi Fishing Port., 2022. ‘Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara Prigi Banjir Tongkol Lisong’, in Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara Prigi: Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Tangkap, viewed 25 October 2022, from

Uchida, R.N., 1981. NOAA Technical Report NMFS Circular 436: Synopsis of Biological Data on Frigate Tuna, Auxis thazard, and Bullet Tuna, A. rochei, FAO Fisheries.

Widodo, A.A., Satria, F. & Sadiyah, L., 2014. Status Pemanfaatan dan Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Ikan Tuna Neritik di Samudera Hindia WPP 572 dan 573. J. Kebijak. Perikan. Ind., 6(1), pp.23-28.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1126 | views : 250


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)