Politeness Strategies in the Bel Ami Movie


Zulfia Muftiarizqi(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


This undergraduate thesis examines a movie entitled “Bel Ami”. It focuses on the politeness strategies used in the dialogues that involve George as the main character. The objectives of this paper are to identify and classify the politeness strategies that appear and to find the most frequently performed politeness strategies by upper class characters in the movie. The analysis is based on the classification of politeness strategies by Brown and Levinson. The result of the analysis indicates that there are 61 speech acts that contain politeness strategies. The highest number of strategy that is found is positive politeness strategy comprising 28 strategies (45.90%). It is likely because the speakers and hearers have close relationships as colleagues and the dialogues are dominated by common everyday conversations. The most frequently politeness strategies performed by upper class characters is Bald on record strategy 1 that is Cases of non-minimization of the face threat with 5 (16.13%) strategies. It is possibly because as the hearer, George has less power than the speakers who belong to the upper class people.


politeness; politeness strategies; Bel Ami; upper class

Full Text:



Bel Ami. Dirs. Declan Donnellan and Nick Omerod. Perf. Robert Pattinson, et al. Red Wave, 2012. Film.

Charismawati, Arie. “Positive and Negative Politeness of Refusals in Three American Drama Movies”. Undergraduate Thesis. Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2014. Unpublished.

Cintas, Jorge Diaz, Pilar Orero and Aline Remael. Media for All: Subtitling for the Deaf, Audio Description, and Sign Language. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2007. Print.

Cutting, Joan. Pragmatic an Discourse: A Resource Book for Students. London: Routledge, 2002. Print.

Goody, Esther N. Questions and Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. Print.

Horn, Laurence R. and Gregory Ward, The Handbook of Pragmatics. Oxford: Blackwell, 2006. Print.

Iqbal, Ali. “Politeness Strategies in Requesting: A Case Study of English Department Student of FIB UGM”. Undergraduate Thesis. Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2013. Unpublished.

Nadar, FX. Pragmatik dan Penelitian Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu, 2008. Print.

Sofiehara, Inorda. “Negative Politeness Strategies of Request in the Movie The Last Song”. Undergraduate Thesis. Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2014. Unpublished.

Yule, George. Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. Print.

Internet sources:

“Bel Ami” Wikipedia. 21 July 2015. Web. 6 July 2015.

“Social Classes Paris in the Nineteenth Century”. Gallery.sjsu. n.d. Web. 19 March 2015.

Ivandrofly. “Bel-Ami”. subscene. n.d. srt. 25 March 2014. .

Russell, Tony, Allen Brizee, and Elizabeth Angeli. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 4 Apr. 2010. Web. 19 Dec 2014. < https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/>

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/lexicon.v4i2.42148

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2427 | views : 1706


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Zulfia Muftiarizqi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lexicon Office

English Department
Faculty of Cultural Sciences,
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Soegondo Building, 3rd Floor, Room 306
Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281
Telephone: +62 274 513096
Email: lexicon.fib@ugm.ac.id

ISSN: 2746-2668 (Online)

Web Analytics View Stats

Creative Commons License
LEXICON is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lexicon is indexed in


About UsSubmissionIssuePoliciesReview