Paradigma Filsafat Geografi Kontemporer: Kajian Ontologi, Epistemologi, Aksiologi, dan Keterampilan Sainstik

https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.85222

Fahrudi Ahwan Ikhsan(1*), Sugeng Utaya(2), Syamsul Bachri(3), Agus Sugiarto(4), Andri Estining Sejati(5)

(1) Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Malang,
(2) Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Malang,
(3) Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Malang,
(4) Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka,
(5) Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka,
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstrak Paradigma filsafat geografi mengalami dinamika perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan secara teori, metodelogi, dan aplikasi. Perkembangan keilmuan geografi dipengaruhi isu global, metode penelitian, statistik, komputer, internet, big data, lingkungan, manusia, dan kebijakan. Tantangan kontemporer kajian filsafat geografi harus mampu menunjukkan perkembangan ilmu geografi secara dimensi sejarah dan waktu yang terjadi sampai dengan saat ini. Artikel ini bertujuan memberikan gambaran perkembangan filsafat ilmu geografi dengan kajian ontologi, epistemologi, aksiologi, dan keterampilan sainstifik secara kontenporer. Kajian ontologi mendefinisikan geografi aspek ruang konkrit dan abstrak berdasarkan makna material fenomena geosfer. Aspek epistemologi menekankan proses metode penelitian berbasis lapangan dan online sesuai perkembangan teknologi menggunakan pendekatan deduktif atau induktif fokus pada teori maupun pengetahuan. Aspek aksiologi memberikan kebermanfaatan ilmu geografi secara online dan kehidupan manusia. Kajian filsafat geografi kontemporer menekankan penguatan konten ruang lingkup geografi berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan diaplikasikan melalui pendidikan sehingga terjadi proses hilirisasi paradigma pengetahuan. Hubungan filsafat geografi kontemporer sesuai hasil pemikiran filosofis merujuk teori dan temuan penelitian yang meningkatkan muatan esensi ilmu geografi. Penafsiran filosofis menunjukkan hakikat bidang pemikiran tentang ruang alam dan manusia. Studi perkembangan filsafat geografi kontemporer untuk menemukan pembenaran rasional secara konteks generalisasi dan sistematika faktual dengan mencermati kesenjangan pengetahuan geografi melalui proses metodelogi ilmiah. Aspek konseptual dan terminologi filsafat geografi kontemporer ditentukan tren pendekatan metodelogi ilmiah yang digunakan untuk studi geografi. Ciri khusus analisis paradigma filsafat geografi kontemporer pada saat ini hasil kombinasi harmonis landasan ilmiah dan filosofis yang konkret secara obyektif menunjukkan hubungan sains dan filsafat. Proses eksplorasi filosofis dan geografis menjadi contoh konkret berbagai riset geografi modern secara inter disiplin atau multidiplin ilmu. Pendekatan terpadu kajian analisis ruang geografi menjadi entitas dialektika metodelogi dari model tradisional menuju pendekatan integrasi menjadi identitas geografi kontemporer.




Abstract The paradigm of philosophy geography experiences the dynamics scientific development in theory, methodology and application. The scientific development geography is influenced by global issues, research methods, statistics, computers, internet, big data, environment, people, and policies. The contemporary challenge of studying philosophy geography is to be able to show development of geography in terms history and time that has occurred up to now. This article aims to provide an overview development of the philosophy geography with a contemporary study ontology, epistemology, axiology, and scientific skills. The study of ontology defines geography concrete and abstract aspects space based on the material meaning geosphere phenomena. The epistemological aspect emphasizes process field-based and online research methods according to technological developments using a deductive or inductive approach focusing on theory and knowledge. The axiological aspect provides the benefit of online geography and human life. Contemporary geographical philosophy studies emphasize the strengthening of geographic scope content based on research results and applied through education so that a knowledge paradigm downstreaming process occurs. The relationship between contemporary geographical philosophy and results of philosophical thought refer to theories and research findings that increase the essence of geographic science. Philosophical interpretation shows the nature of the field thinking about natural and human space. Study of the development contemporary geographical philosophy to find rational justification the context of factual generalizations and systematics by examining gaps in geographical knowledge through process scientific methodology. Conceptual aspects and terminology contemporary geographical philosophy determine trends in scientific methodological approaches used for study of geography. The special characteristic analysis of contemporary geographical philosophical paradigms time is the result of a harmonious combination concrete scientific and philosophical foundations that objectively shows relationship between science and philosophy. The process of philosophical and geographical exploration is a concrete example various modern geographical research in an interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary manner. An integrated approach study geographic become metodhological analysis dialectical from traditional models to contemporary geographic identity.




Keywords


filsafat; geografi kontemporer; paradigma

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.85222

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