Associations between influence of infant feeding patterns on the deciduous second molar relationship in preschool-aged children

https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.39227

Hilda Fitria Lubis(1*), Sasha Allayya Tiffany(2)

(1) Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Sumatera Utara, North Sumatra
(2) Department of Orthodontics, Universitas Sumatera Utara, North Sumatra
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life is extremely important for the development of the dentocraniofacial structure, occlusion, breathing and swallowing during childhood. The prevalence severity rate of malocclusion in children who were breastfed is lower than those who were bottle-fed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the associations of infant feeding patterns on the deciduous second molar relationship in preschool aged children (3-5 years old children) of selected preschools in and around Medan Selayang. This study used analytic cross-sectional study design as the research method. The sampling was carried out by purposive sampling technique. This study involved  130 children aged 3-5 years as the sample, who consisted of two groups, the exclusively breastfed group and the bottle-fed group with the inclusion criteria of the children having a good oral and dental health. The result is statistically analyzed using Chi Square with a significance level of p<0.05. There was a significant difference between children who were breastfed and those who were bottle-fed. Children who were breastfed mostly had mesial step (55, 4%), followed by distal step
(27.7%) and flush (16.9%), while those children who were bottle-fed mostly had distal step (46.2%), flush (33.8%), and mesial steps (20%). Based on Chi Square test, it is shown that there is a significant relationship between infant feeding patterns to primary molar relationships (p<0.001).


Keywords


breastfeeding; bottle-feeding; primary molar relationship

Full Text:

PDF


References

1. Sargod SS, Bhat SS, Abdul RS. Influence of infant feeding patterns on the deciduous second molar relationship. Arch Med Health Sci. 2016; 4: 9-12. doi: 10.4103/2321-4848.183348


2. UNICEF. Economic and social statistics on the countries of the world. http://data.unicef.org/resources/state-worlds-children-2016-statistical-tables/

 

3. Awaliyah RQ, Yunitasari E, Nastiti AA. Faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian asi eksklusif oleh ibu di ponkesdes pilang kabupaten sidoarjo. Indonesia journal of Community Health Nursing. 2014; 3(1): 57-59. doi: 10.20473/ijchn.v3i1.12210     


4. Infodatin. Situasi dan analisis ASI eksklusif. Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI: 2-4. www.depkes.go.id › download › infodatin › infodatin-asi

 

5. Valle LMLD, Singh GD, Feliciano N, Machuca MC. Associations between a history of breastfeeding, malocclusion and para functional habits in Puerto Rican children. PR Health Sci J. 2006; 25(1): 31–34.

 

6. Sum FHKMH, Zhang L, Ling HTB, Yeung CPWY, Li KY, Wong HM, Yang Y. Association of breastfeeding and three-dimensional dental arch relationships in primary dentition. BMC Oral Health. 2015;15:30. doi: 10.1186/s12903-015-0010-1.

 

7. Bahadure RN, Thosar N, Gaikwad R. Occlusal traits of deciduous dentition of preschool children of indian children. Contemp Clin Dent. 2012; 3(4): 443-447. doi: 10.4103/0976-237X.107437

 

8. Primasari A, Ria N, Sutadi H, Eyanoer PC. Effect of breastfeeding on the difference of dentocraniofacial growth among children aged 3-5 years old malay and batak ethnic. IOSR 2017; 16(6): 50-53. doi: 10.9790/0853-1606025053

 

9. Dutra ALT, Berto PM, Vieira LDS, Toledo OA. Longitudinal changes in the molar relationship from primary dentition to permanent dentition. ConScientiae Saude. 2009; 8(2): 171-176.  doi: 10.5585/conssaude.v8i2.1640

 

10. Prado BN, Magalhaes LNC, Ferreira RI, Junior HS. Study of terminal relationship of the second molars in the deciduous dentition. Revista de Odontologia da Universidade Cidade de São Paulo. 2007; 19(1): 6-12.

 

11. Babu NSV, Moureen AA. Assessment of prolonged breastfeeding and bottle-feedinging on antero-posterior relationship of dental arches in children. International Journal of Current Research. 2017; 9(5): 51307-51311.


12. Romero CC, Scavone JH, Garib DG, Ferreira CRI, Ferreira RI. Breastfeeding and non nutritive sucking patterns related to the prevalence of anterior open bite in primary dentition. J Appl Oral Sci. 2011; 19(2): 161-168. doi: 10.1590/s1678-77572011000200013

 

13. Nahas Scocate, Marinho RB, Moura PX, Alves AP. Association between infant feeding duration and terminal relationship of primary second molars. Braz J Oral Sci. 2011; 10(2): 140-145. doi: 10.20396/bjos.v10i2.8641659

 

14. Scavone-Jr H, Guimarães-Jr CH, Ferreira RI, Nahás ACR, Vellini-Ferreira F. Association between breastfeeding duration and non-nutritive sucking habits. Community Dent Health. 2008; 25(3): 161-165.

 

15. Elad D, Kozlovsky P, Blum O, Laine AF, Po MJ, Botzer E, Dollberg S, Zelicovich M, Ben Sira L. Biomechanics of milk extraction during breastfeeding. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2014; 111(14): 5230-5235. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1319798111

 

16. Ria N, Sutadi H, Primasari A, Chairani P. Association between breastfeeding and dentocraniofacial growth and development among 3-5 years old children in two ethnics group of North Sumatera. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 2016; 6(14): 17-23

 

17. Chen X, Xia B, Ge L. Effects of breast-feeding duration, bottle-feeding duration and non-nutritive sucking habits on the occlusal characteristic of primary dentition. BMC Pediatric. 2015; 15: 46-52. doi: 10.1186/s12887-015-0364-1.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.39227

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 12 | views : 12

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Currently, Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia indexed by:

         

 

 

 

 

 

 View My Stats


real
time web analytics