Perawatan Impaksi Gigi Premolar Pertama Mandibula Pada Maloklusi Angle Klas II Divisi 2 Subdivisi Dengan Teknik Be

https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.8386

Apreka Tigor Kusumasmara(1*), Wayan Ardhana(2), Christnawati Christnawati(3)

(1) Program Studi Ortodonsia Program Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Spesialis, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Bagian Ortodonsia, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Bagian Ortodonsia, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Impaksi gigi terjadi karena gigi gagal untuk erupsi secara sempurna pada posisinya akibat terhalang oleh gigi lain maupun jaringan lunak atau padat di sekitarnya. Gigi yang sering mengalami impaksi adalah gigi geraham ketiga rahang bawah, gigi kaninus rahang atas, dan gigi premolar kedua. Impaksi premolar sering terjadi karena pencabutan prematur dari gig geraham desidui. Gigi premolar pertama jarang terjadi impaksi dibandingkan premolar kedua. Tujuan laporan kasus adalah untuk memaparkan penatalaksanaan perawatan untuk mengkoreksi impaksi gigi premolar pertama mandibula menggunakan alat cekat teknik Begg tanpa prosedur bedah. Pria 21 tahun mengeluhkan gigi yang berjejal pada rahang atas dan rahang bawah. Gigi kaninus desidui kiri rahang atas dan rahang bawah belum tanggal. Diagnosis pasien adalah Maloklusi Angle Klas II  divisi 2 bimaksiler protrusif dengan hubungan skeletal klas II, gigi anterior maksila retrusif, disertai impaksi gigi premolar pertama mandibula kiri. Perawatan dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat cekat teknik Begg dan pencabutan gigi desidui, Kesimpulan, impaksi gigi premolar pertama mandibula dapat tercapai pada tahap pertama teknik Begg tanpa pendekatan tindakan bedah, tahap selanjutnya yang akan dicapai adalah tahap memperbaiki inklinasi aksial gigi.

Treatment Of Class II Division 2 Angle Malocclusion With Mandibular Premolar Tooth Impaction Using Begg Technique. Tooth impaction is a tooth that fails to erupt perfectly to its position because of the other tooth, surrounding soft or hard tissue that blocks its eruption. Premolar often fails to erupt due to a premature extraction of deciduous molar. This case study aims to illustrate the treatment of mandibular first premolar impaction using Begg technique for fixed appliance. The experiment was conducted to a 21 year-old male patient who complained about his crowding of upper and lower teeth, also the persistence of his upper and lower left deciduous canine. The case was diagnosed as class II division 2 angle malocclusion with bimaxillary protrusion with class II skeletal relation, and maxillary anterior teeth retrusion. The left mandibular of first premolar teeth was impacted. The treatment using Begg technique has helped to fix the appliance with the extraction of the deciduous teeth. From the evaluation, it can be concluded that the treatment of impacted mandibular first premolar is achieved on the first stage of Begg technique without surgical approach. The next objective of the treatment is to correct the teeth axis.

Keywords


Impacted; mandibular first premolar; persistency; deciduous teeth; Begg technique

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.8386

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