Kesehatan Gigi Mulut dan Pemanfaatan Pelayanan Kesehatan Gigi Mulut pada Ibu Hamil (Studi Pendahuluan di Wilayah Puskesmas Serpong, Tangerang Selatan)

Rani Anggraini(1*), Peter Andreas(2)

(1) Magister Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Komunitas dan Pencegahan, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Komunitas dan Pencegahan, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Oral Health and Dental Visit of Pregnant Women (Pilot Study in Serpong, South Tangerang). Pregnancy has a significant effect on oral health-related hormonal changes, diet and behavior. Pregnant women become very susceptible to gingival and periodontal disease. Oral health condition of pregnant women may adversely bring impacts such as preterm low birth weight (PLBW). The aim of this study is to gain an overview of oral health status, knowledge and use of dental care service in pregnant women. This was a descriptive study with cross sectional approach. The structured interviews involved 34 pregnant women in Puskesmas Serpong. The questions included the characteristics of the respondents, oral health care practice, problem related to oral health during pregnancy, oral health knowledge and dental health service utilization in pregnant women. Chi-squares test were conducted to examine bivariable relationships between sociodemographic, oral health status and knowledge to dental health services utilization. The results show that more than half of pregnant woman respondents (52.94%) descibed their oral health as good and 61.8% did not have any dental health problems. As many as 55.9% of the respondents had knowledge about the importance of oral dental health during pregnancy. Only about 35.5% of the respondents visited dentists in the last one year. There is a significant correlation between dental health problem and dental health knowledge of pregnant women to the use of dental health services. The conclusion from this study is that dental health problem in pregnant women affects the utilization of dental care during pregnancy and is associated with the knowledge about dental health during pregnancy.


pregnant women; dental health; knowledge of dental health; dental visit

Full Text:



Sajjan P, Pattanshetti JI, Padmini C, Nagathan VM, Sajjanar M, Siddiqui T. Oral health related awareness and practices among pregnant women in Bagalkot District, Karnataka, India. J Int Oral Health. 2015; 7(2): 1-5.

Lu HX, Xu W, Wong MC, Wei TY, Feng XP. Impact of periodontal conditions on the quality of life of pregnant women: a cross-sectional study. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2015; 13:67: 1-14.

Claas BM. Self-reported oral health and access to dental care among pregnant women in Wellington. Thesis Master of Public Health at Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand. 2009; p.15-18.

Bugrant O, Levent O, Basak F, Altun C, Acikel C. Turkish women’s self reported knowledge and behavior towards oral health during pregnancy. Med Princ Pract. 2012; 21: 318 - 22.

United Nations. Millennium development goals report 2014. New York: United Nations, 2014.

Shanthi V, Vanka A, Bhambal A, Saxena V, Saxena S, Kumar SS. Association of pregnant women periodontal status to preterm and low-birth weight babies: a systematic and evidence-based review. Dent Res J (Isfahan). 2012; 9(4): 368-80.

Zi MY, Longo PL, Bueno-Silva B, Mayer MP. Mechanisms involved in the Association between periodontitis and complications in

pregnancy. Front Public Health. 2015; 2: 290.

Mwaiswelo RO, Masalu JR. Oral health knowledge and behavior among pregnant women in Keyla District, Mabeya, Tanzania.

Tanzania dent J. 2007; 14(2): 47 – 52.

Bamanikar S, Kee KL. Knowledge, attitude and practice dental health care in pregnant women. Oman Medical J. 2013; 28(4): 2 88 –91.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Laporan riset kesehatan dasar 2013. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. 2013.

Sun W, Guo J, Li X, Zhao Y, Chen H, Wu G. The routine utilization of dental care during pregnancy in Eastern China and the key underlying factors: a Hangzhou City study. Plos One. 2014; 9(6): e98780.

Golkari A, Khosropanah H, Saadati F. Evaluation of knowledge and practice behaviours of a group of Iranian obstetricians, general practitioners, and midwives, regarding periodontal disease and its effect on the pregnancy outcome. Journal of Public Health Research. 2013; 2:e15, 88-92.

Gaszyńska E, Klepacz-Szewczyk J, Trafalska E, Garus-Pakowska A, Szatko F. Dental awareness and oral health of pregnant women

in Poland. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2015; 28(3): 603-11.

Chung LH, Gregorich SE, Armitage GC, Gonzalez-Vargas J, Adams SH. Sociodemographic disparities and behavioral factors in clinical oral health status during pregnancy. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2014 Apr; 42(2): 151-9.

George A, Johnson M, Blinkhorn A, Ajwani S, Bhole S, Yeo AE, Ellis S. The oral health status, practices and knowledge of pregnant women in south-western Sydney. Aust Dent J. 2013 Mar; 58(1): 26-33.

Marchi KS, Fisher-Owen SA, Weintraub JA, Yu Z, Braveman PA. Most pregnant women in California do not receive dental care: findings from a population-based study. Public Health Rep 2010 Nov-Dec; 125(6): 831 – 42.

Honkala S, Al-Ansari. Self-reported oral health, oral hygiene habits, and dental attendance of pregnant women in Kwait. Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 2005; 32: 809-14.

Heilbrunn-Lang AY, de Silva AM, Lang G, George A, Ridge A, Johnson M, Bhole S, Gilmour C. Midwives’ perspectives of their

ability to promote the oral health of pregnant women in Victoria, Australia. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2015; 15: 110.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 15854 | views : 47416


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Currently, Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia indexed by:







 View My Stats

time web analytics