Perawatan Kaninus Ektopik Menggunakan Teknik Begg dengan Pencabutan Premolar Kedua

https://doi.org/10.22146/mkgk.11918

Puspita Ndaru Putri(1*), Prihandini Iman(2), JCP Heryumani(3)

(1) Program Studi Ortodonsia, Program Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Spesialis Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Bagian Ortodonsia, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Bagian Ortodonsia, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Ektopik kaninus seringkali dijumpai dalam praktek bidang ortodontik. Sebagian orang yang merasa terganggu dengan keadaan ini akan datang ke dokter gigi untuk mendapatkan perawatan. Perawatan ortodontik dilakukan untuk mengoreksi gigi yang ektopik dan memperbaiki fungsi estetik. Pada perawatan kasus ektopik kaninus ini, pencabutan gigi premolar kedua dilakukan karena tidak diperlukan perubahan profil. Teknik Begg merupakan teknik ortodontik yang menggunakan gaya ringan dengan kawat busur berpenampang bulat. Kawat busur akan bergerak bebas tanpa friksi dan menghasilkan gerak tipping mahkota gigi. Tujuan dari studi kasus ini adalah untuk memaparkan perawatan kaninus ektopik dalam tahapan teknik Begg. Pasien perempuan usia 19 tahun mengeluhkan gigi depan yang gingsul dan berjejal. Hasil pemeriksaan objektif menunjukkan ektopik pada gigi 13, 23 dan 33, overbite 5 mm, crowding anterior mandibula, dan crossbite anterior pada gigi 22 dan 33. Maloklusi kelas I skeletal dengan protrusif bimaksiler dan protrusif bidental, ektopik kaninus maksila bilateral, ektopik kaninus mandibula unilateral, deep bite, crowding anterior mandibula dan crossbite anterior. Dilakukan perawatan ortodontik cekat teknik Begg multiloop dengan pencabutan 15, 25, 36 dan 46. Sembilan bulan setelah perawatan, crossbite anterior, dan gigi 13, 23 dan 33 yang ektopik telah terkoreksi. Crowding anterior mandibula telah mengalami perbaikan dan perawatan masih berlanjut hingga saat ini. Perawatan teknik Begg multiloop dengan pencabutan gigi premolar kedua merupakan alternatif perawatan untuk koreksi ektopik kaninus, jika tidak diperlukan perubahan profil wajah pasien.

 

ABSTRACT: Ectopic Canines Treatment Using Begg Technique with Second Premolar Extraction. Ectopic canines are often found in the field of orthodontic practice. People who are annoyed with this situation usually come to an orthodontist to seek for treatment. Orthodontic treatment has been performed to correct ectopic teeth and improve the function of aesthetics. In this case of ectopic canines, a second premolars tooth was extracted because profile changes are not required. Begg orthodontic technique is a technique that uses light forces by using round archwire. Archwire will move freely without friction and produce a tipping movement of dental crowns. A 19 year old female patient complained of ectopic and crowding anterior teeth. The objective examinations find ectopic of 13, 23 and 33, overbite: 5 mm, anterior mandibular crowding, and anterior crossbite of 22 and 33. Class I skeletal malocclusion, bimaxillar protrusive, bidental protrusive, bilateral ectopic canine maxilla and lateral ectopic canine mandibula, deep bite, anterior crowding and anterior crossbite. A fixed orthodontic treatment was performed by multiloop Begg technique with tooth extraction of 15, 25, 36, and 46. 9 months after treatment, anterior crossbite and ectopic 13, 23, 33 have been corrected by using multiloop Begg technique. Crowding in the lower arch has improved compared to initial condition and treatment still continues to this day. Multiloop Begg technique with second premolars extraction is an alternative treatment for ectopic canines correction if patient’s facial profile changes are not required.


Keywords


ektopik kaninus; pencabutan gigi premolar kedua; teknik Begg; multiloop; canine ectopic; second premolar tooth extraction; Begg’s technique; multiloop

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mkgk.11918

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