Hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan kesehatan gigi dan mulut: studi pada usia lanjut di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/mkgk.77112

Fitrina Rachmadanty Siregar(1*), Lisdrianto Hanindriyo(2), Elastria Widita(3), Rini Widyaningrum(4), Bambang Priyono(5), Dewi Agustina(6)

(1) Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Pencegahan dan Ilmu Kesehatan Gigi Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Pencegahan dan Ilmu Kesehatan Gigi Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Program Studi Higiene Gigi, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(4) Departemen Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(5) Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Pencegahan dan Ilmu Kesehatan Gigi Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(6) Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Mulut, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Peningkatan jumlah penduduk usia lanjut dan semakin bervariasinya jenis makanan menjadi tantangan bagi pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Aspek gizi seperti frekuensi dan jumlah asupan makanan yang memengaruhi berat badan dapat pula memengaruhi kesehatan gigi dan mulut terutama pada usia lanjut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan indeks massa tubuh (IMT) dengan kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Studi ini merupakan studi potong lintang dengan partisipan sebanyak 186 orang berusia 60-84 tahun yang terdiri dari 87 laki-laki dan 99 perempuan dilakukan pemeriksaan kesehatan gigi dan mulut yaitu jumlah gigi dalam mulut, indeks kebersihan mulut (OHI), indeks karies (DMFT), perdarahan saat probing (BOP), kedalaman poket (PPD), dan kehilangan perlekatan (CAL). Uji korelasi Pearson dilakukan pada IMT dan enam variabel pemeriksaan gigi dan mulut. Hasil uji menunjukkan terdapat hubungan antara IMT dengan jumlah gigi (r = 0,233, p < 0,05), kebersihan mulut (r = -0,384, p < 0,05), perdarahan saat probing (r = -0,249, p < 0,05), kedalaman poket ≥ 4 mm (r = 0,177, p < 0,05), dan kehilangan
perlekatan (r = -0,167, p < 0,05). Tidak terdapat hubungan antara IMT dengan status karies gigi (r = -0,137, p > 0,05).


Keywords


indeks massa tubuh; kebersihan mulut; status periodontal; usia lanjut

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mkgk.77112

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