PERGESERAN MAKNA PRIYAYI DALAM NOVEL PARA PRIYAYI KARYA UMAR KAYAM

https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.v1i1.10382

Rudi Ekasiswanto(1*)

(1) Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta Jln. Sosiohumaniora, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


"> Abstract
This study aims to determine the meaning of priyayi and its shift in Umar Kayam’s Para Priyayi. The theory
used in this study is the theory of hegemony Gramsci. The method used is descriptive and analytical methods. Descriptive
method is used to describe the social aspects of novel Para Priyayi, while analytical methods is used to analyze novel Para
Priyayi combining hegemony Gramsci. Para Priyayi containing values and meanings shift of Javanese noble. In addition,
the values infiltrated by the author; Umar Kayam as humanists, academics, writers, the Javanese, also gives hiss own view.
The emergence of multiple views, of course, establishes and leads a fight existing value of each character in the story. The
process happen allegedly contained negotiation among values. It is seen in moving process of humble class toward noble
class. The process of negotiation among characters is represented in figures Sastrodarsono and Lantip or the fights among
people in noble class their self. Such processes continue to be made to reach consensus and truth together.
Keywords: priyayi, the humble, the transformation of values, concencuss, negotiation, and hegemonic analysis



References

Daftar Pustaka

Eagleton, Terry. 2002. Marxisme dan Kritik

Sastra. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Sumbu.

Faruk. 2010. Pengantar Sosiologi Sastra: dari

Strukturalisme Genetik sampai PostModernisme. Yogyakarta: Pustaka pelajar.

Faruk dan Ashadi Siregar (ed.). 2005. Umar

Kayam Luar Dalam. Yogyakarta: Pinus.

Gramsci, Antonio. 1971. Selections from Prison

Notebook, edited and translated by

Quentin Hoare and Geoffray N Smith,

London: Lawrenceadn Wishart.

Kartodirdjo, Sartono. 1987. Perkembangan

peradaban Priyayi. Yogyakarta: Universitas

Gajah Mada Yogyakarta Press.

Kayam, Umar. 1972. Seribu Kunang-Kunang di

Manhattan. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

_____.1975. Sri Sumarah dan Bawuk. Jakarta:

Pustaka Jaya.

_____.1990. Mangan Ora Mangan Kumpul. Jakarta:

Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

_____.1995. Para Priyayi: Sebuah Novel. Jakarta:

Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

_____.1999. Jalan Menikung: Para Priyayi II.

Jakarta: Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

Koentjaraningrat. 1984. Kebudayaan Jawa. Jakarta:

Balai Pustaka.

Kuntowijoyo. 1997. Para Priyayi Sebagai Novel

Sejarah. Makalah Seminar “Seni, Budaya,

dan Ilmu Pengetahuan”. Pusat Penelitian

Kebudayaan dan Perubahan Sosial.

Universitas Gajah Mada Yogyakarta.

Nurhadi. 2004. “Iblis Tidak Pernah Mati karya

Seno Gumira Adjidarma Analisis

Hegemoni Gramsci”. Tesis. Yogyakarta:

Universitas Gadjah Mada (tidak

diterbitkan).

Patria, Nezar dan Andi Arief. 1999. Antonio

Gramsci: Negara dan Hegemoni.Yogyakarta:

Pustaka Pelajar.

Ratna, Nyoman Kuta. 2009. Teori, Metode, dan

Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta:

Pustaka Pelajar.

Salam, Aprinus (ed.). 1998. Umar Kayam dan Jaring

Semiotik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Simon, Roger. 2000. Gagasan-Gagasan Politik

Gramsci. Terjemahan Kandani dan Imam

Baehaki. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Sugiono, Muhadi. 1999. Kritik Antonio Gramsci

terhadap Pandangan Dunia Ketiga.

Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.v1i1.10382

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2845 | views : 4234

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2013 Poetika : Jurnal Ilmu Sastra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2503-4642 (online) | 2338-5383 (print)
Copyright © 2022 Poetika under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free web stats View My Stats