KONSTRUKSI RUANG KOTA POSKOLONIAL DAN RESPONS SPASIAL DALAM NOVEL THE KITE RUNNER KARYA KHALED HOSSEINI

https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.v2i1.10418

Shabrina An Adzhani(1*)

(1) Sastra Inggris, Universitas Brawijaya Jln. Veteran Malang, Jawa Timur
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


; "> In the time of war, people usually migrate from troubled places to the safe and sound cities, promising a better life.
However, the position of cities as a promising space is questionable. It is due to the close relation between city utopia and
colonial city. In fact, there are indications of colonial continuation through industrialization which ends up to domination in
many aspects; economy, social, and cultural. One of postcolonial novels written by a diaspora writer, Khaled Hosseini, takes
up a theme of migration from a city (Kabul) in a troubled country, Afghanistan, to a city (Fremont) in a more stable country,
America. Sara Upstone’s method of reading on spatial politics in postcolonial novels is used here to read how Fremont is
constructed in the novel and the spatial respond occurred. The analysis showed that Khaled Hosseini’s construction upon
Fremont is that utopia is denied from the beginning of the novel. Fremont becomes oppressive space and yet, it offers possibilities
for spatial responds such as displacement and carnivalisation to occur. These are strategies used by those who are subjected to
oppression in the city space.
Keywords: City space, postcolonial, spatial respond.



References

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McLead, John. 2000. Beginning Postcolonialism.

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Upstone, Sara. 2009. Spatial Politics in the Postcolonial

Novel. Surrey: Ashgate.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.v2i1.10418

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