Writing as Witnessing, Poetry as Agency of Aid: The Five Poems from Typhoon Yolanda Relief Anthologies

https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.v8i2.59485

Vac Ann C. Dadia(1*)

(1) University of Santo Thomas
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The strong typhoon Yolanda (international name: Haiyan), which buffeted the central Philippine region on November 2013 spurred the publication of several relief anthologies, so-called because they were primarily intended to raise funds for the disaster victims. This paper argues that as a distinct method of volunteerism, the poems that comprise the Yolanda relief anthologies are ecopoems which not only bear intrinsic ecological themes that confront an environment in crisis but also embody what Filipino poet Luisa A. Igloria describes as a "work of witness and deep engagement" in a time of climate and humanitarian crisis. In analyzing the five poems from two Yolanda relief anthologies, namely, Agam: Filipino Narratives on Uncertainty and Climate Change and Verses Typhoon Yolanda: A Storm of Filipino Poets, this paper utilizes the theories developed by the Filipino poets who are themselves contributors to these relief anthologies, specifically on how poetry is an act of witnessing and functions as an agency of symbolic aid. The findings contribute to the discourse on ethical literature and thus suggest that the existing brand of Philippine ecopoetry allows for poems that articulate empathic and hopeful agency towards climate-related disaster survivors.


Keywords


Writing as Witnessing; Poetry as Aid; Relief Anthology; Philippine Ecopoems; Typhoon Yolanda

Full Text:

PDF


References

Agam. (2017, August 2). Romulo Baquiran on Agam. https://agam.ph/2017/08/03/insights-by-romulo-baquiran/. Accessed 13 December 2017.

Arigo, Christopher. (2008). Notes Toward an Ecopoetics: Revising the Postmodern Sublime and Juliana Spahr's This Connection of Everyone With Lungs. How 2, 3(2).

Bobis, Merlinda. (2014). Ten Fingers. In Regina Abuyuan (Eds), Agam: Filipino Narratives of Uncertainty and Climate Change, (p. 40). Quezon City: ICSC.

Bulling, Sandra. (2013, December 21). Typhoon Haiyan: An Aid Worker's Diary of a Disaster. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/22/typhoon-haiyan-philippines-aid-workers-diary-of-disaster. Accessed 17 July 2017.

Chua, Rina Garcia. (2017). Introduction. In Rina Garcia Chua (Ed), Sustaining the Archipelago: An Anthology of Philippines Ecopoetry, (pp. xxv-2). Manila: UST Publishing House.

Chua, Rina Garcia, & Mendez, Em. (2015). 0-Plan Tabang: Eco-Minstrelsy as Ritual and Performance in Volunteerism after Haiyan. PSi#21 Philippines: Performance, Disaster, Resilience (Sa Tagilid na Yuta: On Tilted Earth: Performance in Archipelagic Space), November 5, University of the Philippines, Diliman, QC, Philippines.

Constantino, Renato Redentor. (2014). Introduction. In Regina Abuyuan (Ed), Agam: Filipino Narratives of Uncertainty and Climate Change, (pp. xvii-xiv). Quezon City: ICSC.

Dumdum, Simeon Jr. (2014). Ballade: Instructions to an Aid Worker. In Eileen R. Tabios (Ed), Verses Typhoon Yolanda: A Storm of Filipino Poets, (p. 45). Philippines: Meritage Press.

Francia, Luis H. (2014, December 10). Humanity as 'eye' and "I" of the storm. Inquirer. http://globalnation.inquirer.net/115330/humanity-as-the-eye-and-i-of-the-storm. Accessed 20 April 2017.

Gotera, Vince. (2014, March 21). Hay(na)ku after Haiyan. The Man with The Blue Guitar. http://vincegotera.blogspot.com/2014/03/haynaku-after-haiyan.html. Accessed 21 Feb. 2017.

Hannigan, John A. (2012). Disasters without Borders: The International Politics of Natural Disasters. Cambridge: Polity.

Igloria, Luisa A. (2014). Afterward. In Eileen R. Tabios (Ed), Verses Typhoon Yolanda: A Storm of Filipino Poets, (p. 148). Philippines: Meritage Press.

------------. (2017, January 7). Don't Look Away: Poetry and the Work of Witness. http://www.luisaigloria.com/dont-look-away-poetry-and-the-work-of-witness/. Accessed 17 January 2018.

May, Theresa J. (2007). Beyond Bambi: Toward a Dangerous Ecocriticism in Theatre Studies.Theatre Topics, 17 (2), 95-110. https://doi.org/10.1353/tt.2008.0001.

Mullen, Jethro. (2013, November 8). Super Typhoon Haiyan, One of Strongest Storms Ever, Hits Central Philippines. CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/11/07/world/ asia/philippines-typhoon-haiyan/. Accessed 15 September 2016.

New World Encyclopedia. (n.d). Disaster relief. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/ entry/Disaster_relief. Accessed 17 February 2017

Poemeleon. (2005) Luisa A. Gloria. Poemeleon: A Journal of Poetry. http://www.poemeleon.org/luisa-a-igloria/. Accessed 17 January 2018

Romero, Paolo. (2013, November 16). Eastern Samar is gone. The Philippine Star. http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2013/11/16/1257217/eastern-samar-gone. Accessed 4 July 2017.

Rowland, Antony. (2014). Poetry as Testimony: Witnessing and Memory in Twentieth-century Poems. London: Routledge.

Rueda, Roger B. (2014). To the Donors. In Eileen R. Tabios (Ed), Verses Typhoon Yolanda: A Storm of Filipino Poets, (p. 82). Philippines: Meritage Press.

Santos, Paz Verdades M. (2011). Uran, Uran, Tagantan: Mga Babala sa Pagbabago ng Klima sa Rawitdawit Bikol / Storm Signals: Climate Change on Bikol Poems. MALAYA, 24 (1), 2011, pp. 65-79.

Sipin, Melissa. (2014, June 24). Typhoon Yolanda and the Art of Call-and-Response, Review of Verses Typhoon Yolanda: A Storm of Filipino Poets, edited by Eileen R. Tabios and Outpouring: Typhoon Yolanda Relief Anthology, edited by Dean Francis Alfar. Hyphen. http://hyphenmagazine.com/blog/2014/6/26/books-typhoon-yolanda-and-art-call-and-response. Accessed 21 September 2015.

Solnit, Rebecca. (2010). A Paradise Built in Hell: The Extraordinary Communities That Arise in Disaster. London: Penguin.

Strobel, Leny Mendoza. (2014). Foreword. In Eileen R. Tabios (Ed), Verses Typhoon Yolanda: A Storm of Filipino Poets. Meritage P.

Sunico, Ramon C. (2014). Diptych, Hindi Selfie. In Regina Abuyuan (Ed), Agam: Filipino Narratives of Uncertainty and Climate Change, (p. 7). Quezon City: ICSC.

Tabios, Eileen R. (Eds). Verses Typhoon Yolanda: A Storm of Filipino Poets. Philippines: Meritage Press.

---. Introduction. In Eileen R. Tabios (Ed), Verses Typhoon Yolanda: A Storm of Filipino Poets, (pp. 15-17). Philippines: Meritage Press.

The Divine Mercy. (2018, March 13) "The Hour of Great Mercy." http://www.thedivinemercy.org/message/devotions/hour.php.

Wang, Zhuo. (2009). 'Our Common Sufferings': Reflections on the Ethical Dimensions of Contemporary Disaster Poetry. Journal of Cambridge Studies, 4 (4), 114-126.

Yuson, Krip. (2015). Islands of Words & Other Poems. Manila: UST Publishing House.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.v8i2.59485

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2002 | views : 1813

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Poetika : Jurnal Ilmu Sastra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2503-4642 (online) | 2338-5383 (print)
Copyright © 2022 Poetika under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free web stats View My Stats