Chris Manning(1*)

(1) Australian National University
(*) Corresponding Author


The results of the PJPI reject the findings of earlier researches about the concept of disguised unemployment. In the context of the carrying capacity of the natural resources of a place compared with the existing population, its relationship with poverty is no longer very strong. Srihardjo is one of the villages in the island of Java which disagrees with this concept, where by the limited supply of the agricultural land can perfectly be substituted with the labor market in the industrial sector. However, the impact of the economic structural transformation at this time has got a balance on the wage dimension in the non-agricultural sector, particularly among the industrial workers, and the workers in the informal sector. This issue has the inevitable consequence of the exploitative tendency of the employers or entrepreneurs, and lack of support for the labor unions, which places them in a weak bargaining position in efforts to have their wages raised. Chris Manning in his paper shows the impact of the economic structural transformation on the production of workers, and their level from the agricultural sector (Srihardjo) to an industrial sector (Tangerang).


buruh, upah, jawa, tangerang, sriharjo

Full Text:



Collier, W. et al. 1982. "Acceleration of Rural Development in Java", Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 18(3): 84-101.

Collier, W. et al. 1993. A new approach to rural development in Java: twenty five years of village studies, Jakarta: Unpublished paper.

Manning, Chris. 1994. "What has happened to wages in the new order?", Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 30(3): 73-114.

.............. . 1996. Labour market transformation in Indonesia: the halting steps of an East Asian Giant. Canberra: Australian.

National University. Unpublished manuscript. Penny, D. and Masri Singarimbun. 1973. Population and poverty in rural Java: some economic arithmetic from Sriharjo. Ithaca: Cornell University.

Rama, M. 1996. The consequences of doubling the minimum wage: the case of Indonesia. Washington: World Bank, unpublished paper.

Singarimbun, Masri. 1976. "Sriharjo revisited", Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 12(2): 117-25.

---------- 1993. "The opening of a village labour market: changes in employment and welfare in Sriharjo", dalam Chris Manning and J. Hardjono, eds., Indonesia assessment 1993 labour: sharing in the benefits of growth?. Canberra: Department of Political and Social Change, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University.

White, Benjamin. 1976. "Population, employment and involution in a Javanese village", Development and Change, 7, 267-90.

----------- 1979. "Political aspects of poverty, income distribution and their measurement: some examples from rural Java', Development and Change, 10(1): 91-114.

White, Benjamin, et al. 1992. "Workshops and factories: dynamics of production organisation and employment in West Java's: rural footwear industries". Paper presented at the 9th Biennial Conference of the Asian Studies Association, Julv 6-9 1992.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 894 | views : 1191


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Populasi

Copyright of Jurnal Populasi ISSN 0853-6202 (PRINT), ISSN: 2476-941X (ONLINE).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Populasi Indexed by:


analytics View My Stats