RESPONS ANAK-ANAK MIGRAN TERHADAP MIGRASI INTERNASIONAL DI PERDESAAN PONOROGO

https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.23695

Sri Purwatiningsih(1*)

(1) Center for Population and Policy Studies, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Children being left behind by their parents whose migrating are vulnerable to face social problems. Several studies noted the negative impact on migration on the children, but some positive impact on the household prosperity were gained as well. Even though it has the negative impact, international migration has an increasing tendency to become one of the efforts to boost the household economy. This article uses data from CHAMPSEA (Child Health and Migrant Parents in South East Asia) Study which underlined the importance to know the child’s condition as the impact of international migration phenomena towards the family they left behind. Study showed that children being left by migrated parents, especially fathers, gave more positive responses, but those being left by mothers or both of the parents gave more negative responses. Nevertheless, those children apparently had desire to do migration abroad just as their parents did. Apparently the surrounding of the migrants and the better economy of migrant households had in uenced the children to do migration and work abroad as well. 


Keywords


migrasi, migrasi internasional, respons anak, kesejahteraan, migration, international migration, children responses, wealth.

Full Text:

PDF


References

Antman, Fransisca M. 2012. “The Impact of Migration on Family Left Behind” dalam IZA Discussion Paper No. 6374, Februari 2012, The Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn.

Bakker, Caroline, Martina Elings-Pels dan Michele Reis. 2009. Impact of Migration on Children in the Caribbean. UNICEF Office for Barbados and Eastern Caribbean.

Badan Nasional Penempatan dan Perlindungan Tenaga Kerja Indonesia. 2012. Penempatan Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin (2006-2012). http://www. bnp2tki.go.id/statistik-penempatan/6758- penempatanberdasarkan-jenis- kelamin-2006-2012.html. Diunduh pada 10 Januari 2016.

Bryant, John. 2005. “Children of International Migrants in Indonesia, Thailand, and The Philippines: A Review of Evidence and Policies”. UNICEF, Innocenti Working Paper.

Hu, Feng. 2013. “Does migration benefit the schooling of children left behind? Evidence from rural northwest China” dalam Demographic Research Volume 29, Artikel 2, hlm. 33-70.

Hugo, Graeme. 2002. “Effects of International Migration on the Family in Indonesia” dalam Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2002.

Idrus, Nurul Ilmi. 2008. “Pandai-pandailah: Dilema dan Strategi Kehidupan Pekerja Migran Bugis di Kebun Kelapa Sawit Malaysia”. Diambil dari:http://cpps. ugm.ac.id/documents/S352_Nurul%20 Ilmi%20Idris_Dilema%20dan%20 Strategi%20Kehidupan%20Pekerja%20 Migran%20Bugis%20di%20Kebun%20Kelapa%20Sawit%20Malaysia.pdf. Diunduh pada 10 Januari 2016.

IOM. 2010. Migrasi Tenaga Kerja dari Indonesia: Gambaran Umum Migrasi Tenaga Kerja Indonesia di Beberapa Negara Tujuan di Asia dan Timur Tengah. IOM, Jakarta.

Mc. Kenzie, David dan Hillel Rapoport. 2007. “Network effects and the dynamics of migration and inequality: Theory and evidence from Mexico” dalam Journal of Development Economics, Vol 84 (2007) 1–24.

Pitoyo, Agus Joko, 2015. “Jauh Sebelum MEA, Pekerja Asal Ponorogo telah Menjelajah Dunia” Artikel disampaikan dalam Seminar: Diseminasi Hasil Studi “Migrating Out of Poverty Research Programme Consortium” diselenggarakan di PSKK UGM 3 November.

Rossi, Andrea. 2008. The Impact of Migration on Children in Developing Countries. Harvard University Kennedy School of Government.

Sukamdi, 2008. ”International Migration in Indonesia” dalam Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 17, No. 3-4, 2008

Wafirotin, Khusnotul Zulfa. 2013. “Dampak Migrasi Terhadap Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi Keluarga TKI di Kecamatan Babadan Kabupaten Ponorogo” dalam Jurnal Ekuilibrium, Volume 11, Nomor 2, Maret.

Tamtiari, Wini. 1999. “Dampak Sosial Migrasi Tenaga Kerja ke Malaysia” dalam Populasi 1999, X (2).

Wahyuni, ES. 2000. “Migrasi Wanita dan Persoalan Perawatan Anak: Sebuah Analisa Migrasi Internal di Jawa” dalam Jurnal Sosiologi Indonesia Vol. 4.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.23695

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 832 | views : 2211

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Populasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Copyright of Jurnal Populasi ISSN 0853-6202 (PRINT), ISSN: 2476-941X (ONLINE).


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Populasi Indexed by:

ROAD

web
analytics View My Stats