Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi 2022-07-19T09:56:37+07:00 Sri Junandi Open Journal Systems <p>Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi, with registered number ISSN <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1693-7740</a> (print), ISSN <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2477-0361</a> (online) is a&nbsp;<span id="result_box" class="short_text" lang="en"><span class="hps">scientific</span></span>&nbsp;multidisciplinary Journal that published by&nbsp;<a href="" target="_self">Perpustakaan&nbsp;Universitas Gadjah Mada</a> in the national level that covered many main problems in the science of library and information. The aims of Journal publication is to disseminate the conceptual thoughts and ideas or research results that have been achieved in the area of library and information. Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi&nbsp;publishes two times in a year i.e. June and December.</p> <p><strong>Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi has been accredited as a scientific journal Sinta 2 by the Ministry of Research-Technology and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia: <a title="Hasil Akreditasi Jurnal Tahun 2021" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SK No. 5162/E4/AK.04/2021 </a>valid from Volume 16 No 2 Tahun 2020 until Volume 21 Nomor 1 Tahun 2025.</strong></p> <p>Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi, particularly focuses on the main problems in the development of the sciences of libraries, document and information areas. It covers the theoretical and general aspects of libraries and information; information use and sociology of information; users, literacy and reading; libraries as physical collections; publishing and legal issues; management; industry, profession and education;&nbsp;information sources, supports, channels; information treatment for information services; technical services in libraries, archives, museum; housing technologies, and information technology and library technology.</p> <p>Please read these guidelines carefully. &nbsp;Authors who want to submit their&nbsp;manuscript to the editorial office of <em>Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi</em>&nbsp;should obey the writing guidelines. If the&nbsp;manuscript submitted is not appropriate with the guidelines or written in a different format, it will&nbsp;BE REJECTED by the editors before further reviewed. The editors will only accept the manuscripts which meet the assigned format.</p> Dinamika pendidikan vokasi pembelajaran praktikum konservasi arsip di masa pandemi 2022-06-13T15:56:53+07:00 Widiatmoko Adi Putranto Regina Dwi Shalsa Mayzana Miftakhurokhimah Febri Ardani <p><strong><em>Introduction.</em></strong><em> The COVID-19 pandemic has forced face-to-face learning activities to change </em><em>in</em><em>to distance learning. This paper discuss</em><em>es</em><em> the impact of the pandemic on the learning process </em><em>in the hands-on</em> <em>archives </em><em>conservation practic</em><em>um</em><em> at the Archives Preservation Laboratory, </em><em>Vocational School, Universitas Gadjah Mada</em><em>. This paper also analyzes several perspectives </em><em>across</em><em> memory institutions as well as the potential and challenges through the choice of methods used </em><em>to deliver the practical skills in</em> <em>distance </em><em>learning. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Method</em></strong><em>.</em> <em>Field</em><em> observations</em><em> and</em><em> interviews</em><em>’ data</em><em> were analysed using descriptive analytics approach and contrasted with findings in the literature reviews to draw conclusions.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and Discussion.</em></strong> <em>T</em><em>he dimensions of experience and tactile skills from </em><em>hands-on conservation practice</em> <em>require</em><em> specific equipment</em><em>s</em><em> and laboratory </em><em>which </em><em>cannot be fully replaced </em><em>in </em><em>online </em><em>classes</em><em>. However, the pandemic </em><em>has urged</em> <em>the </em><em>university </em><em>to </em><em>arrange</em><em> new</em><em> learning</em><em> methods </em><em>for laboratory-based practicum</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion.</em></strong> <em>Although distance learning prompts plenty opportunities, it remains a challenge to replace the face-to-face model of conservation practicum. There is a great urgency for the best model and media to ensure effective learning which addresses the limitations during a pandemic. It is recommended that universities collaborate with stakeholders and Libraries, Archives and Museums (LAM) institutions to improve the current online practicum scheme.&nbsp; </em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Bibliometric approach for innovations analysis on Disaster Risk Reduction 2022-07-19T09:56:37+07:00 Noorika Retno Widuri Nana Sulaksana Zufialdi Zakaria Rulina Rachmawati Tupan Tupan Ambar Yoganingrum <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong><em>This study demonstrates a bibliometric method for innovation analysis of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in Indonesia. The paper explores the ability of the bibliometric method, particularly co-occurrence analysis in mapping research innovation. In addition, the paper explains advantages and disadvantages of the bibliometric method. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Method. </em></strong><em>DRR journal articles published between</em> <em>2008-2020 were retrieved from the Scopus database using the keyword of “Disaster Risk Reduction” and “Indonesia”. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Analysis. </em></strong><em>Co-occurrence analysis, using keywords and authors, was conducted to show the emerging innovation and authors involved in DRR innovations development in Indonesia.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and Discussion. </em></strong><em>The results reveal that the number of DRR publications has increased over time, particularly between 2017 and 2020. Fifty innovations were identified with several innovative products became a trend, such as remote sensing, evacuation modelling, and GIS. The most prolific authors were identified with 3-5 articles produced.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion. </em></strong><em>Bibliometrics is a powerful method for analyzing emerging innovations in DRR field. Although it requires a complete dataset and computational system support, this method enables analyzing big data, identifying the types of innovations and the emerging period, and predicting future innovations.</em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Discovering the technical terms on digital learning transformation in the COVID-19 era 2022-06-13T15:56:51+07:00 Abdurrakhman Prasetyadi D.W. Ari Nugroho Aria Bisri Fitria Laksmi Pratiwi Jazuli Penny Sylvania Putri <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong><em>The pandemic has triggered </em><em>researchers</em><em> to measure the success of the methods and platforms used in digital learning</em><em>s</em><em>. This study aims to discover </em><em>technical</em><em> terms in the study of digital learning transformation in the </em><em>COVID-19</em><em> era. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Methods. </em></strong><em>Using the Web of Science (WoS) database to search and collect publication data on digital learning transformation in the </em><em>COVID-19, this paper </em><em>&nbsp;collected&nbsp; 432 articles from November 2019 to August 2021.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Analysis. </em></strong><em>The data were descriptively analyzed using bibliometric and text analysis by applying clustering to the paper dataset.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and Discussion.</em></strong><em> The results of this study </em><em>show</em><em> three technical field clusters</em><em>and </em><em>terms in digital learning</em><em> transformation studies. These include</em><em> virtual clinical trials, </em><em>emergency remote learning</em><em>,</em><em> and</em> <em>image augmentation.</em><em>. In addition, this </em><em>paper </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>show</em><em> a collaborative network of authors and countries in the study of digital transformation in the </em><em>COVID-19</em><em> era.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion.</em></strong><em>M</em><em>any new terms have been obtained in the transformation of digital learning </em><em>studies </em><em>in the COVID-19 era, which is not only </em><em>“</em><em>online learning</em><em>”</em><em>.</em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Peran Perpustakaan Kafe Literacy Coffee dalam meningkatkan minat baca pengunjung di Kota Medan 2022-06-13T15:56:56+07:00 Nuraini Nuraini <p><strong><em>Introduction.</em></strong> <em>To i</em><em>ncreas</em><em>e the</em><em> interest in reading </em><em>could be anywhere, not only in libraries. </em><em>The purpose of this study</em><em> i</em><em>s to </em><em>examine </em><em>the role of </em><em>L</em><em>iteracy </em><em>C</em><em>offee</em> <em>Cafe Library</em> <em>in increasing reading interest</em><em> and visitors. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Methods.</em></strong> <em>This study uses a qualitative research with a descriptive approach. Data collection techniques were conducted by using interviews, observations, and documentation studies. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling, consisting of two managers and two visitors to the Literacy Coffee Cafe Library.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Analysis</em></strong><em>. Data analysis was carried out through data reduction, data presentation, conclusions and data verification</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and Discussion. </em></strong><em>The role of the Literacy Coffee Cafe Library is to increase visitor</em><em>s’</em><em> interest by providing rooms, services, collection of library materials</em><em>. It also conducts </em><em>activities</em><em> such as discussion and </em><em>promotion.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion and Recommendations. </em></strong><em>Cafe</em><em> librar</em><em>ies which are</em><em> educative, informative, and recreational</em><em> may become triggers to increase visitors’ reading interest</em><em>. </em><em>To</em><em> increas</em><em>e</em> <em>more </em><em>interest in reading, it is recommended that the Literacy Coffee Cafe Library </em><em>should </em><em>be more active in </em><em>having </em><em>innovative activities.</em></p> 2022-04-13T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Pilihan rasional alumni ilmu perpustakaan pada pekerjaan non-pustakawan 2022-06-13T15:56:55+07:00 Rizki Nurislaminingsih Sukaesih Sukaesih Yunus Winoto Atiqa Nur Latifa Hanum <p><strong><em>Introduction.</em></strong> <em>The establishment of </em><em>Library </em><em>S</em><em>cience </em><em>Schools is expected to prepare professionals in </em><em>library</em><em> fields</em><em>. In fact, there are </em><em>many </em><em>graduates who choose non-librarian jobs</em><em>, therefore, </em><em>it is necessary to </em><em>examine </em><em>their rational choices of the jobs.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Research methods.</em></strong><em> This study uses a qualitative narrative to explore the rational choices of </em><em>seven </em><em>informants.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data analysis.</em></strong><em> Data </em><em>were</em> <em>analysed </em><em>by summarizing the results of interviews and sorting </em><em>them based on </em><em>the topics and presented</em><em> in a </em><em>narrative</em><em> way</em><em>.</em> <em>Interviews were conducted from April 2019 to March 2020.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Result</em></strong><strong><em>s and Discussion</em></strong><strong><em>.</em></strong><em> The non-librarian jobs selected </em><em>were</em><em> lecturers, heads of academic division, book editor</em><em>s</em><em>, </em><em>f</em><em>inance staff, entrepreneurs</em><em>,</em><em> and the </em><em>d</em><em>rafting and </em><em>r</em><em>eporting </em><em>s</em><em>taff. The decision</em><em>s were made by </em><em>&nbsp;consider</em><em>ing </em><em>opportunit</em><em>ies</em><em> to learn new things, public recognition</em><em>,</em><em> income</em><em>,</em><em> and job comfort. This study found that some of the knowledge </em><em>gained from </em><em>library science</em><em>s</em><em> (management, communication, marketing, classification</em><em>,</em><em> and cataloging) can be applied to non-librarian </em><em>jobs</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion and suggestions.</em></strong><em> The choice of non-librarian jobs</em><em> are selected</em><em> based on consideration</em><em>s</em><em> for </em><em>further </em><em>learning,</em><em> social</em><em> appreciation, salary</em><em>,</em><em> and environment. The consequence is </em><em>to </em><em>learn new knowledge </em><em>and skills</em><em>. The results of this study </em><em>may</em><em> be</em><em> a</em> <em>reference </em><em>for </em><em>future</em><em> research on job</em><em> selection by</em><em> using rational &nbsp;</em><em>theory </em><em>and motivation theory.</em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Kecerdasan emosional pustakawan dalam manajemen konflik di perpustakaan perguruan tinggi di Karawang 2022-06-13T15:56:50+07:00 Novera Sumaryati Pawit M. Yusup Ute Lies Siti Khadijah Jenny Ratna Suminar <p><strong><em>Introduction.</em></strong><em> This research aims to explore the emotional intelligence of librarians in conflict management in college libraries in Karawang Regency.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Methods. </em></strong><em>This study used a qualitative method with phenomenological approaches. The data gathering techniques were observations, interviews, and literature studies.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Analysis. </em></strong><em>Data analysis were conducted by collecting data, reducing data, verifying data and drawing conclusions. The samples in this study were librarians working at college libraries in Karawang.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Result and Discussion. </em></strong><em>The findings in this study showed that every college library in Karawang experienced almost the same conflict, both from interpersonal conflict, intragroup conflict, to conflict among groups. In addition, the findings showed that many librarians have emotional intelligence in almost every college library.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion. </em></strong><em>Librarians are able to manage emotional intelligence well, so that they are indirectly able to do conflict management in the library. This is benefical for the library itself. The recommendation of this study that college leaders should pay more attention and provide more support to librarians as a distributor of information.</em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Dampak kualitas ruang pada personal space pengguna di Dinas Perpustakaan dan Kearsipan Provinsi Jawa Timur 2022-06-13T15:56:55+07:00 Anita Mutiarabia Fitri Mutia <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong><em>Examining</em><em> the value of quality space is not </em><em>simple, as we not only need to see the design, but also need to feel it, particularly personal space in libraries. </em><em>This article </em><em>aims to</em><em> examine the quality of space </em><em>that may</em><em> affect the user’s personal space.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methodology. </em></strong><em>This study use</em><em>d</em><em> a quantitavie approach, purposive sampling technique, with a total sample of 100 users at the</em><em> Office of </em><em>Library and Archive </em><em>East Java </em><em>with certain criteria.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Analysis.</em></strong><em> The p</em><em>rimary data was converted to interval data </em><em>by using </em><em>MSI transformation method and tested </em><em>by </em><em>using validity, reliability, simple linear regression and t-test. </em><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and Discussion. </em></strong><em>The results show that the quality of space simultaneously have an impact on the users</em><em>’</em><em> personal space, </em><em>however, </em><em>the strength of the impact of space quality on personal space is weak.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conculsion. </em></strong><em>Quality of space that is not ideal </em><em>may </em><em>disturb the personal space of library users. This research </em><em>may become</em><em> a reference </em><em>in </em><em>designing library space </em><em>based on user needs. </em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Peran akun twitter @literarybase dalam meningkatkan minat baca followersnya 2022-06-13T15:56:53+07:00 Sakawuni Maghfira Firdestia Bunga Margareta Aulia Rachman <p><strong><em>Introduction.</em></strong><em> @literarybase is an autobase account </em><em>focusing on</em><em> literacy and literature on Twitter.</em> <em>This article discusses the role of @literarybase in increasing the reading interest of its followers based on principle</em><em>s</em><em> of reading interest development</em><em>. </em><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Methods.</em></strong> <em>This study use</em><em>d</em> <em>a </em><em>quantitative </em><em>approach with</em><em> survey</em><em> method</em><em> as</em><em> the</em><em> data collection technique</em><em> involving</em><em> 288 followers of @literarybase account</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Analysis</em></strong><em>. The data </em><em>was </em><em>analyzed using </em><em>a </em><em>descriptive analysis method</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and Discussion.</em></strong><em> The results show</em><em>ed</em><em> that the @literarybase account</em><em> played a significant </em><em>&nbsp;role as a place to increase followers' reading interest. In general, the @literarybase account has applied the principles of reading interest development </em><em>framework. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion.</em></strong><em> Based on the findings, the application of the principle of teaching interest self-regulation strategies on the @literarybase account is still not as effective as the other three on reading interest development principles.</em><em>In managing the account, </em><em>&nbsp;the @literarybase</em><em>, more interactive</em><em>discussion</em><em>s</em><em> &nbsp;with their followers </em><em>to support </em><em>&nbsp;activi</em><em>ties</em><em> related to literacy and literature.</em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Memaksimalkan peran perpustakaan sebagai sumber belajar di Sekolah Menengah Atas Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo 2022-06-13T15:56:51+07:00 Anna Nurhayati Riyanto Riyanto Moh. Rif’an <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong><em>This research analyses efforts made by the library of Muhammadiyah Senior High School 1 Ponorogo in maximising the role of library as a source of learning as issued by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institution. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Methods. </em></strong><em>This paper employed a qualitative descriptive approach through participant observations and structured interviews. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Data analysis.</em></strong><em>&nbsp; Data from interview transcripts, observation sheets and documentations were analysed by conducting the process of data display, data reduction and conclusion drawing. The analysis process also considered several supporting literature in the form of books, scientific journals, conference proceeding.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and discussion.</em></strong><em> The roles of the library as a learning source are demonstrated by several activities to improve users’ skills such as providing resource capabilities and supporting critical thinking, literacy, and personal and interpersonal development.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion and suggestions:</em></strong><em> In serving its responsibility as a learning resource, the library at SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo did not fully comply with the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions' standard requirements. Libraries are limited in their ability to fulfill information needs, but they have make little effort to explain that information to users.</em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Tinjauan literatur sistematis digitalisasi koleksi antikuariat di perpustakaan khusus 2022-06-13T15:56:54+07:00 Ersya Julia Hermadilla Tamara Adriani Salim <p><strong><em>Introduction.</em></strong><em> From a rare collection preservation perspective, antiquarian collections are considered fragile and prone in terms of biological, chemical and physical damage. This causes antiquarian collections require special handling to preserve.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Methods.</em></strong><em> This study used a systematic literature review with a qualitative approach using Google Scholar. Based on the searching process, we analysed three articles.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Analysis.</em></strong> <em>The data was obtained and analysed by describing the content of the articles, including the ideas of problem solving and recommendations in the articles.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and Discussion.</em></strong><em> The digitisation of antiquarian collections aims to improve user services by providing access to digital antiquarian collections and to preserve them. There are three main activities in the process of digitising antiquarian collections, namely selecting, scanning and storing. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion. </em></strong><em>This study provides an overview of the digitisation process of antiquarian collections conducted by special libraries. More particularly, the special libraries must manage sufficient budget and plan to conduct the digitisation process of antiquarian collections.</em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Tinjauan literatur argumentatif tentang kepemilikan data arsip digital non-fungible token (NFT) pada teknologi blockchain 2022-06-13T15:56:50+07:00 Achmad Fachmi Nina Mayesti <p><strong><em>Introduction.</em></strong><em> NFT scheme is used to certify </em><em>the authenticity of </em><em>digital records</em><em>. It is also</em><em> to provide a code for the original (genuine) data recorded on the blockchain</em><em>. NFT</em><em> create</em><em>s</em><em> a single data that cannot be duplicated in digital records. The misuse of NFT authentication to illegally certify other people's data have become a problem.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Methods.</em></strong><em> This study use</em><em>d</em> <em>an</em><em> argumentative literature review</em><em> with a </em><em>qualitative</em><em> approach. It used</em><em> literature data sources from various fields related to the basic concepts of archival science as </em><em>a </em><em>basic analysis.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Analysis</em></strong><em>. The</em><em> analysis</em><em> process consist</em><em>ed</em><em> of several stages</em><em>, namely</em><em> reading the reviewed literature, summari</em><em>s</em><em>ing, analy</em><em>s</em><em>ing, and synthesi</em><em>s</em><em>ing</em><em> them</em><em> critically and deeply.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and Discussion.</em></strong> <em>The c</em><em>oncept of development related to data ownership issues can be formulated by collaborating with user communities, developers, and digital service designers (ecosystems). As a preventive measure, understanding the logistical consequences of data security threats</em><em> was very helpful. This included </em><em>authenticity, integrity, confidentiality, and authori</em><em>s</em><em>ation</em><em>,</em> <em>they served as</em><em> important point</em><em>s</em><em> to reduce risk.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion.</em></strong> <em>T</em><em>he NFT concept continues to develop </em><em>dynamically. </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>A more in-depth study and the involvement of archival science are </em><em>necessary</em><em>, </em><em>thus,</em><em> NFT scheme can build trust in digital records regarding the issue of data ownership.</em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Trends in information-seeking behavior research at Airlangga University 2022-06-13T15:56:52+07:00 Asma Rakha' Dinazzah Rahmi Rahmi <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong><em>This study analyzes research trends in information-seeking behavior at Airlangga University, Indonesia. This study examines various aspects and models of information behavior using a systematic literature review. </em><em>There has been an i</em><em>ncrease </em><em>in </em><em>research </em><em>topics </em><em>conducted by Airlangga University students, especially regarding information-seeking behavior</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Collection Methods. </em></strong><em>The method used </em><em>was</em><em> a systematic literature review with a qualitative approach. Data sources </em><em>we</em><em>re identified and accessed through the Airlangga University Repository ( Items selected for review </em><em>were </em><em>&nbsp;39 journal articles, 45 abstracts, and three theses.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Data Analysis.</em></strong> <em>The analysis </em><em>process </em><em>consist of planning, conducting, and reporting. 1)</em><em> Creating</em> <em>r</em><em>esearch </em><em>q</em><em>uestions, 2) </em><em>Conducting s</em><em>earch </em><em>p</em><em>rocess, 3) </em><em>Deciding i</em><em>nclusion and </em><em>e</em><em>xclusion </em><em>c</em><em>riteria, 4) </em><em>Conducting the q</em><em>uality </em><em>a</em><em>ssessment.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results and Discussion. </em></strong><em>Of</em><em> all, </em><em>there are </em><em>15 models of information-seeking behavior were </em><em>examined</em><em>. Among the</em><em>m, several</em><em> frequently used models were those developed by Ellis; Leckie et al.; and Meho and Tibbo’s revision of Ellis.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion. </em></strong><em>This research recommends the scientific development of information-seeking behavior, it is </em><em>expected </em><em>&nbsp;that</em><em> research</em><em> in Indonesia will </em><em>create</em> <em>models of information-seeking behavior and be able to collaborate scientifically, increase innovation in knowledge and its application.</em></p> 2022-06-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Berkala Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi