Correlation between P-Wave Terminal Force V1 (PTFV1) from 12-Lead ECG and Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Patients Diagnosed With Hypertension

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Bambang Arie Hidayat Dalimunthe
Nizam Akbar
Refli Hasan
Harris Hasan
Andika Sitepu
Ali Nafiah Nasution


Background: Patients diagnosed with hypertension will deteriorate into hypertensive heart disease which is characterized by diastolic dysfunction first followed by systolic dysfunction later in the course of the disease. Diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle causes an increase in LVEDP as well as in the dimension of the left atrium. P-Wave Terminal Force V1 (PTFV1) which is derived from 12 lead ECG could help diagnose diastolic dysfunction in centers where echocardiography is not available. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation of PTFV1 on the 12-lead Electrocardiography with diastolic dysfunction in patients diagnosed with hypertension in the outpatient clinic of Cardiac Center Adam Malik General Hospital in Medan.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted from March 2019 until August 2019. Patients with hypertension who met the inclusion criteria were examined electrocardiographically to obtain PTFV1 value. Then echocardiography examination was then performed to assess the grades of diastolic dysfunction and other parameters. Analysis of correlation between PTFV1 values and diastolic dysfunction was then conducted.

Results: From the clinical characteristics, there is no difference regarding age, sex , and risk factorsbetween the three diastolic dysfunction groups, while echocardiography characteristic shows more reduced EF in grade III diastolic dysfunction (36.5±7.7). Significant differences in PTFV1 are found among diastolic dysfunction groups. Grade I diastolic dysfunction has PTFV1 value of 23.8, grade II diastolic dysfunction has PTFV1 value of 34.1, and grade III diastolic dysfunction has PTFV1 value of 52.1, Significance of  p value is <0.001. There is a strong correlation between PTFV1 and diastolic dysfunction grade (r = 0.63 (P <0.001)). Cut off point of PTFV1 > 29.8 can discriminate patients who have increased LAP with a sensitivity of 84% and specificity of 71%.

Conclusions: PTFV1 is a simple screening tool which is widely available and correlate well with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension, which makes it a good alternative tool especially in areas where echocardiography is not readily available.

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