Design and Control of Alkali-Catalyzed Transesterification Reactors

Veerayut Lersbamrungsuk(1*), Thongchai Srinophakun(2)

(*) Corresponding Author


Controllability analysis during the design stage is needed to ensure that the plant can be operated properly. This research focuses on design and control of transesterification reactor. Effects of important design parameters including residence time, methanol/oil molar ratio, and reactor temperature to design conversion and controllability of the reactor are studied. Controllability is analyzed using linear system theory based on poles, zeros, and gains. The result reveals that for a given design conversion, the operation with high reactor temperature and low methanol/oil molar ratio is preferred.


Alkali-catalyzed, Biodiesel, Controllability, Design and Control, Transesterification reactor

Full Text:



1. Balat M., and Balat H. (2010). Progress in biodiesel processing, Applied Energy,
87: 1815-1835.
2. Freedman B., Butterfield R.O., and Pryde E.H. (1986). Transesterification kinetics
of soybean oil, JAOCS, 63(10): 1375- 1380.
3. Morari M.(1992). Effect of design on the controllability of chemical plants. In
IFAC Workshop on interactions between process design and control, London, England, 3-16.

4. Noureddini H., and Zhu D. (1977). Kinetics of transesterification of soybean oil, JAOCS, 74(11): 1457-1463.
5. Shinskey F.G. (1982). Uncontrollable processes and what to do about them. In AIChE Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, US, 13-18.
6. Skogestad, S., and Postlethwaite, I. (2005). Multivariable Feedback Control: Analysis and Design. 2 nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England.

7. Zhang Y., Dube M.A., McLean, D.D., and Kates M. (2003). Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: 1. Process design and technological assessment. Bioresource Technology, 90: 229-240.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1240 | views : 1142


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering  (print ISSN 1655-4418; online ISSN 2655-5409) is published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.