Photodegradation Kinetics of Phenol and Methylene Blue Dye Present in Water Stream Over Immobilized Film Ti02 Catalyst

Chin Mei Ling(1*), Abdul Rahman Mohamed(2), Subhash Bhatia(3)

(1) School of Chemical Engineering Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus 14300 Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang MALAYSIA
(*) Corresponding Author


A photocatalytic reactor has been designed to study the kinetics of photocatalytic degradation of phenol and methylene blue dye present in water stream on immobilized Ti02 catalyst. The principal part of the reactor consisted of a cylindrical pyrex glass tube whose outer surface was coated with the synthetic Ti02 film catalyst prepared from sol-gel technique. An ultraviolet light lamp of 365 nm wavelength was set longitudinally in the center of the tube. The synthetic Ti02 film formulation with the molar ratio of 1 titanium isopropoxide : 8 isopropanol: 1.1 H20: 3 acetyl acetone: 0.05 acetic acid was used to develop the immobilized Ti02 film catalyst deposited over the glass support. The performance of the immobilized photocatalytic reactor was evaluated by studying the decomposition kinetics of phenol and methylene blue dye present in the aqueous stream. The kinetics of photocatalytic degradation of phenol and methylene blue obeyed first order heterogeneous equation. The kinetic parameters were evaluated from the kinetic data using the Langmuir"Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson (LHHW) model. Keywords: Kinetics, methylene blue, phenol, photocatalytic reactor, and Ti02 film catalyst.


Kinetics, methylene blue, phenol, photocatalytic reactor, and Tio, film catalyst.

Full Text:

Full Text


  1. Alemany, L.J., Banares, M. A., Pardo, E., Martin, F., and Blasco, J. M. (1997). “Photodegradation of phenol in water using silica-supported titania catalysts," Appl. Catal. B, 13, 289-297,
  2. Byrne, J. A., Eggins, B. R., Brown, N. M. D., McKinney, B., and Rouse, M. (1998). "Immobilization of TiO, powder for the treatment of polluted water," Appl. Catal. B, 17, 25–36.
  3. Chen, D. W., and Ray, A. K. (1999). "Photocatalytic kinetics of phenol and its derivatives over UV irradiated TiO," Appl. Catal. B, 23, 143–157.
  4. Chen, D. W., Sivakumar, M., and Ray, A. K. (2000). "Heterogeneous photocatalysis in environmental remediation," Developmental Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processes, 8, 5/6, 505-550.
  5. Esplugas, S., Gimenez, J., Contreras, S., Pascual, E., and Rodriguez, M. (2002). "Comparison of different advanced oxidation processes for phenol degradation," Water Research, 36, 1034-1042.
  6. Fogler, H.S. (1999). Elements of chemical reaction engineering, 3rd ed., Prentice Hall, New Jersey. Houas, A. A., Lachheb, H. A., Mohamed, K A., Elaloui, E. A., Guillard, C., and Herrmann, J. M. (2001). "Photocatalytic degradation pathway of methylene blue in water,” Appl. Catal. B, 31, 145–157.
  7. Okuya, M., Nakade, K., and Kaneko, S. (2002). "Porous Tio, thin films synthesized by a spray deposition (SPD) technique and their application to dye-sensitized solar cells," Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 70, 425 435.
  8. Shephard, G. S., Stockenstrom, S., Villiers, D., Engelbrecht, W. J., and Wessels, G. F. S. (2002). "Degradation of microcystin toxins in a falling film photocatalytic reactor with immobilized titanium dioxide catalyst,“ Water Research, 36, 140-146.
  9. Tchobanoglous, G., and Burton, F. L. (1991). Wastewater engineering: Water treatment and disposal reuse, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1191 | views : 534


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering  (print ISSN 1655-4418; online ISSN 2655-5409) is published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.