Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Analysis of Co-pyrolysis of Waste Coconut Husk and Laminated Plastic Packaging

Joselito Abierta Olalo(1*)

(1) Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Camarines Norte State Col-lege, Daet, Camarines Norte, 4600, Philippines
(*) Corresponding Author


Co-pyrolysis of plastic with biomass was used in the possible mitigation of environmental health problems associated with plastic waste. The pyrolysis method possessed the highest solution in the reduction of waste problems. Fuel oil can be produced through the pyrolysis of plastic and biomass waste. Many researchers used pyrolysis technology to produce a suitable amount of pyrolytic oil through different optimization techniques. This study will predict the percentage mass oil yield using an artificial neural network. It uses an input layer, hidden layer and an output layer. Three input factors for the input layer were (i) temperature, (ii) particle size, and (iii) percentage coconut husk. The structure has one hidden layer with two neurons. The artificial neural network was designed to predict the percentage oil yield after 15 pyrolysis runs set by the Box-Behnken design of the experiment. Percentage oil yields after pyrolysis were calculated. Results showed that temperature and percentage of coconut husk significantly influenced the percentage oil yield. Predicted values from simulation in the artificial neural network showed a good agreement through a correlation coefficient of 99.5%. The actual percentage oil yield overlaps the predicted values, which ANN demonstrates as a viable solution.


Artificial neural network; Co-pyrolysis; Coconut husk; Laminated plastic

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ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering  (print ISSN 1655-4418; online ISSN 2655-5409) is published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.