Development of Cavity Matrix Combustor for Biogas Application

https://doi.org/10.22146/ajche.76154

Young Nam Chun(1*), June An(2)

(1) Department of Environmental Engineering, Chosun University, 309, Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 61452, Korea, Republic of
(2) Department of Environmental Engineering, Chosun University, 309, Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 61452, Korea, Republic of
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The use of conventional fossil fuels has limitations in energy resources and environmental problems such as greenhouse gas, air pollution, etc. Biogas has sustainable and renewable characteristics that can be used as an alternative energy source to alleviate these problems. In this study, we proposed a novel cavity matrix combustor that directly enables the combustion of what is produced in small and medium-sized biogas facilities without separation or purification. We also identified combustion characteristics for changes in air ratio, gas feed rate, biogas ratio, and exhaust gas recirculation rate and proposed optimal operating conditions based on this. The performance test result showed that the cavity matrix combustor is excellent for biogas combustion. The optimal operating conditions for the combustor are: the biogas ratio is 60% of CH4 and 40% of CO2, the air ratio is 1.1, the gas feed rate is 30L/min, and the exhaust gas recirculation rate is 100%. At this time, the combustion efficiency was 87%, and the unburned components were CO, UHCs, which are 0.01% and 0.05%, respectively, and NOx was 1ppm.


Keywords


Super-Adiabatic Combustion; Microwave Heating; Matrix Burner; Climate Technology

Full Text:

PDF


References

Chaelek, A., Grare, U. M., Jugjai, S., 2019. “Self-aspirating/air-preheating porous medium gas burner,” Applied Thermal Engineering, 153, 181-189.

Devi, S., Sahoo, N., Muthkumar, P., 2019. “Combustion of biogas in Porous Radiant Burner: low emission combustion,” Energy Procedia, 158, 1116-1121.

Devi, S., Sahoo, N., Muthkumar, P., 2020a. “Experimental studies on biogas combustion in a novel double layer inert Porous Radiant Burner,” Renewable Energy, 149, 1040-1052.

Devi, S., Sahoo, N., Muthkumar, P., 2020b. “Impact of preheat zone properties on the flammability limits of crude biogas combustion in a two-layer porous radiant burner,” Journal of Physics: Conference Seiries, 1473, 012033.

Fedeli, M., Manenti, F., 2022. “Assessing process effectiveness with specific environmental and economic impact of heat, power & chemicals (HPC) option as future perspective in biogas,” Cleaner Chemical Engineering, 2, 100016.

Habib, R., Yadollahi, B., Saeed, A., Doranehgard, M. H., Li, L. K. B., Karimi, N., 2021. “Unsteady ultra-lean combustion of methane and biogas in a porous burner-An experimental study,” Applied Thermal Engineering, 182, 116099.

Keramiotis, C., Katoufa, M., Vourliotakis, G., Hatziapostolou, A., Founti, M. A., 2015. “Experimental investigation of a radiant porous burner performance with simulated natural gas. biogas and synthesis gas fuel blends,” Fuel, 158, 835–842.

Kruczek, G., Przegorz, P., Ziółkowski, Ł., Adamczyk, W. P., 2019. “Comparative assessment of the application of methane and biogas in energy production: An experimental and numerical investigation,” Renew. Energy, 143, 1519-1530.

Motasemi, F., Motasemi, F., 2013. “A Review on the Microwave-Assisted Pyrolysis Technique,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review, 28, 317-330.

Qu, Z., Gao, H., Feng, X., Tao, W., 2015. “Premixed Combustion in a Porous Burner with Different Fuels,” Combustion Science and Technology, 187, 489-504.

Roubík, H., Mazancová, J., 2019. “Small-scale biogas plants in central Vietnam and biogas appliances with a focus on a flue gas analysis of biogas cook stoves,” Renew. Energy, 131, 1138-1145.

Seo, H.J. 2002. “THE EFFECT OF OXYGEN IN CARBON DIOXIDE REFORMING OF METHANE OVER A RH(5 wt%)/ Al2O3 CATALYST,” Environ. Eng. Res., 7, 185-189.

Suslov, D. Y., Ramazanov, R. S., Temnikov, D. O., Lobanov, I. V., 2019. “Development and research of low pressure injection burner for biogas combustion,” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 552, 012031.

Will, H., Scholz, P., Ondruschka, B., 2004. “Heterogeneous gas-phase catalysis under microwave irradiation – a new multi-mode microwave applicator,” Top. Catal., 29, 175-182.

Zhang, X. L., Hayward, D. O., Mingos, D. M. P., 2003. “Effects of microwave dielectric heating on heterogeneous catalysis,” Catal. Lett., 88, 33-38.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ajche.76154

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 687 | views : 536

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering  (print ISSN 1655-4418; online ISSN 2655-5409) is published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.