WIND FARM LOCATION SELECTION AT THE SOUTHERN COAST OF YOGYAKARTA PROVINCE FOR ENERGY SUPPLY OF HYDROGEN FUEL PRODUCTION



Irwan Setyaji(1*), Arief Budiman(2), Wahyu Wilopo(3), Ridwan Budi Prasetyo(4)

(1) Gadjah Mada University
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT)
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The depletion of non-renewable energy reserves and increased awareness of environmental damage caused by fossil-based fuel use have encouraged the world’s efforts to develop and utilize new and renewable energy sources, including in Indonesia, especially in the special region of Yogyakarta. The potential for wind power plants can be developed in 3 districts in the southern part of Yogyakarta, bordering the Java Sea, to be converted into hydrogen through an electrolysis process. The three research locations were Bugel Beach in Kulon Progo, Pandansimo Baru Beach in Bantul, and Baron Techno Park at Baron Beach in Gunung Kidul. The selection of the most optimum location was made employing the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method by considering three factors, namely technical, location, and socio-economic factors. 

The first factor includes the potential for electricity generation from wind power and the available land area. The second one consists of sub-factors, namely access to the location and the distance to the PLN electricity distribution line. Then the last one includes conflicts with tourism and the economic activities of the surrounding community. After obtaining the most suitable location, planning is carried out for the wind farm that is built, the amount of electrical energy produced, the cost of generating electricity, and the cost of producing hydrogen from the electrolysis process. Pandansimo Baru Beach is an ideal location, with an average wind speed of 4.833 m/s. Five Vestas V80 2000/80 wind turbines were selected according to the available land. The annual electrical energy that can be produced from this system is 161,677,216 kWh/year with a generation cost of 0.118 USD/kWh and is capable of producing 230,960 kgH2 of hydrogen at 4.35 USD/kg.

    

Keywords


Wind Farm, Southern Coast of Yogyakarta, Hydrogen, Electrolysis

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ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering (AJSE) 
P-ISSN: 2338-2309 || E-ISSN: 2338-2295
Master in Systems Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Jl. Teknika Utara No.3, Barek, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281 
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