Indigenous Indonesian Dayak Traditional Wisdom in Reducing Deforestation

Sidik R. Usop(1), Ismi Rajiani(2*)

(1) Faculty of Social Sciences, Universitas Palangkaraya, Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Economics & Business, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
(*) Corresponding Author


The function of forests for Dayak people is not only to fulfill the needs of life but also related to the ancient belief to preserve natural resources. The study aims to analyze the traditional model of protecting the conservation area by applying surveys and in-depth interviews. In this particular case study, a set of values – batang garing (tree of life), belom bahadat (living compliant with customary law), pali (taboo) ,manyanggar (asking the consent  of the ancestor),memapas lewu (brushing the village)  – central to the Dayak Ngaju people, the indigenous population in Central Kalimantan, become contested in the course of the economic and development project. Adherence to these  central values creates movement to prevent damage to indigenous people's natural resources under the tag “Manyalamat Petak Danum” (Saving our homeland).


Dayak; forest; local wisdom; sustainability; sacred area.

Full Text:



Araújo, N., Cardoso, L., Brea, J. A. F., & De Araújo, A. F. (2018). Green Jobs: The Present and Future of the Building Industry. Evolution Analysis. Social Sciences, 7(12), 266.

Arisanty, D., Jędrasiak, K., Rajiani, I., & Grabara, J. (2020). The Destructive Impact of Burned Peatlands to Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil. Acta Montanistica Slovaca, 25(2), 213-223.

Arjasakusuma, S., Pribadi, U. A., & Seta, G. A. (2018). Accuracy and Spatial Pattern Assessment of Forest Cover change Datasets in Central Kalimantan. The Indonesian Journal of Geography, 50(2), 222-227.

Brown, G. (2015). Engaging the wisdom of crowds and public judgment for land use planning using public participation geographic information systems. Australian Planner, 52(3), 199-209.

Cheung, L. T., & Hui, D. L. (2018). Influence of residents’ place attachment on heritage forest conservation awareness in a peri-urban area of Guangzhou, China. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 33, 37-45.

Fukamachi, K. (2017). Sustainability of terraced paddy fields in traditional satoyama landscapes of Japan. Journal of Environmental Management, 202, 543-549.

Großmann, K. (2017). The (ir) relevance of ethnicity among the Punan Murung and Bakumpai in Central Kalimantan. In Continuity under Change in Dayak Societies (pp. 141-162). Springer VS, Wiesbaden.

Gupta, D., & Koontz, T. M. (2019). Working together? Synergies in government and NGO roles for community forestry in the Indian Himalayas. World Development, 114, 326-340.

Law, E. A., Bryan, B. A., Meijaard, E., Mallawaarachchi, T., Struebig, M., & Wilson, K. A. (2015). Ecosystem services from a degraded peatland of Central Kalimantan: implications for policy, planning, and management. Ecological Applications, 25(1), 70-87.

Lestarini, R. (2016). Finding a Fair Land Dispute Settlement Mechanism Between Adat Law Community Vs. Investor. Indonesian Law Review, 6, 369.

Lounela, A. (2020) Contested values and climate change mitigation in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Social Anthropology, 28(4), 862 –880.

Ma’ruf, A. (2018). Agro-pastoral and preservation of local wisdom bondang for agricultural sustainability in Asahan, North Sumatra. Agricultura-Revistă de Știință și Practică Agricolă, 27(1/2), 110-113.

Njau, A., Hakim, A., Lekson, A. S., & Setyowati, E. (2019). Local wisdom practices of dayak indigenous people in the management of tana’ulen in the Kayan Mentarang national park of Malinau regency, North Kalimantan province, Indonesia. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences, 91(7), 156-167.

Osman, W. W., Shirly Wunas, D., Arifin, M., & Wikantari, R. (2020). The Spatial Patterns of Settlement Plateau of the Ammatoa Kajang: Reflection of Local Wisdom. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 11(1), 199-208.

Pemerintah Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah (2020). Retrieved from on April 2, 2021

Pirard, R., Petit, H., Baral, H., & Achdiawan, R. (2016). Perceptions of local people toward pulpwood plantations: Insights from the Q-method in Indonesia. International Forestry Review, 18(2), 218-230.

Rajiani, I., & Kot, S. (2018). The Prospective Consumers of the Indonesian Green Aviation Initiative for Sustainable Development in Air Transportation. Sustainability, 10(6), 1772.

Rajiani, I., & Pypłacz, P. (2018). National culture as modality in managing the carbon economy in Southeast Asia. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 18(1), 296-308.

Ross, A., Sherman, K. P., Snodgrass, J. G., Delcore, H. D., & Sherman, R. (2016). Indigenous peoples and the collaborative stewardship of nature: knowledge binds and institutional conflicts. Routledge.

Savage, V. R. (2018). The Southeast Asian Haze: Dealing with an Outcome of Global Climate Cycles and Change. Pollution Across Borders: Transboundary Fire, Smoke And Haze In Southeast Asia, 205.

Silvianingsih, Y. A., Hairiah, K., Suprayogo, D., & Van Noordwijk, M. (2020). Agroforests, swiddening and livelihoods between restored peat domes and river: effects of the 2015 fire ban in Central Kalimantan (Indonesia). International Forestry Review, 22(3), 382-396.

Sukawati, T. G. R., Riana, I. G., Rajiani, I., & Abbas, E. W. (2020). Managing corporate sustainability by revitalizing Balinese cultural identity. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 21(1), 382-393.

Takala, T., Kähkönen, T., Laakkonen, A., & Tikkanen, J. (2020). Towards more sustainable bioenergy production–forest owners’ readiness for change. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 35(1-2), 108-116.

Usop, S. R. (2016). Ruang Masyarakat Adat dalam Pemanasan Global dan Perubahan Iklim Kasus Program REDD+ di Kalimantan Tengah. Masyarakat Indonesia, 38(1), 47-68.

Walker, J. H. (2016). Beyond" Structural Contradictions": A Political Economy of Indigenous Resources Conflict in Early Nineteenth Century Northwest Borneo. Borneo Research Bulletin, 47, 84.

Wegscheider, S., Purwanto, J., Margono, B. A., Nugroho, S., Buchholz, G., & Sugardiman, R. A. (2018). Current Achievements to Reduce Deforestation in Kalimantan. The Indonesian Journal of Geography, 50(2), 109-120.

Widen, K. (2017). The rise of Dayak identities in Central Kalimantan. In Borneo Studies in History, Society and Culture (pp. 273-282). Springer, Singapore.

Yang, H., Ranjitkar, S., Zhai, D., Zhong, M., Goldberg, S. D., Salim, M. A., & Xu, J. (2019). Role of Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Seasonal Calendars in the Context of Climate Change: A Case Study from China. Sustainability, 11(12), 3243.

Zaki, M. K., Noda, K., Ito, K., Komariah, K., Sumani, S., & Senge, M. (2020). Adaptation to Extreme Hydrological Events by Javanese Society through Local Knowledge. Sustainability, 12(24), 10373.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 5246 | views : 3502


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Ismi Rajiani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 225/E/KPT/2022, Vol 54 No 1 the Year 2022 - Vol 58 No 2 the Year 2026 (accreditation certificate download)

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)