Utilization of Gravimetric Satellite Data for Delineating of Subsurface Model of The Purwokerto-Purbalingga Groundwater Basin

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.72466

Sehah Sehah(1*), Urip Nurwijayanto Prabowo(2), Sukmaji Anom Raharjo(3), Laila Ariska(4)

(1) Physics Department, Jenderal Soedirman University, Jalan Dr. Suparno 61, Purwokerto
(2) Physics Department, Jenderal Soedirman University, Jalan Dr. Suparno 61, Purwokerto
(3) Physics Department, Jenderal Soedirman University, Jalan Dr. Suparno 61, Purwokerto
(4) Physics Department, Jenderal Soedirman University, Jalan Dr. Suparno 61, Purwokerto
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The utilization of gravimetric satellite data has been carried out to delineate the subsurface model of the Purwokerto-Purbalingga Groundwater Basin. Access and processing of satellite gravity anomalies data were carried out to obtain the residual gravity anomalies data. Modeling of the residual gravity anomalies data was conducted along the AA′, BB′, and CC′ trajectories. The modeling results show a basin model filled by alluvial deposits (1.75 g/cm3 and 2.28 g/cm3) with a maximum depth of about 402 m for the AA′ trajectory, 543 m for the BB′ trajectory, and 463 m for the CC′ trajectory. The modeling results show that this alluvial basin is delimited by impermeable and semi-impermeable layers, which include laharic deposits of Slamet Volcano (2.61 g/cm3), andesite lava deposits (2.90 g/cm3), Tapak formation rocks (2.50 g/cm3), breccia rocks of Tapak formation (2.70 g/cm3), and breccia rocks of Halang formation (2.80 g/cm3). The fairly large thickness of alluvial deposits supported by dug-well water tables data and resistivity data indicates that the potential of groundwater in the Purwokerto-Purbalingga Groundwater Basin area is very large. The results of the study are expected to be a solution to overcome droughts that often occur in the Banyumas and Purbalingga regencies, as well as for the development of groundwater-based irrigation.

Keywords


gravimetric satellite data; Purwokerto-Purbalingga Groundwater Basin; subsurface model

Full Text:

PDF


References

Anderson, T.W., Freethey, G.W., Tucci, P., 1992. Geohydrjology and Water Resources of Alluvial Basins in South-Central Arizona and Parts of Adjacent States. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper. United States Government Printing Office. Washington. 67pp.

Anonimous, 2017. Index of Images Groundwater Map. Website: http://esdm.jatengprov. go.id/images/Peta/Air-Tanah. Accessed: October 7, 2021.

Anonimous, 2020. Drought, Three Villages in Purbalingga Freshwater Crisis. Edition: Monday, August 31, 2020. Website: https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/keke ringan-tiga-desa-di-purbalingga-krisis-air-bersih.html. Accessed: January 16, 2022.

Asikin, S. and Handoyo, A. 1992. Geological Map of Quadrangles of Banyumas, Java, Scale 1:100.000. Geological Research and Development Center (PSG). Bandung.

Bammelen, R.W.V., 1949. The Geology of Indonesia, Vol. IA: General Geology of Indonesia and Adjacent Archipelagoes. Government Printing Office, The Haque, 732pp.

Blakely R.J., 1995. Potential Theory in Gravity and Magnetic Applications. Cambridge University Press. New York, USA. 441pp.

Condon, W.H., Pardyanto, L., Ketner, K.B., Amin, T.C., Gafoer, S., Samodra, H., 1996. Geological Map of Quadrangles of Banjarnegara and Pekalongan, Java, Scale 1:100.000. Geological Research and Development Center (PSG). Bandung.

Darwis, 2018. Groundwater Management. Pena Indis in collaboration with Pustaka AQ. Yogyakarta. 305pp.

Djuri, M., Samodra, H., and Gafoer, S., 1996. Geological Map of Quadrangles of Purwokerto and Tegal, Jawa, Scale 1:100,000. Geological Research and Development Center (PSG). Bandung.

Ducet, N., and Traon, P.Y.L., 2000. Global High-Resolution Mapping of Ocean Circulation from TOPEX/Poseidon and ERS-1 and -2. Journal of Geophyisical Research, 105(C8), p. 19477-19498.

Ekinci Y.L. and Yigitbas E., 2015. Interpretation of Gravity Anomalies to Delineate Some Structural Features of Biga and Gelibolu Peninsulas, and their Surroundings (North-West Turkey). Geodinamica Acta, 27(4), p. 300-319.

Frappart, F., and Ramillien, G., 2018. Monitoring Groundwater Storage Changes Using the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) Satellite Mission: A Review. Remote Sensing, 2018(10), 829, p. 1-25.

Guglielmetti, L., and Moscariello, A., 2021. On The Use of Gravity Data in Delineating Geologic Features of Interest for Geothermal Exploration in the Geneva Basin (Switzerland): Prospects and Limitations. Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 114, p. 2-20.

Guo, L., Meng, X., Chen, Z., Li, S., and Zheng, Y., 2013. Preferential Filtering for Gravity Anomaly Sparation. Computers and Geosciences, 51, p. 247-54.

Hirt, C., Claessens, S., Fecher, T., Kuhn, M., Pail, R. and Rexer, M., 2013. New Ultrahigh-Resolution Picture of Earth's Gravity Field. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, p. 4279-4283

Holom, D.I., and Oldow, J.S., 2007. Gravity Reduction Spreadsheet to Calculate the Bouguer Anomaly Using Standardized Methods and Constants. Geosphere, 3(2), p. 86-90.

Islamy, N., Thaib, S.H., Yusoff, I., Ghani, A.A., 2018. Integrated Geoelectrical Resistivity and Hydrogeochemical Methods for Delineating and Mapping Heavy Metal Zone in Aquifer System. Environmental Earth Sciences, 77(383), p. 1-18.

Iswahyudi, S., Jati, I.P., Setiaji, R., 2018. Preliminary Study Geology of Tirta Marta Lake, Purbalingga, Central Java. Dinamika Rekayasa, 14(2), p. 86-91.

Kebede, H., Alemu, A., and Fisseha, S., 2020. Upward Continuation and Polynomial Trend Analysis as a Gravity Data Decomposition, Case Study At Ziway-Shala Basin, Central Main Ethiopian Rift. Heliyon, 6(1), p. 1-11.

Maulana, A.D. and Prasetyo, D.A., 2019. Mathematical Analysis on Bouguer Correction and Topographic Correction of Topex Satellite Gravity Data in Determining Geological Conditions, Case Study of the Palu Koro Fault, Central Sulawesi. Jurnal Geosaintek, 5(3), p. 91-100.

Motta, J.G., Filho, C.R.d.S., Carranza, E.J.M., Braitenberg, C., 2019. Archean Crust and Metallogenic Zones in the Amazonian Craton Sensed by Satellite Gravity Data. Scientific Reports, 9(2565), p. 1-10.

Nowell, D.A.G., 1999. Gravity Terrain Corrections - An Overview. Journal of Applied Geophysics, 42(1999), p. 117-134.

Nugraha P., Supriyadi, Yulianti I., 2016. Estimation of Subsurface Structure of Semarang City Based on Satellite Imagery Gravity Anomaly Data. Unnes Physics Journal, 5(2), p. 37-41.

Nugraha, G.U., Handayani, L., Lubis, R.F., Wardhana, D.D., Gaol, K.L., 2020. Basement Characteristics of Jakarta Groundwater Basin Based On Satellite Gravimetry Data. Indonesian Journal of Geography, 52(1), p. 42-52.

Putri, D.R., Nanda, M., Rizal, S., Idroes, R., Ismail, N., 2019. Interpretation of Gravity Satellite Data to Delineate Structural Features Connected to Geothermal Resources at Bur Ni Geureudong Geothermal Field. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 364(2019) 012003, p. 1-6.

Quesnel, Y., Langlais, B., Sotin, C., Galdeano, A., 2008. Modelling and Inversion of Local Magnetic Anomalies. Journal of Geophysical Engineering, 5(2008), p. 387–400.

Ramadhan, F., 2020. Geology and Purwokerto-Purbalingga Groundwater Basin Modeling. Bachelor's Thesis at Dept. of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Jenderal Soedirman University Purwokerto, p. 68-70.

Sandwell, D.T., and Smith, W.H.F., 1997. Marine Gravity Anomaly from Geosat and ERS 1 Satellite Altimetry. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102(B5), p. 10039-10054.

Sandwell, D.T., and Smith, W.H.F., 2009. Global Marine Gravity from Retracked GEOSAT and ERS‐1 Altimetry: Ridge Segmentation versus Spreading Rate. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(B1), p. 1-18.

Sedlak, J., Gnojek, I., Scheibe, R., and Zabadal, S., 2009. Gravity Response of Igneous Rocks in the Northwestern Part of the Bohemian Massif. Journal of Geosciences, 54(2009), p. 325-342.

Sehah, Prabowo, U.N., and Raharjo, S.A., 2021. Utilization of Satellite Image Gravity Anomalies for Qualitative Interpretation of the Purwokerto-Purbalingga Groundwater Basin. Proceedings of the National Seminar and Call for Papers: "Sustainable Development of Rural Resources and Local Wisdom XI", Section 7 - Natural Sciences (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology), p. 1-12.

Sehah, Prabowo, U.N., Raharjo, S.A., and Ariska, L., 2022. Power Spectrum Analysis of the Satellite Gravity Anomalies Data to Estimate the Thickness of Sediment Deposits in the Purwokerto-Purbalingga Groundwater Basin. Advances in Physics Research, 5(2022), p. 109-117.

Setiadi, I., Widod, J., and Nainggolan, T.B., 2021. Geological Interpretation of Offshore Central Sumatra Basin Using Topex Satellite Gravity Data. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 944 012034, p. 1-8.

Suprianto, A., Achmad, H., Supriyadi, A., Priyantari, N., 2022. Utilization of Satellite Gravity Data to Modeling the Sub-Surface Structures of Mount Lamongan and Surroundings. AIP Conference Proceedings 2663(1):040004.

Tabrani, 1985. Hydrogeological Map of Indonesia of Quadrangles of Pekalongan (Java). Geological Research and Development Center (PSG). Bandung.

Telford W.M., Gedaart L.P., Sheriff R.E. 1990. Applied Geophysics. Cambridge. New York. 770 pp.

Nhu, T.N., Lee, S.M., and Que, B.C., 2004. Satellite Gravity Anomalies and Their Correlation with the Major Tectonic Features in the South China Sea. Gondwana Research, 7(2), p. 407-424.

Xie, X., Xu, C., Wen, Y., Li, W., 2018. Monitoring Groundwater Storage Changes in the Loess Plateau Using GRACE Satellite Gravity Data, Hydrological Models and Coal Mining Data. Remote Sensing, 10, 605, p. 1-18.

Yanis M., Marwan, dan Kamalia N., 2019. Application of Sattelite Geosat and ERS as an Alternative Method of Measuring Gravity Ground in Hydrocarbon Basin on Timor Island. Majalah Geografi Indonesia, 33(2), p. 64-68.

Zahorec, P., Papco, J., 2018. Estimation of Bouguer Correction Density Based on Underground and Surface Gravity Measurements and Precise Modelling of Topographic Effects – Two Case Studies from Slovakia. Sciendo. Contributions to Geophysics and Geodesy, 48(4), p. 319-336.

Zhang, J., Zhong, B., Zhou, X., Dai, Y., 2001. Gravity Anomalies of 2-D Bodies with Variable Density Contrast. Geophysics, 66(3), p. 809–813.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.72466

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1474 | views : 549

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Sehah Sehah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 225/E/KPT/2022, Vol 54 No 1 the Year 2022 - Vol 58 No 2 the Year 2026 (accreditation certificate download)

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

Web
Analytics IJG STATISTIC