Analysis of Land subsidencein coastal and urban areas by using various techniques– Literature Review

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.83675

Smruti Ranjan Sahu(1), Kishan Singh Rawat(2*)

(1) Civil Engineering department, Graphic Era (Deemed to be University), Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
(2) Civil Engineering department, Graphic Era (Deemed to be University), Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Over the past several decades, subsidence has emerged as a significant issue affecting urban, coastal, and mining areas worldwide. This phenomenon has been exacerbated by a decrease in groundwater resources, which has become a major problem on a global scale. Insufficient availability of surface water has led to excessive exploitation of the earth's groundwater system through unplanned processes. As a result, serious problems have arisen, including economic challenges, hazardous activities, and damage to the Earth's surface. One of the most significant and impactful consequences of excessive groundwater extraction is land subsidence. During a comprehensive literature review focusing on land displacement, 40 research papers were analyzed and discussed. These studies explored various techniques employed to monitor subsidence, such as synthetic aperture radar (SAR), interferometry synthetic aperture radar (InSAR), persistent scatterer interferometry synthetic aperture radar (PS-InSAR), and differential synthetic aperture radar (D-InSAR). Researchers have consistently found a strong correlation between the over extraction of underground fluids, such as water, oil, and gas, and land subsidence. One prominent cause of land subsidence identified by researchers is the over extraction of underground fluids. When excessive amounts of water, oil, or gas are extracted from underground reservoirs, the resulting voids and reduced pressure cause the overlying land to sink and compact. This process can have severe consequences for human settlements, infrastructure, and ecosystems in affected areas. The depletion of groundwater reserves, in particular, has become a pressing concern because of its vital role in supporting agricultural, industrial, and domestic water needs.Furthermore, the underground construction of tunnels has also been identified as a significant contributor to land subsidence. The excavation of tunnels creates voids and alters the natural balance of underground structures, leading to ground settlement and subsidence. This issue is particularly relevant in urban areas where extensive tunneling projects are undertaken to facilitate transportation, utilities, and infrastructure development. To monitor and assess land subsidence, various methods and processes are employed. SAR, InSAR, PS-InSAR, and D-InSAR techniques are valuable tools in this regard. SAR uses satellite-based radar systems to capture high-resolution images of the Earth's surface, enabling the detection of subtle changes over time. In contrast, InSAR employs two or more radar images to measure ground deformation by analyzing interference patterns. PS-InSAR focuses on persistent scatterers, which are specific targets that exhibit stable radar reflections over time, providing precise measurements of subsidence. D-InSAR combines two radar images acquired at different times to accurately calculate differential ground movements. By using advanced monitoring methods, scientists can assess the extent of subsidence and develop strategies to mitigate its negative impacts. It is crucial to adopt sustainable practices and ensure careful management of groundwater resources to effectively address this pressing issue.


Keywords


Land subsidence; underground water; urbanization;natural hazards

Full Text:

PDF


References

Ahmed, A. W. Kalkan, E. Guzy, A. Alacali, M. Malinowska, A. (2020).Modeling of land subsidence caused by groundwater withdrawal in Konya Closed Basin, TurkeyProc. IAHSPIAHS 382-397, 401, Copernicus Publications, 2199-899X, DOI - 10.5194/piahs-382-397-2020.

Andreas, Heri&Abidin, Hasanuddin Z. &Gumilar, Irwan&Sidiq, Teguh&Yuwono, Bambang. (2017). Adaptation and mitigation of land subsidence in Semarang. AIP Conference Proceedings. 1857. 060005. 10.1063/1.4987088.

AnuphaoAobpaet, Miguel Caro Cuenca, Andrew Hooper &ItthiTrisirisatayawong (2013). InSAR time-series analysis of land subsidence in Bangkok, Thailand, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 34:8, 2969-2982, DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2012.756596

Banerjee, S., Sikdar, P.K (2020). Land Subsidence due to Leakage of Aquitard-aquifer Pore Water in an Under-construction Tunnel of East-West Metro Railway Project, Kolkata. J Geol Soc India 96, 467–474. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-020-1584-z.

Bhattacharya, Amartya & Kumar, Debasish. (2012). Land Subsidence in South Calcutta. International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences. 10.

Chatterjee, R.S., Thapa, S., Singh, K.B. (2015). Detecting, mapping and monitoring of land subsidence in Jharia Coalfield, Jharkhand, India by spaceborne differential interferometric SAR, GPS and precision levelling techniques. J Earth SystSci 124, 1359–1376. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-015-0606-5.

Chen, Mi, Roberto Tomás, Zhenhong Li, Mahdi Motagh, Tao Li, Leyin Hu, Huili Gong, Xiaojuan Li, Jun Yu, and Xulong Gong. (2016). "Imaging Land Subsidence Induced by Groundwater Extraction in Beijing (China) Using Satellite Radar Interferometry" Remote Sensing 8, no. 6: 468. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs8060468.

Darwish, N.; Kaiser, M.; Koch, M.; Gaber, A. (2021). Assessing the Accuracy of ALOS/PALSAR-2 and Sentinel-1 Radar Images in Estimating the Land Subsidence of Coastal Areas: A Case Study in Alexandria City, Egypt. Remote Sens., 13, 1838. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13091838.

Faunt, Claudia & Sneed, Michelle &Traum, Jon & Brandt, Justin. (2015). Water availability and land subsidence in the Central Valley, California, USA. Hydrogeology Journal. 24. 10.1007/s10040-015-1339-x.

Galloway, Devin & Bawden, Gerald & Leake, Stanley & Honegger, DG. (2008). Land subsidence hazards. Landslide and land subsidence hazards to pipelines. US GeolSurv Open-File Rep. 1164.

Holzer, T.L. and Galloway, D.L. (2005) Impacts of Land Subsidence Caused by Withdrawal of Underground Fluids in the United States. Reviews in Engineering Geology, XVI, 87-99.https://doi.org/10.1130/2005.4016(08)

Holzer, Thomas & Galloway, Devin. (2005). Impacts of land subsidence caused by withdrawal of underground fluids in the United States. Humans as geologic agents. 16. 87. 10.1130/2005.4016(08).

Hu, Beibei& Zhou, Jun & Wang, Jun & Chen, Zhenlou& Wang, Dongqi& Xu, Shiyuan. (2009). Risk assessment of land subsidence at Tianjin coastal area in China. Environmental earth sciences. 59. 269-276. 10.1007/s12665-009-0024-6.

Intui, Sutasinee&Inazumi, Shinya &Soralump, Suttisak. (2022). Evaluation of Land Subsidence during Groundwater Recovery. Applied Sciences. 12. 7904. 10.3390/app12157904.

Kakar, Najeebullah& Khan, Abdul & Khan, Shuhab&Kakar, Din. (2016). Land Subsidence Caused by Groundwater Exploitation in Quetta Valley, Pakistan. International Journal of Economic and Environmental Geology. 7. 10-19.

Khan J, Ren X, Hussain MA, Jan MQ (2022). Monitoring Land Subsidence Using PS-InSAR Technique in Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Remote Sensing; 14(15):3722. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14153722.

Kirui, P., Oiro, S., Waithaka, H. (2022). Detection, characterization, and analysis of land subsidence in Nairobi using InSAR. Nat Hazards 113, 213–236. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-022-05296-w.

Kumar, S., Kumar, D., Donta, P.K. (2022). Land subsidence prediction using recurrent neural networks. Stoch Environ Res Risk Assess 36, 373–388. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00477-021-02138-2.

L.E. Erban, S.M. Gorelick, H.A. Zebker (2014). Groundwater extraction, land subsidence, and sea-level rise in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, Environ. Res. Lett., 9 (8), Article 084010.

L.E. Erban, S.M. Gorelick, H.A. Zebker, S. Fendorf (2013). Release of arsenic to deep groundwater in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, linked to pumping-induced land subsidenceProc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 110 (34), pp. 13751-13756.

Liu, Su-Ping & Shi, Bin &Gu, Kai & Zhang, Cheng-Cheng & Yang, Ji-Long & Zhang, Song & Yang, Peng. (2020). Land subsidence monitoring in sinking coastal areas using distributed fiber optic sensing: a case study. Natural Hazards. 103. 10.1007/s11069-020-04118-1.

Lixin, Yi & Fang, Zhang & He, Xu &Shijie, Chen & Wei, Wang &Qiang, Yu. (2011). Land subsidence in Tianjin, China. Environmental Earth Sciences. 62. 1151-1161. 10.1007/s12665-010-0604-5.

Ma K, Zhang Y, Ruan M, Guo J, Chai T. (2019). Land Subsidence in a Coal Mining Area Reduced Soil Fertility and Led to Soil Degradation in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions. Int J Environ Res Public Health; 16(20):3929. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16203929. PMID: 31623103; PMCID: PMC6843680.

Martin, Reinard&Kurniawan, A &Wijaya, Fauzi& Muhammad, Iqbal &Fauzi, N &Nugroho, Eka. (2022). the effect of land subsidence on hydrodynamic conditions in Pekalongan coast. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 1065. 10.1088/1755-1315/1065/1/012009.

Martinez-Noguez, I. and Hinkelmann, R. (2015). “Land subsidence caused by a single water extraction well and rapid water infiltration”, <i>Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences</i>, vol. 372, pp. 33–38, 2015. doi:10.5194/piahs-372-33-2015.

Mondal, Sonjay&Chakravarty, Debashish&Bandyopadhyay, Jatisankar&Maiti, Kunal. (2016). Identification of Land Subsidence and Management Using Cadastral Techniques, Mining Area of Raniganj, Barddhaman District, India. Energy and Environment Research. 6. 52. 10.5539/eer.v6n2p52.

Pallav Kumar Shrestha, Narendra Man Shakya, Vishnu Prasad Pandey, Stephen J. Birkinshaw&Sangam Shrestha (2017) Model-based estimation of land subsidence in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, 8:2, 974-996, DOI: 10.1080/19475705.2017.1289985.

Phienwej N.; Giao, P.H.; Nutalaya, P (2005). Land subsidence in Bangkok, Thailand
Engineering Geology82 (4):187-2012006ISSN/ ISBN: 0013-7952DOI: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.10.004.

Putri, Ratih&Abadi, Aji&Rakhmatika, Mega. (2021). A Review Disaster Mitigation of Jakarta Land Subsidence Areas. E3S Web of Conferences. 325. 01002. 10.1051/e3sconf/202132501002.

Reshi, A.R., Sandhu, H.A.S., Cherubini, C., Tripathi, A., (2023). Estimating land subsidence and gravimetric anomaly induced by aquifer overexploitation in the Chandigarh tri-city region, India by coupling remote sensing with a deep learning neural network model. Water, (IF=3.5). https://doi.org/10.3390/w15061206.

Sahu, P., Sikdar, P.K. (2011). Threat of land subsidence in and around Kolkata City and East Kolkata Wetlands, West Bengal, India. J Earth SystSci 120, 435–446. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-011-0077-2.

Strozzi, T. &Wegmüller, U. & Tosi, Luigi &Bitelli, Gabriele &Spreckels, Volker. (2001). Land subsidence monitoring with differential SAR interferometry. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing. 67. 1261-1270.

Sun, H., Grandstaff, D. &Shagam, R (1999). Land subsidence due to groundwater withdrawal: potential damage of subsidence and sea level rise in southern New Jersey, USA. Environmental Geology 37, 290–296 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/s002540050386.

Tripathi, A., Reshi, A.R., Moniruzzaman, M., Tiwari, R.K., Rahaman, K.R.R., & Malik, K., (2022). Interoperability of C‑band Sentinel‑1 SAR and GRACE satellite sensors on PSInSAR‑based urban surface subsidence mapping of Varanasi, India. IEEE Sensors. (IF= 4.325). http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2022.3208117.

Wang, Ya-Qiong& Wang, Zhi-Feng & Cheng, Jason Wen-chieh. (2018). A review on land subsidence caused by groundwater withdrawal in Xi’an, China. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. 78. 10.1007/s10064-018-1278-6.

Xu, Yeshuang& Ma, Lei & Du, Yan & Shen, Shui-Long. (2012). Analysis of urbanisation-induced land subsidence in Shanghai. Natural Hazards. 63. 10.1007/s11069-012-0220-7.

Xu, Yeshuang& Ma, Lei & Shen, Shui-Long & Sun, Wenjuan. (2012). Evaluation of land subsidence by considering underground structures that penetrate the aquifers of Shanghai, China. Hydrogeology Journal. 20. 10.1007/s10040-012-0892-9.

Xu, Yeshuang& Shen, Shui-Long & Ren, Dong-Jie& Wu, Huai-Na. (2016). Analysis of Factors in Land Subsidence in Shanghai: A View Based on a Strategic Environmental Assessment. Sustainability. 8. 573. 10.3390/su8060573.

Xue, Yiguo& Chen, Hong & Kong, Fanmeng& Li, Zhiqiang&Qiu, Daohong& Chen, Qiqi& Yang, Fan & Jiang, Xudong. (2022). Land subsidence calculation model under the coupling effect of groundwater and coal mining. Earth Science Informatics. 10.1007/s12145-022-00855-y.

Yuan, W., Wang, Q., Fan, J., and Li, H. (2017). MINING LAND SUBSIDENCE MONITORING USING SENTINEL-1 SAR DATA, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-2/W7, 655–658, https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W7-655-2017, 2017.

Zhang, Youquan& Gong, Huili&Gu, Zhaoqin& Wang, Rong& Li, Xiaojuan& Zhao, Wen. (2014). Characterization of land subsidence induced by groundwater withdrawals in the plain of Beijing city, China. Hydrogeology Journal. 22. 10.1007/s10040-013-1069-x.

Zhu, Lin & Gong, Huili&Teatini, Pietro & Li, Xiaojuan& Wang, Rong& Chen, Beibei& Dai, Zhenxue. (2015). Land Subsidence due to groundwater withdrawal in the northern Beijing plain, China. Engineering Geology. 193. 10.1016/j.enggeo.2015.04.020.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.83675

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 423 | views : 652

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 Kishan Singh Rawat, Smruti Ranjan Sahu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 225/E/KPT/2022, Vol 54 No 1 the Year 2022 - Vol 58 No 2 the Year 2026 (accreditation certificate download)

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

Web
Analytics IJG STATISTIC