The Effectiveness of Wenner-Schlumberger and Dipole-dipole Array of 2D Geoelectrical Survey to Detect The Occurring of Groundwater in the Gunung Kidul Karst Aquifer System, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Doni Prakasa Eka Putra(1*), Oktanius Richard Hermawan(2)

(1) Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
(2) Geological Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
(*) Corresponding Author


Until today, geoelectrical survey is the most effective method for groundwater exploration. 2D method or known as horizontal profiling is now the most appropriate method in the geoelectrical survey compare to vertical electrical sounding method. The 2D method of Wenner-Schlumberger and Dipole-dipole configuration proved to be very effective to locate conventional aquifer occurrence on volcanic terrain or sedimentary terrain. Karst aquifer system is an unconventional aquifer and acts very differ in contrast with the conventional sedimentary aquifer. Heterogeneity and discontinuity of limestones in karst terrain will reveal a wide variety of resistivities, hence it is difficult to interpret. This research has important objective to define the effectiveness of the Wenner-Schlumberger and Dipole-dipole configuration in the 2D geoelectrical survey to explore groundwater in the karst area. Field observation of geology and 2D geoelectrical survey were conducted in underground river of Kali Suci Area, Gunung Kidul. In Kali Suci where an endokarst cave was occured on the surface, line survey was placed in the top of the cave and across the geometry of the cave. Measured stratigraphy in the wall of the cave found four types of limestone which consist of packstone, wackestone, grainstone and crystalline limestone. The Wenner-Schlumberger and Dipole-dipole method can detect differentiation of limestone types and also the exposed underground river successfully. However, compared to Wenner-Schlumberger array, Dipole-dipole array reveals less vertical accuration.. Therefore, on this research, the best method to detect water saturated zone or gourndwater in the karst system is the Wenner-Schlumberger method.


2D geoelectrical survey · Wenner-Schlumberger method · Dipole-dipole method · Karst aquifer · Gunung Kidul · Indonesia.

Full Text:



Hastuti, M.S. (2015) Geokimia Air Tanah Kawasan Karst di Gunung Kidul, Skripsi, Departemen Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta (Not published).

Kirsch, R., (Ed). (2009) Groundwater Geophysics: A Tool For Hydrogeology, Springer, Berlin.

Kusumayudha, S.B., (2000) Hidrogeologi Karst dan Geometri Fraktal di Daerah Gunung Sewu, Adicita Karya Nusa, Yogyakarta.

Kusumayudha, S.B. (2004) Mengenal Hidrogeologi Karst, Yogyakarta, Pusat Studi Karst, Yogyakarta.

Loke, M.H. (2000) Electrical Imaging Surveys for Environmental and Engineering Studies : A Practical Guide to 2D & 3D Surveys.

MacDonald & Partners (1984) Greater Yogyakarta Groundwater Resources Study, Overseas Development Administration London, Directorate General of Water Resources Development Project (P2AT), Ministry of Public Works, Goverment of the Republic of Indonesia.

Nugroho, B., and Sukiyah, E. (2016) PhysicalMechanical Characteristics of Limestone and Underground Rivers Mapping to Support the Development of Micro-Hydro Installation in Karst Land Forms Case Study: Cave Seropan, Gunung Kidul, Indonesia., FIG Working Week 2016, Christchurch.

Stevanovi´c, Z. (2014) Karst Aquifers: Characterization and Engineering, Springer, Swiss. Surono, Toha, B., and Sudarno. I. (1992) Peta Geologi Lembar Surakarta-Giritontro, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi, Bandung.

Van Bemmelen, R.W. 1949. The Geology of Indonesia Vol 1A, Government Printing Office, The Hauge, Amsterdam.

Zhou, W., Beck, F., and Adams, A. (2002) Effective Electrode Array in Mapping Karst Hazards In Electrical Resistivity Tomography, Annealing Optimization for Inversion of First Arrival Times. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America vol.84 (5), pp. 1397-1409.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 3514 | views : 2078


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Doni Prakasa Eka Putra, Oktanius Richard Hermawan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Applied Geology Indexed by:


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.