Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals Contaminated Soil in Artisanal Gold Mining at Selogiri, Wonogiri District, Central Java, Indonesia

Bambang Suryo Madyo Pranoto(1), Wawan Budianta(2*)

(1) Geological Engineering Departement, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Geological Engineering Departement, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Artisanal gold mining (ASGM) is commonly found in Indonesia, particularly in Wonogiri District, Central Java. One of the impacts of ASGM activity is soil contamination influence by mining waste. The objective of this study to investigate the potential use of Amaranthus spinosus L. and Jatropha curcas for remediation of Pb and As in contaminated soil. Phytoremediation experiment was conducted by using Amaranthus spinosus L. and Jatropha curcas and evaluate the effectiveness of both plants as a hyperaccumulator. The result shows that the higher Pb and As concentration was found in roots rather than shoots in both plants, however, the use of Jatropha curcas seems more effective on reducing Pb and As concentrations more than Amaranthus spinosus L in both shoots and roots. Generally, the use of both hyperaccumulator plants was more effective in Pb remediation compared to As. This phytoremediation experiment revealed that the use of both hyperaccumulator plants reduces the concentrations of Pb and As in contaminated soil, which of the critical point leading to the entry of Pb and As into the food chain.


phytoremediation; soil; metals; artisanal; mining

Full Text:



Alloway B.J, 1995, Heavy Metals in Soils, 2nd edition.Blackie and Sons, Glasgow.

Aspinall C, 2001, Small-scale mining in Indonesia. International Institute for Environment and Development, Mining Minerals and Sustainable Development Report, Jakarta.

Álvarez-Mateos P, Alés-Álvarez F.J, García-Martín J.F, 2019, Phytoremediation of highly contaminated mining soils by Jatropha curcas L. and production of catalytic carbons from the generated biomass, Journal of Environmental Management 231, 886-895.

Appleton, J.D, Weeks, J.M., Calvez, J.P.S., Beinhoff, C, 2006, Impacts of mercury contaminated mining waste on soil quality, crops, bivalves, and fish in the Naboc River area, Mindanao, Philippines, Science Total Environment 354, 198–211.

Chang F.C, Ko C.H, Tsai M.J, Wang Y.N, Chung C.Y, 2014, Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil by Jatropha Curcas, Ecotoxicology 23:1969–1978.

Datta, R., Quispe, M. A., Sarkar, D. (2011) Greenhouse study on the phytoremediation potential of vetiver grass, Chrysopogon zizanioides L., in arsenic-contaminated soils, Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 86(1), 124128.

Doran, J.W. and Zeiss, M.R, 2000, Soil health and sustainability: managing the biotic component of soil quality, Applied Soil Ecology 15, 3–11.

Gonzalez-Chavez, M. D. C. A., Carrillo-Gonzalez, R., Hernandez Godinez, M.I., and EvangelistaLozano, S, 2017, Jatropha curcasand assisted phytoremediation of a mine tailing with bio-char and a mycorrhizal fungus, International Journal of Phytoremediation, 19, 174-182.

Harijoko, A., Htun, T.M., Saputra, R., Warmada, I.W., Setijadji, L.D., Imai, A., Watanabe, K., 2010, Mercury and arsenic contamination from small scale gold mining activities at Selogiri area, Central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Applied Geology 2: 56-69.

Majid, N.M., Islam, M.M., and Riasmi, Y. 2012, Heavy metal uptake and translocation by Jatrophacurcas L. in sawdust sludge contaminated soils, Australian Journal Crop Science 6(5), 891–898.

Molina, JA, Oyarzun, R, Esbrí, JM., Higueras, P, 2006, Mercury accumulation in soil sand plants in the Almadén mining district, Spain, one of the most contaminated sites on Earth, Environmental Geochemistry and Health 28, 487–498.

Raskin, I and Ensley, B.D. (Eds), 2000, Phytoremediation of toxic metals: using plants to clean up the environment. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Soe, M. T., 2005. Geology and Gold-Copper mineralization at Selogiri area, Wonogiri Regency, Central Java, Indonesia, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Master Degree Thesis (unpublished).

Wedepohl, K.H., 1995, The composition of the continental crust, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (7), 1217–1232.

Ziarati P, Alaedini S, 2014, The Phytoremediation Technique for Cleaning up Contaminated Soil by Amaranthus sp, Journal of Environmental Analytical Toxicology 4:208.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2408 | views : 2260


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Bambang Suryo Madyo Pranoto, Wawan Budianta

Journal of Applied Geology Indexed by:


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.