Aktivitas fisik dengan penyakit jantung koroner di Indonesia


Diyan Yunanto Setyaji(1*), Yayi Suryo Prabandari(2), I Made Alit Gunawan(3)

(1) Program Studi Sarjana Gizi, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Panti Rapih
(2) Departemen Ilmu Perilaku, Lingkungan dan Sosial Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Jurusan Gizi, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is responsible for a substantial amount of early deaths, reduced quality of life and significant costs to the health and social care system. More than 3/4 CHD cases can prevented by lifestyle changes and focus on earlier risk factors management. Physical activity become a reference for the most important of primary and secondary prevention.

Objective: To determine the relationship between physical activity and coronary heart disease in Indonesia.

Method: This study used a cross-sectional design. Coronary heart disease’s history, physical activity, age, sex, economic status and consumption of fatty food were obtained from Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2013. Riskesdas 2013 used multistage cluster sampling. Subject in this study was 374.506 women and 347.823 men above 15 years old in Indonesia who answered the coronary heart disease questions which was selected purposively. Data was analyzed by using descriptive analysis, Chi-Square and multiple logistic regression.

Results: Those who did not perform vigorous-intensity physical activity or who only did it less than 80 minutes per week had a higher prevalence of CHD than those who were more active  [2.63 (2.44-2.86); p=0.00].

Conclusion: Physical activity had a significant association with CHD events in people above 15 years old in Indonesia. 


coronary heart disease; physical activity; riskesdas

Full Text:



  1. Lichtenstein AH. Atherosclerosis. Dalam: Caballero B, ed. Encyclopedia of food sciences and nutrition. New York: Academic Press; 2003.
  2. Kelley K, Kemple A, Rush C, Sarliker SE. Coronary heart disease. Washington: Washington State Department of Health; 2013.
  3. O’Brien K. Living dangerously: Australians with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare; 2005.
  4. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2013.
  5. Perk J, De Backer G, Gohlke H, Graham I, Reiner Z, Zannad F, et al. European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (version 2012). The fifth joint task force of the European Society of Cardiology and other societies on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (constituted by representatives of nine societies and by invited experts). Eur Heart J 2012;33(13):1635-701.
  6. Krummel DA. Medical nutrition therapy in cardiovaskuler disease. Dalam: Mahan LK, Escott-stump S. Krause’s food, nutrition, and diet therapy. 12th edition. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company; 2008.
  7. Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, Dans T, Avezum A, Lanas F, et al. Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet 2004;364:937-52
  8. Mann J. Penyakit kardiovaskuler. Dalam: Gibney MJ, Margetts BM, Kearney JM, ed. Gizi kesehatan masyarakat. Andry Hartono (Alih bahasa). Jakarta: EGC; 2009.
  9. Huffman FG, Nath S. Coronary heart disease: prevention. Dalam: Caballero B, ed. Encyclopedia of food sciences and nutrition. New York: Academic Press; 2003.
  10. Warren TY, Barry V, Hooker SP, Sui X, Church TS, Blair SN. Sedentary behaviors increase risk of cardiovascular disease mortality in men. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2010;42(5):879-85.
  11. Nocon M, Hiemann T, Müller-Riemenschneider F, Thalau F, Roll S, Willich SN. Association of physical activity with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2008;15(3):239-46.
  12. Richardson CR, Kriska AM, Lantz PM, Hayward RA. Physical activity and mortality across cardiovascular disease risk groups. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2004;36(11):1923-9.
  13. Schnohr P, Scharling H, Jensen JS. Intensity versus duration of walking, impact on mortality: the Copenhagen City Heart Study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2007;14:72-8.
  14. Taylor RS, Brown A, Ebrahim S, Jolliffe J, Noorani H, Oldridge N, et al. Exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Med 2004;116(10):682-92.
  15. Sesso HD, Paffenbarger RS Jr, Lee IM. Physical activity and coronary heart disease in men: The Harvard Alumni Health Study. Circulation 2000;102(9):975-80.
  16. Nicklett EJ, Semba RD, Xue QL, Tian J, Sun K, Fried LP, et al. Fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity, and mortality in older community-dwelling women. J Am Geriatr Soc 2012;60(5):862-68.
  17. Di Francescomarino S, Sciartilli A, Di Valerio V, Di Baldassarre A, Gallina S. The effect of physical exercise on endothelial function. Sports Med 2009;39(10):797-812.
  18. Lippi G, Maffulli N. Biological influence of physical exercise on hemostasis. Semin Thromb Hemost 2009;35:269-76.
  19. Huffman FG, Koutoubi S, Nath S. Coronary heart disease: etiology and risk factor. Dalam: Caballero B, ed. Encyclopedia of food sciences and nutrition. New York: Academic Press; 2003.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.26502

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 23388 | views : 37718


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:

web stats View My Stats