REFORMASI EKONOMI MIKRO DAN KORPORATISASI: SEBUAH KERANGKA PEMIKIRAN

https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.39940

D. H. Wibowo(1*), A. R. Karseno(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Tolok ukur keberhasilan perusahaan dibedakan dalam keberhasilan total dan
parsial. Di sisi lain, ukuran efisiensi dibedakan atas efisiensi produktif dan alokatif.
Ukuran-ukuran tersebut akan beruariasi apabila struktur pasar menyimpang dari
kondisi pasar persaingan sempurna. Dalam banyak kasus, perusahaan milik negara
atau BUMN berada pada kondisi monopoli natural atau bentuk "market failure"
yang lain. Makalah ini membahas berbagai syarat tambahan atau alternatif untuk
mengukur keberhasilan BUMN yang mengandung unsur kegagalan pasar (market
failure) di dalamnya. Dalam pembahasan, makalah ini menggunakan berbagai
contoh pembanding di Australia dan Selandia Baru.


Keywords


efisiensi produktif, efisiensi alokatif, market failure, korporatisasi

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.39940

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