ADAKAH PERUBAHAN KONSENTRASI SPASIAL INDUSTRI MANUFAKTUR DI INDONESIA, 1976-2001?

https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.6605

Mudrajad Kuncoro(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Although a number of economists and business strategists have recently become more
interested in spatial analysis, very few has examined the phenomena of regional clustering in Indonesia using regional data. This paper explores to what extent the unequal geographic distribution of manufacturing activities in Indonesia has persisted or changed over time. The Theil’s entropy index is proved useful to highlight the uneven geographic distribution in Indonesia. First, we find that Indonesia constitutes an extreme case of geographic concentration. Second, the entropy between islands has played a prominent role in explaining the spatial inequality across provinces in Indonesia. Third, the pattern of spatial inequality formed a “U” curve suggesting a period of dispersing manufacturing activity has been replaced by a period of increasing geographic concentration. Fourth, the Chow tests confirm that structural change has occurred from 1985 onwards. Our findings challenge the general consensus in the new economic geography that trade liberalization encourages dispersing manufacturing activity.

 


Keywords


geographic concentration, Theil’s entropy, structural shift, trade liberalization

Full Text:

PDF


References

Aswicahyono, H. H., Bird, K., & Hill, H. 1996. What happens to industrial structure when countries liberalise? Indonesia since the mid-1980s. Journal of Development Studies, 32(3), 340-363.


Aziz, Iwan Jaya. 1994. Ilmu Ekonomi Regional dan Beberapa Aplikasinya di Indonesia (Regional Economics and Its Some Applications in Indonesia). Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia.


Brulhart, Marius. 1998. Economic Geography, Industry Location and Trade: The Evidence. The World Economy, 21(6): 775-801.


Brulhart, Marius. 1998. Trading places: Industrial specialization in the European Union. Journal of Common Market Studies, 36(3): 319-46.


Carlino, Gerald A. 1998. Trends in Metro-politan Employment Growth. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, July/ August: 13-21.

Garcia, Jorge Garcia. 2000. Indonesia's Trade and Price Interventions: Pro-Java and Pro-Urban. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 36(3): 93-112.


Garrison, C.B & A.S. Paulson. 1973. An Entropy Measure of the Geographic Concentration of Economic Activity. Economic Geography, 49(3): 319-24.


Greene, William H. 1997. Econometric Analysis. 3rd edition ed. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall, Inc.


Gujarati, Damodar. 1995. Basic Econometrics. 3rd edition ed. New York: Mc-Graw Hill, Inc.
Hanson, Gordon H. 1998. Regional Adjustment to trade Liberalization. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 28: 419-44.


Hill, Hal. 1996. The Indonesian Economy Since 1966: Southeast Asia's Emerging Giants. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Hill, Hal, editor. 1989. Unity and Diversity: Regional Economic Development in Indonesia since 1970. Singapore: Oxford University Press.


Hoover, E. 1936. The Measurement of Industrial Localization. Review of Economics and Statistics, XVIII: 162-71.


Hoyle, B. S. (Ed.). 1974. Spatial Aspects of Development. London: John Wiley & Sons.
Isard, Walter. 1960. Methods of Regional Analysis: An Introduction to Regional Science. Cambridge and London: M.I.T Press.


Keeble, David. 1976. Industrial Location and Planning in the United Kingdom. London: Methuen & Co Ltd.


Kim, Sukkoo. 1995. Expansion of Markets and the Geographic Distribution of Economic Activities: The Trends in U.S Regional Manufacturing Structure, 1860-1987.

Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110: 881-908.
Kim, Sukkoo. 1999. Regions, Resources, and Economic Geography: Sources of U.S. Regional Comparative Advantage, 1880-1987. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 29: 1-32.


Krugman, P. 1991. Geography and Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press.


Krugman, Paul. 1995. Development, Geo-graphy, and Economic Theory. Cambridge and London: The MIT Press.


Kuncoro, Mudrajad. 1996. The Nature and Impacts of Financial Reforms: Some Lessons from Chile and Indonesia. Indonesian Economic Journal, August: 8-39.


Kuncoro, Mudrajad. 2000. The Economics of Industrial Agglomeration and Clustering, 1976-1996: The Case of Indonesia (Java). unpublished PhD dissertation. Melboune: University of Melbourne.


Kuncoro, Mudrajad. 2002. Analisis Spasial dan Regional: Studi Aglomerasi dan Kluster Industri Indonesia. Jogjakarta: UPP AMP YKPN.


Kuncoro, Mudrajad. 2004. Otonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah: Reformasi, Peren-canaan, Strategi, dan Peluang. Jakarta: Erlangga.


Kuncoro, Mudrajad, Subarkah, Johan, Djatmiko, Bambang Agung, Puspito, Kusumo, Wardani Ekoningtyas Margu, Djani, Rahayu Wulan, & Supomo, Irwan A. 2004. Domestic Regulatory Constraints to Labor Intensive Manufacturing Exports, Report for GIAT-USAID, Jogjakarta: Pusat Studi Asia Pasifik UGM


Lilien, David M., Richard Startz, Scott Ellsworth, Jaesun Noh, & Robert Engle. 1995. EViews User Guide. Irvine, California: Quantitative Micro Software.


Malecki, Edward J. 1991. Technology and Economic Development: the Dynamics of

Local, Regional, and National Change. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


Nasution, Anwar. 1991. Recent Economic Reform. The Indonesian Quarterly, XIX(1): 12-26.


Ohmae, Kenichi. 1995. The End of the Nation State: The Rise of Regional Economies. London: Harper Collins.


Ottaviano, Gianmarco L.P & Diego Puga. 1998. Agglomeration in the Global Economy: A Survey of the 'New Economic Geography'. The World Economy, 21(6): 707-32.


Rodriguez-Pose, Andres. 1998. The Dynamics of Regional Growth in Europe: Social and Political Factors. Oxford: Clarendon Press.


Ros, Jaime. 1995. Trade Liberalization with Real Appreciation and Slow Growth: Sustainability issues in Mexico's trade policy reform.In Helleiner, G.K., editor, Manufacturing for Export in the Developing World: Problems and Possibilities. London & New York: Routledge.


Schmitz, Hubert. 1995. Small Shoemakers and Fordist Giants: A Tale of a Supercluster. World Development, 23(1): 9-28.


Semple, R.K. 1973. Recent Trends in the Spatial Concentration of Corporate Headquarters. Economic Geography, 49(4): 309-18.

Theil, Henri. 1989. The Development of International Inequality, 1960-1985. Journal of Econometrics, 42: 145-55.


Theil, Henri. 1967. Economics and Information Theory. New York/Amsterdam: American Elsevier-North Holland Publishing Company.


Theil, Henri & Dongling Chen. 1996. The Geographic Distribution of Gross World Product, 1950-1990. In Theil, Henri, Dongling Chen, Kenneth Clements, & Charless Moss, editors, Studies in Global Econometrics. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Theil, Henri & Yoram Fiedman. 1973. Regional Per Capita Incomes and Income Inequalities: Point Estimates and Their Standard Errors. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 68: 513-39.


WB. 1996. Indonesia Dimension of Growth. Washington DC: Country Department III-East Asia and Pacific Region- World Bank.


Wibisono, Christianto, Rudy Suryadi, & Rita S.L. Rayer, editors. 1992. Indonesian Regional Profile. Jakarta: Indonesian Business Data Centre (PDBI).


Wongsuphasawat, L. 1997. The Extended Bangkok Metropolitan Region and Uneven Industrial Development in Thailand. In C. Dixon & D. W. Smith (Eds.), Uneven Development in South East Asia (pp. 196-219). Aldershot: Ashgate.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.6605

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 895 | views : 758

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)



Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

Journal

Editorial Team
Focus and Scope
Peer Review Process
Publication Ethics
Screening for Plagiarism

Authors

Author Guidelines
Submission Guidelines
Online Submissions
Copyright Notice
Privacy Statement
Author Fees

Download

Author Pack
Submission Form & Manuscript Template

 

Reviewer

Reviewer Guidelines
Reviewer Acknowledgement

 

Reader

General Search
Achieves
Author index
Title index

 

 

The Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business (print ISSN 2085-8272; online ISSN 2338-5847) is published by the Faculty of Economics and Business Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

© 2019 Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business 
 Visitor Statistics