Opsi Skema Pendanaan Mitigasi Perubahan Iklim di Sektor Kehutanan

https://doi.org/10.22146/jik.46210

Fitri Nurfatriani(1*), Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat(2), Mimi Salminah(3)

(1) Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sosial, Ekonomi, Kebijakan dan Perubahan Iklim, Jl. Gunung Batu No. 5, Bogor 16118
(2) Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Lingkar Akademik Kampus IPB, Dramaga, Bogor 16680
(3) Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Lingkar Akademik Kampus IPB, Dramaga, Bogor 16680
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Upaya mitigasi perubahan iklim di sektor kehutanan memerlukan dukungan pendanaan yang kuat. Salah satu skema pendanaan perubahan iklim yang ditetapkan dalam PP 46 tahun 2017 adalah skema imbal jasa lingkungan. Meskipun demikian, skema tersebut di tingkat tapak belum banyak dikembangkan. Tulisan ini menganalisis opsi-opsi kombinasi skema pendanaan jasa lingkungan dengan optimalisasi pemanfaatan kawasan hutan dalam rangka mendukung upaya mitigasi perubahan iklim di sektor kehutanan. Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur Provinsi Jambi dipilih sebagai lokasi penelitian karena merupakan salah satu provinsi yang aktif dalam upaya penurunan emisi dari sektor kehutanan. Hasil analisa menunjukkan bahwa pola pendanaan jasa lingkungan yang dapat diterapkan di Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur dikelompokkan menjadi Payment of Environmental Services (PES), Liablity Rule (LR), dan Purchasing Development Right (PDR). Pola pendanaan PES efektif untuk mendukung upaya pengelolaan hutan sebagai penyimpan karbon, LR untuk kegiatan penyerapan karbon, sedangkan PDR potensial untuk mendukung kegiatan pengurangan emisi karbon.

 

Funding Scheme Options for Climate Change Mitigation in Forestry Sector

Abstract

Climate change mitigation actions significantly require strong financial support. One of the climate change financing schemes stated on the government regulation no 46/2017 is transaction of environmental services. The implementation schemes in the site level however have not been clearly explored yet. This paper explores funding scheme options for various forest management purposes in order to support climate change mitigation actions in forestry sector. Tanjung Jabung Timur District that is actively reducing emission from forest is chosen as the research location. The research shows environmental service funding schemes that could be implemented in Tanjung Jabung Timur are including Payment of Environmental Services (PES), Liability Rule (LR), and Purchasing Development Right (PDR). PES is effective to encourage forest management purposed for carbon stock; LR is to support carbon sequestration activities, while PDR is potential to support forest management for reducing carbon emission.


Keywords


carbon fund; environmental services; forest management; mitigation actions; payment for environmental services

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jik.46210

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