BUSINESS JUDGEMENT RULE: KETENTUAN DAN PELAKSANAANNYA OLEH PENGADILAN DI INGGRIS, KANADA DAN INDONESIA

https://doi.org/10.22146/jmh.56117

Yafet Yosafet Wilben Rissy(1*)

(1) Faculty of Law, Satya Wacana Christian University, Salatiga
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract

This article discusses the provisions of business judgment rule (BJR) in the company law and the application of BJR by the courts in the United Kingdom (UK), Canada and Indonesia. In the UK and Canada, the courts have been long examined the appropriateness of directors’ business decisions. Later, BJR was codified into the Canadian Business Corporations Act 2019, meanwhile, duty of care and fiduciary duties were codified into the UK 2006 Companies Law which implicitly regulates BJR. Indonesia adopts BJR in the Company Act 2007 but the courts rarely examine directors’ business decisions and the adoption needs to be rearranged systematically.

Intisari

Artikel ini membahas bagaimana dan kapan pengadilan menguji aturan penilaian bisnis (APS) dan bagaimana APS diatur dalam hukum perusahaan di Inggris Raya, Kanada, dan Indonesia. Pada pengadilan Inggris dan Kanada yang menganut tradisi hukum kebiasaan, APS telah lama diterapkan untuk menilai keputusan bisnis direktur. Baru-baru ini, APS dikodifikasikan ke dalam Undang-Undang Perusahaan Bisnis 2019. Sementara itu, tugas direktur untuk peduli dan tugas fidusia juga dikodifikasikan ke dalam Undang-Undang Perusahaan Inggris 2006 yang secara implisit mengatur APS. Indonesia juga mengadopsi APS dalam Undang-Undang PT 2007 tetapi pengadilan jarang menguji keputusan bisnis direktur dan adopsi ini perlu diatur ulang secara lebih sistematis.


Keywords


aturan penilaian bisnis, direktur; keputusan bisnis; tugas direktur; dan pengadilan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmh.56117

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