Healthcare Professionals’ Attitudes towards Adverse Drug Reactions Reporting in Primary Healthcare Settings: A Cross-sectional Survey

Cindra Tri Yuniar(1*), Rizka Zu Fadhilah(2), Kusnandar Anggadiredja(3), Lia Amalia(4)

(1) Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, West Java
(2) Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, West Java
(3) Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, West Java
(4) Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, West Java
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Spontaneous Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) reporting is a key to improving the post-marketing safety of medicines. The important factor of under-reporting is lack of awareness for the purpose of ADRs monitoring and reporting. Spontaneous reporting is performed by the patients or consumer to the healthcare professionals and/or industry, then the healthcare facilities and industry should report the suspected ADRs to the National Agency of Drugs and Food Control (NADFC). To date, there is a lack information and study about attitudes on ADRs reporting by healthcare professionals (HCPs), especially in primary healthcare settings.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the attitudes towards ADRs reporting by healthcare professionals (HCP).

Methods: This research was survey study with cross-sectional design, from November 2022-March 2023. The questionnaire, that have been validated and reliable, was distributed to 3 primary healthcare facilities. demographic data questions (6 items), experiences (3 items), knowledge (4 items), and motives for reporting (1 item).

Results: Total 39 HCPs completed the survey, including 14 nurses, 9 midwifes, 3 general physicians, 3 pharmacists, and 10 other professions. Most of respondents were women (84.6%), and mostly the HCPs have been working for ≥5 years (74.3%). Among 39 respondents, only 1 pharmacist have a good attitude about ADRs reporting. The other HCPs had a lack of knowledge and safety awareness. The dominant motives for reporting the ADRs was serious or severe ADRs (39.4%) and the assurance of causality assessment by suspected drugs (15.4%).

Conclusion: In conclusion, the HCPs in primary healthcare settings had poor attitudes towards ADRs reporting.


attitude, ADR reporting, healthcare professionals, primary healthcare

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