Pengaruh Konsentrasi dan Frekuensi Aplikasi Deltametrin terhadap Resurjensi Nilaparvata lugens

Yuni Ratna(1*), Y. Andi Trisyono(2), Witjaksono Witjaksono(3), Didik Indradewa(4)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Jambi
(2) Fakuyltas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Nilaparvata lugens is the type of insect pest whose resurgence is induced by insecticides. Deltamethrin is an insecticide commonly used by farmers to control pests other than N. lugens on rice. This research was conducted to determine the effect of sublethal concentrations and application frequency of deltamethrin on subsequent growth and development of third instars of N. lugens. The selected concentrations were 50 ppm (LC25) and 225 ppm (LC50), and the frequency of applications ranged 1–3 times. Each concentration was applied to the third instars of the parent generation (one time), the parent and their first offspring (two times) and the parent, their first and second offspring (three times). N. lugens used in this experiment was the susceptible population derived from the laboratory population. Application of deltamethrin on two and three consecutive generations increased nymphal mortality, the population of offspring produced by the surviving adults, and the ratio of treated and control females in producing the offspring. Increasing the frequency of application increased the ratio, and the females received three applications produced nymphs 2.65 times more than the control females. The two sublethal concentrations did not have significant impact on the above parameters. Furthermore, the interaction between concentration and frequency of application was absent. These findings suggest that several applications of deltamethrin at sublethal concentrations would contribute to the resurgence of N. lugens.


application frequency; deltamethrin; Nilaparvata lugens; resurgence; sublethal concentration

Full Text:



Anonim. 2000. Deltamethrin Risk Characterization Document Volume 1. Department Pesticide Regulation, California Environmental Protection Agency. 108 p.

Azzam, S., F. Wang, J.C. Wu, J. Shen, L.P. Wang, G.Q. Yang & Y.R. Guo. 2009. Comparisons of Stimulatory Effects of a Series of Concentrations of Four Insecticides on Reproduction in the Rice Brown Planthopper Nilaparvata lugens Stal. (Homoptera: Delphacidae). International Journal of Pest Management 55: 347–358.

Ball, H.J. & P. P. Su. 1979. Effect of Sublethal Dosages of Carbofuran and Carbaryl on Fecundity and Longevity of the Female Western Corn Rootworm. Journal of Economic Entomology 72: 873–876.

Buenaflor, H.G., R.C. Saxena & E.A. Heinrichs. 1981. Biochemical Basis of Insecticide-Induced Brown Planthopper Resurgence. International Rice Research Newsletter 6: 13–14.

Chelliah, S. 1980. Influence of Insecticide Sprays on Brown Planthopper Resurgence. International Rice Research Newsletter 5: 10–11.

Chelliah, S. & E.A. Heinrichs. 1980. Factors Affecting Insecticide-Induced Resurgence of the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens, on Rice. Environmental Entomology 9: 773–777.

Chelliah, S., L.T. Fabellar & E.A. Heinrichs. 1980. Effect of Sublethal Doses of Three Insecticides on the Reproductive Rate of the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens on Rice. Environmental Entomology 9: 778–780.

Chelliah, S. & S. Uthamasamy. 1986. Insecticide Induced Resurgence of Insect Pest sof Rice. Oryza 23: 71–82.

Croft, B.A. & A.W.A. Brown. 1975. Responses of Arthropod Natural Enemies to Insecticides. Annual Review of Entomology 20: 285–335.

Dittrich, V., P. Streibert & P.A. Bathe. 1974. An Old Case Reopened: Mite Stimulation by Insecticide Residues. Environmental Entomology 3: 534–540.
Fabellar, L.T. & E.A. Heinrichs. 1986. Relative Toxicity of Insecticides to Rice Planthopper and Leafhoppers and Their Predators. Crop Protection 5: 254–258.

Fidalgo, F., I. Santos & R. Salema. 1993. Effects of Deltamethrin on Field Grown Potato Plants: Biochemical and Ultrastructural Aspects. Annals of Botany 72: 263–267.

Gao, C.X., X.H. Gu,Y.W. Bei & R.M.Wang. 1988. Approach of Causes on Brown Planthopper Resurgence. Acta Ecologica Sinica 8: 155–163.

Ge, L.Q., J.H. Hu, J.C. Wu, G.Q. Yang & H. Gu. 2009. Insecticide-Induced Changes in Protein, RNA, and DNA Contents in Ovary and Fat Body of Female Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 102: 1506–1514.

Gu, Z.Y., L.J. Han, X.L. Huang, Q.Wang, X.L. Xu, J.L. Hua, D. Jin & D.F. Yan. 1996. Study on Population Dynamics of Planthoppers in Different Habitats. Acta Phytophylogica Sinica 23: 170–173.

Haque, N.M.M., M.H. Haq & A.N.M. R. Karim. 2002. Insecticide Hormoligosis on Brown Planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stal) in Resistant and Susceptible Rice Varieties of Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 5: 915–918.

Heinrichs, E.A. & D. Mochida. 1984. From Secondary to Major Pest Status; the Case of Insecticides-Induced Rice Brown Planthopper Resurgence. Protection Ecology 7: 201–218.

Jahn, G.C., E.R. Sanchez & P.G. Cox. 2001. The Quest for Connections: Developing a Research Agenda for Integrated Pest and Nutrient Management. p. 413–430. In IRRI (ed.), Rice Research for Good Security and Poverty Alleviation. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines.
Kramer, R.D., P.G. Koehler, R.S. Patterson & F. Slansky. 1989. Effect of Sublethal Propoxur Exposure on Male German Cockroaches (Orthoptera: Blattellidae) and Their Feeding Behaviour. Journal of Economic Entomology 82: 842–846.

Laba, I.W. 1988. Masalah Resurjensi Wereng Coklat dan Penanggulangannya. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Penelitian 7: 93–97.

Leather, S.R. 1995. Factors Affecting Fecundity, Fertility, Oviposition, and Larviposition in Insects, p. 143–174. In S.R. Leather & J. Hardie (eds.), Insect Reproduction. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Lee, C.Y. 2000. Sublethal Effects of Insecticides on Longevity, Fecundity, and Behaviour of Insect Pests: A Review. Journal of Biosciences 11: 107–112.
Leigh, T.F. & P.F. Wynholds. 1980. Insecticides Enhance Spider Mite Reproduction. California Agriculture 34: 14–15.

Ling, S., J. Zhang, L. Hu & R. Zhang. 2009. Effect of Fipronil on the Reproduction, Feeding, and Relative Fitness of Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. Applied Entomology and Zoology 44: 543–548.

Moriarty, F. 1969. The Sublethal Effects of Synthetic Insecticides on Insects. Biological Review 44: 321–357.

Oka, I.N. 1995. Pengendalian Hama Terpadu dan Implementasinya di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta. 255 p.

Prajnanta, F. 2008. The Behaviour of Indonesia Rice Farmer in Insecticide Usage. CropLife Indonesia. Unpublished.

Qiu, H.M., J.C. Wu, G.Q. Yang, B. Dong & D.H. Li. 2004. Changes in the Uptake Function of the Rice Root to Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium under Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stal) (Homoptera: Delphacidae) and Pesticide Stresses, and Effect of Pesticides on Rice-Grain Filling in Field. Crop Protection 23: 1041–1048.

Reissig, W.H., E.A. Heinrichs & S.L. Valencia. 1982. Effects of Insecticides on Nilaparvata lugens and its Predators: Spider, Microvelia atrolineata, and Cyrthorhinus lividipennis. Environmental Entomology 11: 193–199.

Shapiro, J.P. & S.M. Ferkovich. 2002. Yolk Protein Immunoassays (YP-ELISA) to Assess Diet and Reproductive Quality of Mass-Reared Orius insidiosus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae). Journal of Economic Entomology 95: 927–935.
Southwood, T.R.E. 1977. The Relevance of Population Dynamic Theory to Pest Status, p. 35– 54. In J.M. Cherrett & G.R. Sagar (eds.), Origins of Pest, Disease, and Weed Problems. Blackweels Scientific Publ., Oxford.
Tamilselvan, C., R. Sundararaju, K. Regu & D.V. David. 1990. Influence of Deltamethrin on the Biochemical Parameters of Cotton and Biology of theWhitefly Bemisia tabaci (Genn.). Pestology 14: 17–19.

Untung, K. 1993. Pengantar Pengelolaan Hama Terpadu. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta. 273 p.

Untung, K. & Y.A. Trisyono. 2010. Wereng Batang Cokelat Mengancam SwasembadaBeras. http:// wereng_coklat_mengancam_swasembada_beras. pdf, modified 2/6/10. 7 p.

Wang, Y.C., J.Q. Fang, X.Z. Tian, B.Z. Gao & Y.R. Fan. 1994. Studies on the Resurgent Question of Planthoppers Induced by Deltamethrin and Methamidophos. Entomology Knowledge 31: 257– 262.

Wang, A.H., J.C. Wu, Y.S.Yu, J.L. Liu, J.F. Yue & M.Y. Wang. 2005. Selective Insecticide-Induced Stimulation on Fecundity and Biochemical Changes in Tryporyza incertulas (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 98: 1144–1149.

Wu, J.C., J.X. Xu, S.Z. Yuan, J.L. Liu, Y.H. Jiang & J.F. Xu. 2001. Pesticide-Induced Susceptibility of rice to Brown Planthopper Nilaparvata lugens. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 100: 119– 126.

Wu, J.C., J.F. Xu, X.M. Feng, J.L. Liu, H.M. Qiu & S.S. Luo. 2003. Impacts of Pesticides on Physiology and Biochemistry of Rice. Scientia Agriculturae Sinica 35: 536–541.

Yin, J.L., H.W. Xu, J.C.Wu, J.H. Hu & G.Q. Yang. 2008. Cultivar and Insecticide Applications Affect the Physiological Development of the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stal) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Environmental Entomology 37: 206– 212.

Yu, Y.S., S. Xue, J.C. Wu, F. Wang & G.Q. Yang. 2007. Changes in Levels of Juvenile Hormone and Molting Hormone in Larvae and Adult Females of Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) after Imidacloprid Applications to Rice. Journal of Economic Entomology 100: 1188–1193.

Zhuang, Y.L., J.L. Shen & Z. Chen. 1999. The Influence of Triazophos on the Productivity of the Different Wingform Brown Planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stal.). Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 22: 21–24


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2036 | views : 1287


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2010 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics