Kisaran Inang dan Keragaman Gejala Infeksi Turnip Mosaic Virus

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11779

Eliza Suryati Rusli(1*), Sri Hendrastuti Hidayat(2), Gede Suastika(3), Utomo Kartosuwondo(4)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor
(2) Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor
(3) Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor
(4) Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The incidence of mosaic disease on vegetable crops in Indonesia has been reported recently. The disease is caused by TuMV which is considered as a new and important virus on caisin and turnip in Indonesia. Field survey has been conducted to determine disease incidence in vegetable growing areas. Symptom variability and host range of TuMV was further studied through mechanical inoculation to cruciferae and solanaceae plants. Observation during field survey has proved that TuMV has infected caisin and turnip in Java and Bali. The highest intensity of mosaic disease i.e. 63,3% occurs in Tumpangan-Malang, followed by Denpasar Selatan and Bandungan-Semarang with the intensity of 30,5% and 19,0% respectively. TuMV infection causes different types of symptoms, such as: wrinkled leaf, blistered leaf, vein banding, vein clearing, leaf distortion and proliferation. The host range of TuMV involves those plants belong to cruciferae (cabbage, broccoli, caisin, turnip, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, pak coy); solanaceae (N. tabacum, N. benthamiana, N. glutinosa); and chenopodiaceae (C. amaranticolor). Furthermore, N. glutinosa can be used as differential host for TuMV isolates.

Full Text:

PDF


References

CAB International. 2002. Plant Protection Compendium. Wallingford, Oxon. UK.

Chen J, Chen JP, Adams, MJ. 2002. Variation between Turnip Mosaic Virus Isolates in Zhejiang Province, China and evidence for recombination. J. Phytopathology 150: 142-145.

Blackwell WV, Berlin. Clark MF, Adams, AN. 1977. Characteristics of the microplate method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of plant viruses. J. General Virology 34: 475-483.

Dijkstra J, Cees P. sde Jager. 1998. Practical Plant Virology. Protocols and Exercises. Spirager. Hlm. 194-197.

Direktorat Jenderal Hortikultura. 2005. Luas Panen, Produktivitas dan Produk Tanaman Sayuran, Buah-buahn dan Aneka Tanaman di Indonesia Tahun 2004. Angka Tetap. Hlm. 102-104.

Hunter PJ, Jones JE, Walsh JA. 2002. Involvement of Beet western yellow virus, Cauliflower mosaic virus and Turnip mosaic virus in Internal Disorders of Stored White Cabbage. Phytopathology 92: 816-826.

Jenner CE, Walsh JA. 1996. Pathotypic variation in Turnip mosaic virus with special reference to European isolates. Plant Pathology 45: 848-856.

Jenner, CE., Keanne GJ., Jones JE., Walsh JA. 1999. Serotypic variation in Turnip mosaic virus. Plant Pathology 48: 101-108.

Liu X, Lu W, Lin B, Lu H, Qi X, Li S, Li J, Zhao Z, Wang H, Wang C. 1990. A study of TuMV strain differentiation on cruciferous vegetables from ten regions of China. Identification results with Green's methods. Virologica Sinica 1: 82-87.

Sako N. 1980. Loss of Aphid Transmissibility of Turnip Mosaic Virus. Phytopathology 70: 647-649.

Sanchez F, Wang X, Jenner CE, Walsh JA, Ponz F. 2003. Strains of Turnip mosaic poty virus as defined by the molecular analysis of the coat protein gene of the virus. Virus Research 94: 33-43. Elsevier.

Stavolone L, Alioto D, Ragozzino A, Laliberte JF. 1998. Variability among Turnip mosaic potyvirus isolates. Phytopathology 88: 1200-1204.

Shukla DD, Colin WW, Alan AB. The Potyvirida. CAB. International 1994. University Press, Cambridge.

Tomimura K, Gibbss AJ, Jenner CE, Walsh JA, Ohsihima K. 2003. The phylogeny of Turnip mosaic virus; comparisons of 38 genomic sequences reveal a Eurasian origin and a recent 'emergence' in east Asia. Molecular Ecology 12: 209-2111. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Tomlinson, JA. 1970. Turnip Mosaic Virus. CMI. AAB. Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 8.

Walsh JA, Jenner CE. 2002. Turnip mosaic virus and the quest for durable resistance. Molecular



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11779

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 865 | views : 257

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is indexed by: :