Identifikasi Morfologi Beberapa Spesies Jamur Fusarium

Ade Mahendra Sutejo(1*), Achmadi Priyatmojo(2), Arif Wibowo(3)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


The research was conducted to study the morphological difference based on macroscopic and microscopic appearance of several Fusarium spp. Fusarium spp. isolates were propagated onto Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) by using single-spore method. All isolates were observed macroscopically and microscopically to determine colony appearance, colony growth diameter and formation of macroconidia, microconidia and conidiophores. The results showed that colony appearance of all isolates was similar. Therefore they could not clearly be differentiated by one to another. On the other hand, microscopic observation showed that there was different conidiophore morphology of F. oxysporum and other Fusarium spp. Microscopic morphology among F. oxysporum isolates were difficult to differentiate. Microconidia were produced in false-head which was the characteristic feature of most F. oxysporum. In conclusion, microscopic morphology observation could only be able to differentiate Fusarium spp. isolates at species level, but not to formae speciales.


Fusarium spp.; morphology

Full Text:



Abd-Elsalam, K.A.,M.A.Abdel-Satar, & I.N.Aly. 2003. PCR Identification of Fusarium Genus Based on Nuclear Ribosomal-DNASequence Data. African Journal of Biotechnology 2: 82-85.

Agrios, G.N. 1996. Ilmu Penyakit Tumbuhan (Alih Bahasa: M. Bunzina). Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta. 713 p.

Agrios, G.N. 2005. Plant Pathology 5th ed. ElsevierAcademic Press, New York. 947 p.

Alabouvette, C., I. Avelange, V. Edel, G. Laguerre, & C. Steinberg. 1995. Comparison of Three Molecular Methods for the Characterization of Fusarium oxysporum Strain. Phytopathology 85: 579-585.

Anderson, T.H., K.H. Domsch, &W. Gams. 1993. Compendium of Soil Fungi vol. I. IHW-Verlag, Regensburg. 806 p.

Anonim. 2006. International Banana Fusarium Wilt Diagnosis and Characterization Training Workshop. Methodologies for Molecular Studies. Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute Serdang, Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 24-28 April 2006.

Anonim. 2008. Fusarium oxysporum. (http//

Arie, T. & Y. Hirano. 2006. PCR-based Differentiation of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici and radicis-lycopersici and Races of F. oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici. The Phytopathological Society of Japan 72: 273-283.

Bacon, C.W.,A.E. Glenn, & E.A. Richardson. 2004. Genetic and Morphological Characterization of a Fusarium verticilliodes Conidiation Mutant. Mycologia 95: 968-980.

Bogale, M., E.T. Steenkamp, B.D. Wingfield, & M.J. Wingfield. 2006. Characterization of Fusarium oxysporum Isolates from Ethiopia Using AFLP, SSR, and DNA Sequence Analyses. Fungal Diversity 23: 5-66.

Booth, C. 1971. The Genus Fusarium. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew. Surrey, England. 237 p.

Choi,Y.K., H.J. Kim, & B.R.Min. 2001. Variation of Intergenic Spacer (IGS) Region of Ribosomal DNA among Fusarium oxysporum formae speciales. The Journal of Microbiology 39: 265-272.

Daboussi, M.J.,A. Hua-Van., & T. Langin. 2001. Evolutionary History of the impala Transposon in Fusarium oxysporum. Molecular Biology & Evolution 18: 1959-1969.

Djafaruddin. 2004. Dasar-Dasar Pengendalian Penyakit Tanaman. Bumi Aksara, Jakarta. 282 p.

Doe, F.J., S. Bullock, J.F. Leslie, & B.A. Summerell. 2005. Description of Gibberella sacchari and Neotypification of its Anamorph Fusarium sacchari. Mycologia 97: 718-724.

Fox, R.T.V. 1993. Principles of Diagnostic Techniques in Plant Pathology. CAB International, Bristol (UK). 213 p.

Fragkiadakis, G.A., D.B. Li, G.N. Skaracis, & Z.Wang. 2004. Characterization of Fusarium oxysporum Isolates Obtained from Cucumber in China by Pathogenicity, VCG, and RAPD. Plant Disease 88: 645-649.

Fuchs, J.G., Y. Moenne-Loccoz, & G. Defago. 1997. Nonpathogenic Fusarium oxysporum Strain Fo47 Induces Resistence to Fusarium Wilt in Tomato. Plant Disease 81: 492-496.

Galperin,M., R. Huang, & R. Perl-Treves. 1997. Genetic Diversity of Fusarium moniliforme Compatibility Groups and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers. Plant Pathology 46: 871-881.

Gandjar, I.,W. Sjamsuridzal, &A. Oetari. 2006.Mikologi Dasar dan Terapan. Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta. 238 p.

Gilman, J.C. 1996. A Manual of Soil Fungi. The Iowa State University Press, Iowa. 392 p.

Gordon, T.R. & R.D.Matyn. 1997. The Evolutionary Biology of Fusarium oxysporum. Annual Review of Phytopathology 35: 111-128.

Groenewald, S. 2005. Biology, Pathogenicity and Diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp cubense. Thesis. University of Pretoria. South Africa. 158 p.

Gunn, L.V., J.L. Smith-White, & B.A. Summerell. 2001. Analysis of Diversity within Fusarium oxysporum Populations Using Molecular and Vegetative Compatibility Grouping. APPS 30: 153-157.

Hall, R. 1996. Principles and Practice Managing Soilborne Plant Pathogens. APS Press, Minnesota. 330 p.

Hanlin, R.T., & M. Ulloa. 1999. Illustrated Dictionary of Mycology. The American Phytopathological Society, Minnesota. 448 p.

Kistler, H.C. 1997. Genetic Diversity in the Plant-pathogenic Fungus Fusarium oxysporum. Symposium Population Genetic of Soilborne Fungal Plant Pathogens. Phytopathology 87: 474-479.

Leslie, J.F., B. Salleh, & B.A. Summerell. 2003.A Utilitarian to Fusarium Identification. Plant Disease 87: 117-128.

Marasas, W.F.O., P.E. Nelson, & T.A. Tuossoun. 1983. Fusarium Spesies: An Illustrated Manual for Identification. The Pennsylvania University Press, University Park London. 226 p.

Morre, D. 1988. FungalMorphogenesis. Cambridge University Press, Edinburgh. 469 p.

Nelson, P.E. 1990. Taxonomy of Fungi in the Genus Fusarium with Emphasis on Fusarium oxysporum. p. 27-35. In R.C. Ploetz (ed.), Fusarium Wilt of Banana. The American Phytophatological Society, Minnesota.

Schwart, H.F., C.E. Swift, & E.R.Wickliffe. 2002. Vegetative Compatibility Groups of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp cepae from Onion in Colorado. Plant Disease 86: 606-610.

Semangun, H. 2000. Penyakit-Penyakit Tanaman Hortikultura di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta. 850 p.

Semangun, H. 2000. Penyakit-Penyakit Tanaman Perkebunan di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press,Yogyakarta. 835 p.

Semangun, H. 2001. Pengantar Ilmu Penyakit Tumbuhan. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta. 754 p.

Semangun, H. 2004. Penyakit-Penyakit Tanaman Pangan di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta. 449 p.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 42952 | views : 31403


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2008 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics