Study on the Attractiveness of Fruit Flies Bactrocera spp. to Mango Fruit’s Extract

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.35315

Oka Dwi Handaru(1), Witjaksono Witjaksono(2*), Edhi Martono(3)

(1) Agricultural Quarantine Agency Class I Mataram Jln. Pelabuhan Lembar No. 9, Lembar, West Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara 83364
(2) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1 Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1 Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Fruit fly (Bactrocera spp.) is a global major pest species of the fruit export and import activities. The controlling and monitoring strategies based on the ecology of fruit flies were expected to overcome the problem of fruit flies. The study on the attractant compound of fruit flies from mango extract  may provide an alternative to control and to monitor fruit flies, both male or female. This research was aimed to determine the strength of attractiveness (number and type of species) and durability (day) on mango extract which could attract fruit flies. The experiment was conducted in mango plantation in Sragen Regency using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with five different locations for setting up the trap, each location consisted of nine treatments. The parameter observations were the number of trapped-fruit flies, the sex of fruit flies, the type of species fruit flies, and the durability of mango extract. The results revealed that mango extract could attract the male and female fruit flies with mechanism through the presence of nutrition and oviposition site. Extract of raw Pakel mango had a good ability to attract fruit flies, either male or female of B. carambolae and B. papaya, and male of B. albistrigata with a total of 15 flies per trap in one week.


Keywords


attractant; fruit fly; fruit fly trap; mango extract

Full Text:

PDF


References

Alyokhin AV, R.H Messing, & J. Jian. 2000. Visual and olfactory stimuli and fruit maturity affect trap captures of oriental fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 93: 644-649.

Bernays, E.A., & R.E Chapman. 1994. Host Plant Selection by Phytophagous Insect. Chapman & Hall. An International Thomson Publishing Company, New York. 312 p.

Carde R.T. & W.J. Bell .1995. Chemical Ecology of Insect. Springer, Boston. 433 p.

Himawan, T, P. Wijayanto, & S. Kardinah.2013. Pengaruh Beberapa Aroma Buah terhadap Preferensi Oviposisi Bactrocera carambolae Drew and Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae). Jurnal HPT 1: 72-79.

Indriyanti, D.R, E. Martono, Y.A Trisyono, & Witjaksono. 2008. Ketertarikan Bactrocera carambolae (Diptera: Tephritidae) pada Berbagai Limbah yang Mengandung Protein .Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 14: 86 – 91.

Indriyanti. 2011. Identifikasi Senyawa Volatil dalam Olahan Limbah Kakao sebagai Potensi Atraktan Bactrocera carambolae (Diptera: Tephritidae). Sainteknol 9: 11-20.

Kardinan A. 2003. Tanaman Pengendali Lalat Buah. Agromedia Pustaka, Depok. 78 p.

Miller, J.R & T.A Miller. 1986. Insect Plant Interactions. Springer-Verlag New York Inc., New York. 342 p.

Pracaya. 2006. Bertanam Mangga. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta. 144 p.

Putra, N.S. & Suputa. 2013. Lalat Buah, Bioekologi dan Strategi Tepat Mengelola Populasinya. SMARTANIA Publishing, Yogyakarta. 101 p.

Siwi, S.S., P. Hidayat & Suputa. 2006. Taksonomi dan Bioekologi Lalat Buah Penting di Indonesia (Diptera: Tephritidae). Edisi Revisi. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioekologi dan Sumberdaya Genetik Pertanian dan Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Australia, Bogor. 65 p.

Sumarmin, R., U. Syukur, & E.D. Setiawan. 2011. Pengaruh Kombinasi Petrogenol dan Ekstrak Jeruk terhadap Feeding Strategy Lalat Buah (Bactrocera dorsalis). Jurnal Sainstek 3: 70-77.

Suputa, Cahyanti, A. Kustaryati, M. Railan, Issusilaningtyas, & W.P. Mardiasih. 2006. Pedoman Identifikasi Lalat Buah (Diptera: Tephritidae). Direktorat Perlindungan Tanaman Hortikultura. Direktorat Jenderal Hortikultura. Departemen Pertanian Indonesia, Jakarta. 49 p.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.35315

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 375 | views : 198

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 height=auto

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021Indexing & Abstracting , view my stats