Arthropod Diversity in the Tea Plantation within Several Years after Pruning in Pagilaran, Central Java

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.47172

Muhammad Rizyan Anggra Hidayat(1*), F. X. Wagiman(2), Arman Wijonarko(3)

(1) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The lush leaves of tea within several years after prune is expected to be followed by arthropod abundance and diversity. The study aimed to evaluate the arthropod abundance, diversity, evenness, and dominance, at the tea plantation within several years after the prune. The study was conducted at Pagilaran tea plantations, Central Java, from April to May 2018, at an altitude of 900 m asl. Arthropod samplings were done in four plots of tea plantation namely 1, 2, 3, and 4 years after pruning, hereafter they are called PY1, PY2, PY3, and PY4.  The plot area was approximately 1 ha. The arthropod specimens were collected using sweep net and pitfall trap every day for 6 consecutive days.  The arthropod identification and calculation were carried out in the Laboratory of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Analysis of variance was applied to determine the effect of PY on the Arthropod abundance. The Shannon Wienner index, the Evenness index, and the Simpson index, were used to evaluate the arthropod diversity, evenness, and dominance, respectively. The results showed that the PY significantly affected the arthropod abundance. The arthropod number collected from PY1 (27 individuals/50 swings) was significantly lower as compared to the other PYs, while arthropod numbers amongst PY2, PY3, and PY4 (53, 93, and 67 individuals/50 swings, respectively) were relatively similar. Out of the total number of 1.432 arthropod specimens, it comprised of 10 orders at which Hemiptera was the highest order (48.04%), and 69 families at which Cicadellidae was the highest family (32.12%). Amongst specimens of Cicadellidae, there was Empoasca sp. which is an important tea pest. The Shannon Wienner index (H) of orders and families ranged from 1.24 to 2.69 indicates moderate arthropod diversity. The Evenness index (e') ranged from 0.57 to 0.91) indicates the arthropod evenly distributed. Meanwhile, the Simpson index (D) ranged 0.10 - 0.39 indicates that there was no dominance of the order or family.


Keywords


arthropods; abundance; diversity; Pagilaran; tea

Full Text:

PDF


References

Amin, A., Ibrohim, & H. Tuarita. 2016. Studi Keanekaragaman Arthropoda pada Lahan Pertanian Tumpang Sari untuk Inventarisasi Predator Pengendalian Hayati di Kecamatan Bumiaji Kota Batu. Jurnal Pertanian Tropik 3: 139-149.

Anderson, B. P. 2000. The Insects of Australia. A Text Book for Students and Research Workers. Second Edition. Melbourne University Press, Australia. 542 p.

Banerjee, B. 1983. Arthropod Accumulation on Tea in Young and Old Habitats. Ecological Entomology 8: 117–123.

Balitri. 2015. Budidaya dan Pengolahan/ Budidaya Teh. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar. Puslitbang Perkebunan. http://perkebunan.litbang.pertanian.go.id/?p=6142., modified 17/01/2018.

Borror, D. J. & R. E. White. 1970. A Field Guide to the Insect of America North of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 403 p.

Borror. D. J., C. A. Triplehorn. & N. F. Johnson. 2005. Study of Insects. 7th Edition. Thomson Brooks/Cole. The United States. 881 p.

Bosco, L. 2014. The Effects of Ground Vegetation Cover on Vineyard Habitat use by the Woodlark Lullula Arborea and its Arthropod Prey. Master Tesis. The University of Bern. Switzerland. 34 p.

Chu., H. F. 1949. How to Know the Immature Insects. Mc Brown Company Publ. Dubuque, Iowa. 224 p.

Das, S., S. Roy & A. Mukhopadhyay. 2010. Diversity of Arthropod Natural Enemies in the Tea Plantations of North Bengal with Emphasis on their Association with Tea Pests. Current Science 99: 1457-1463.

Fauziyah, N., B. Hadisutrisno, & A. Priyatmojo. 2018. Waktu Pemencaran dan Pengaruh Jenis Air terhadap Perkecambahan Basidiospora Exobasidium Vexans, Penyebab Penyakit Cacar Daun Teh. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 22: 66-71.

Goulet,  H. & J. T. Huber.  1993.  Hymenoptera of the World: An  Identification Guide to Families. Research  Branch Agriculture  Canada.  Ottawa (CA). 680 p.

Hazarika, L. K., M. Bhuyan. & B. N. Hazarika. 2009. Insect Pests of Tea and their Management. Annual Review of Entomology 54: 267– 284.

Indriati, G. & F. Soesanthy. 2015. Serangga Pengisap Pucuk Teh: Empoasca vitis (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) dan Tungau (Acarina). Sirinov 3: 39–48.

Kury, A. B. 2007. Harvestmen: The Biology of the Opiliones, Chapter: Assamiidae. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. 176 p.

McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth, & D. M. Wood. 1981. Manual of Nearctic  Diptera. Volume I. Canadian Government Publishing Centre Supply and Service, Canada. 684 p.

McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth, & D. M. Wood. 1983. Manual of Nearctic  Diptera. Volume II. Canadian Communication Group-Publishing, Canada. 668 p.

Mitra, B., S. K. Shah. & P. Mishra. 2018. Insect Fauna Associated with the Tea Ecosystem of North Bengal, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 118: 178-193.

Nisa, K., R. Wijayanti, & E. S. Muliawati. 2017. Keragaman Arthropoda pada Sacha inchi di Lahan Kering. Caraka Tani: Journal of the Sustainable Agriculture 32: 132-141.

Odum, E. P. 1994. Dasar-Dasar Ekologi. Edisi ketiga. Gajah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta. 697 p.

Pachrudin, Witjaksono, & A. Wijonarko. 2007. Perkembangan Populasi Empoasca sp. (Homoptera: Cicadelidae) di Kebun Teh Pagilaran. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 13: 54-62.

Paredes, D., L. Cayuela, & M. Campos. 2013. Synergistic Effects of Ground Cover and Adjacent Vegetation on Natural Enemies of Olive Insect Pests. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment 173: 72-80.

Rahayu, B. T. P., S. Indarti, & T. Harjaka. 2000. Beberapa Catatan Mengenai Hama Baru: Penggulung Daun Teh Siput Tanpa Cangkang, Parmarion pupillaris. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 6: 61-64.

Riyanto, 2016. Keanekaragaman dan Kelimpahan Serangga Ordo Coleoptera di Tepian Sungai Musi Kota Palembang sebagai Sumbangan Materi pada Mata Kuliah Entomologi di Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Sriwijaya. Jurnal Pembelajaran Biologi 3: 88-100.

Rocha., R. P. D. & L. S. Carvalho. 2009. A New Species of Sickesia (Laniatores: Stygnidae: Opiliones) and New Records for the State of Piauí, Brazil. Zoologia 26: 337–342.

Sari, N. M., A. Wijonarko, & F. X. Wagiman. 2019. The Vertical Distribution of Helopeltis bradyi and Oxyopes javanus on Tea. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 23: 125-132.

Silva, E. B., J. C. Franco, T. Vasconcelos, & M. Branco. 2010. Effect of Ground Cover Vegetation on the Abundance and Diversity of Beneficial Arthropods in Citrus Orchards. Bulletin of Entomological Research 100: 489–499.

Sucherman, O., S. Darana & S. Harianto. 2016. Efektivitas Lem Serangga Nabati Surawung Langit (Salvinia hyspanica) dan Teknik Aplikasi Pengendalian Massal Empoasca pada Tanaman Teh. Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina 19: 27-40.

Sumardiyono, C. 1996. Residu Fungisida Tembaga (Cu) pada Pucuk Teh. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 2: 1-3.

Wagiman, F. X. & B. Triman. 2011. Ketahanan Relatif Enam Belas Nomor Klon Teh PGL terhadap Serangan Empoasca sp. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 17: 60-65.

Yadav, S. K. & G. C. Mishra. 2013. Biodiversity Measurement Determines Stability of Ecosystems. International Journal of Environmental Science: Development and Monitoring 4: 68-72.

Ye, G-Y., Q. Xiao, M. Chen, X-x Chen, Z-j. Yuan, D. W. Stanley, & C. Hu. 2014. Tea: Biological Control of Insect and Mite Pests in China. Biological Control 68: 73-91.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.47172

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 254 | views : 29

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 height=auto

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Design by WibisenoIndexing & Abstracting , view my stats