Penyakit Mosaik Pisang, Reaksi Inang, dan Pemurnian Virus

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.9377

YB Sumardiyono(1*), Sri Sulandari(2), Edy Purnawan(3)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Banana var. Koja showed mosaic symptoms sontained in Kotagede, Yogyakarta used in the studies. The virus then isolated with single lesion method on Chenopodium amaranticolor, and propagated on Nicotiana tabacum var. Xanthi. The result of host reaction study showed that infected Nicotiana tabacum var. Xanthi, N. tabacum var. Samsun, Cucumis sativus, and Lycopersicon esculentum produced systemic symptoms, while Chenopodium amaranticolor produced necrotic local lesions. Infected Vigna unguiculata did not produce any symptom. The purified virus obtained with the method of Scon showed A260/A280=1.21, with single protein m.w. 24.0 ×103. Virus showed serological relationship to CMV. All the result indicated that causal agent of banana mosaic disease has some similar properties with CMV.

Key words: CMV, banana diseases, host reaction


Full Text:

PDF


References

Bird, J. dan F.L. Wellman. 1962. A mosaic disease of musaceous crops in Puerto Rico. Phiopathology 52: 286 (Abs.)

Brunt, A.A. 1995. Plant virus names. Dalam: Virus and virus-like disease of bulb and flower crops. John Wiley. New York.

Francki, R.I.B., D.W. Mossop, dan T. Hatta. 1979. Cucumber mosaic virus. Discription of plant viruses, No. 213. Commonw. Mycol. Inst. , Kew, England.

Goodman, RN., Z. Kiraly dan K.R Wood. 1986. Biochemistryy and physiology of plant disease. Univ. Missouri Press, Columbia.

Kurstak, E. 1981. Handbook of plant virus infections and comparative diagnosis. Elsevier/North-Holland Biomed. Press, Amsterdam.

Lockhard, B.E.L. 1986. Purification and serology of bacilliform virus associated with banana streak disease. Phytopathology 76: 995 - 999.

Niblett C.L., S.S. Papu, J. Bird dan R. Lastra. 1994. Infectious chlorosis, mosaic, and heart rot. Dalam : Banana diseases caused by virus - Compendium of Tropical Fruit Diseases. APS Press.

Scott, H.A. 1963. Purification of cucumber mosaic virus. Virology 20: 103 - 106.

Sri Sulandari, 1993.Penyakit mosaik pada tanarnan pisang. Kumpulan intisari makalah Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia XII, Yogyakarta 6 - 8 September 1993. (Abstr.)

Suastika, G., K. Tomaru, J. Kurihara dan K.T. Natsuaki. 1996. A cucumber mosaic Cucumovirus isolate from banana mosaic disease in Indonesia. Dalam: Biological control in sustainable tropical agriculture. NODAI Center Intemat. Progr., Tokyo University of Agriculture, 60-71.

Wardlaw, C.W. 1972. Banana disease, 2nd ed. Longman, London.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.9377

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 297 | views : 209

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is indexed by: :