Carbon composite of NiO hydrothermal impregnation from sugarcane bagasse and its electrochemical properties

Al Nadine De Nasti(1), Kyfti Yolanda Siburian(2), Abraham Danofan Sembiring(3), Hans Kristianto(4), Ratna Frida Susanti(5), Haryo Satriya Oktaviano(6), Agung Nugroho(7*)

(1) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Pertamina
(2) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Pertamina
(3) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Pertamina
(4) Chemical Engineering Department, Industrial Technology Faculty, Parahyangan Catholic University
(5) Chemical Engineering Department, Industrial Technology Faculty, Parahyangan Catholic University
(6) Research and Technology Innovation, PT Pertamina (Persero)
(7) Universitas Pertamina
(*) Corresponding Author


Sugarcane bagasse (SB) can synthesize activated carbon (AC) through a two-step calcination process at calcination at 400oC and activation at 800oC. NaOH 0.1 M is used to activate the pre-carbonized sample in the activation step. The AC samples undergo hydrothermal impregnation with nickel oxide (NiO) at 110°C. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern and Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) confirmed the presence of NiO after this process. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) indicates the presence of pore structures in the sample morphology. A three-electrode system with 1 M Na2SO4 as an electrolyte was employed to assess the electrochemical properties. The specific capacitance for activated carbon derived from SB stands at 89.53 F/g at 0.05 A/g current density, while after impregnation with NiO, it increases to 250.53 F/g at the same current density. The results demonstrate the possibility of activated carbon from sugarcane bagasse waste composited with NiO as supercapacitor electrodes.


activated carbon; galvanostatic charge-discharge; hydrothermal; nickel oxide; sugarcane bagasse

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