Karakter Morfologi Rambut Kelompok Cervidae Indonesia


Ni Luh Putu Rischa Phadmacanty(1*), Zulkurnia Irsaf(2), Gono Semiadi(3)

(1) Bidang Zoologi Pusat Penelitian Biologi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia Cibinong, Bogor, Jawa Barat
(2) Jurusan Biologi Fakultas MIPA Universitas Tadulako, Palu, Sulawesi Tengah
(3) Bidang Zoologi Pusat Penelitian Biologi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia Cibinong, Bogor, Jawa Barat
(*) Corresponding Author


Identification through animal hair character is one of a very important forensic tool given the high level of animal trade in Indonesia, one of which is the deer family (Cervidae). Indonesia has four species of Cervidae, there are Rusa timorensis (Javan deer), Rusa unicolor (Sambar deer), Muntiacus muntjak (Barking deer) and Axis kuhlii (Rusa Bawean). Until now, no information about the morphological character of Indonesian cervidae’s hair. In this study, we used 30 shaft/individual/species from Javan deer (8 individuals), Sambar deer (5 individuals), Barking deer (5 individuals) and Bawean deer (5 individual) from specimens collection of Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense (MZB) and field collections. Hairs were analyzed for macroscopic and microscopic, with several parameters of morphology, cuticular structure, medula, cross-section, and medullary index. The result showed that the special character of this family was filled lattice medulla structure and can be used for species  identification.


Cervidae; identification; macroscopic; miroscopic; hair; deer

Full Text:



Anwar, M.B., M.H. Nadeem, M.A. Beg, A.R. Kayani, & G. Muhammad. (2012). A Photographic key for identification of mammalian hairs of prey species in snow leopard (Panthera indica) habitat of Gilgit-Baltistan Province of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology. 44 (3): 37-743. Cheng, X., T. Kang & Z. Zhao. (2007). Studies on microscopic identification of animal drug’s remnant hair (3): identification of several species of cauda cervi. Journal of Natural Medicine. 61 (1):51-55. Chernova, O.F. (2002). Architectonic and Diagnostic Significance of Hair Cuticle. Biology Bulletin. 29(3):238–247. Davis, A.K. (2010). A technique for rapidly quantifying mammal hair morphology for zoological research. Folia Zoological. 59 (2): 87-92. De Marinis, A. M. & A. Asprea. (2006). Hair identification key of wild and domestic ungulates from southern Europe. Wildlife Biology. 12(3): 305-320. Hedges, S., Duckworth, J.W., Timmins, R., Semiadi, G. & Dryden, G. (2015). Rusa timorensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T41789A22156866. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T41789A22156866.en. Downloaded on 14 May 2019. Lee, E., T.Y. Choi, D. Woo, M.S. Min, S. Sugita & H. Lee. (2014). Species identification key of Korean mammal hair. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science. 76(5): 667-675. Lungu, A., C. Recordati, V. Ferrazzi & D. Gallazi. (2007). Image analysis of animal hair: morphological features useful in forensic veterinary medicine. Lucrari Sciintifice Medicina Veterinara. XL: 439-446. Jones, L.N., R.J. Horr, & I.J. Kaplin. (1994). Formation ofsurface membrane in developing mammalian hair fiber. Micron. 25 (6): 589-595. Joshi, H.R., S.A. Gaikwad, M.P.S. Tomar & K. Shrivastava. (2012). Comparative trichology of common wild herbivores of India. Advances in Applied Science Research. 3(6): 3455-3458. Oien, C.T. 2009. Forensic Hair Comparison: Background Information for Interpretation. Forensic Science Communications.11(2). Perrin, M.R & Campbell, B.S. (1980). Key to the mammals of the Andries Vosloo Kudu Reserve (eastern Cape), based on their hair morphology, for use in predator scat analysis. South Africa Tydskr.Natuurnav. 10: 1-14. Sahajpal, V., S.P. Goyal, R. Raza & R. Jayapal. (2009). Identification of mongoose (genus: Herpestes) species from hair through band pattern studies using discriminate functional analysis (DFA) and microscopic examination. Science and Justice. 49: 205-209 Semiadi, G., I.G. M. Jaya Adi & A. Trasadiharto. 2005. Pola kelahiran rusa sambar (Cervus unicolor) di penangkaran Kalimantan Timur. Biodiversitas. 6(1): 59-62. Sessions, B.D., W.M. Hess & W.S. Skismore. (2010). Can hair width and scale pattern and direction of dorsal scapular mammalian hair be a relatively simple means to identify species? Journal of Natural History. 3: 7-8, 489-507. Short, H.L. (1978). Analysis of cuticular scale on hair using the scanning electron microscope. Journal of Mammalogy 59(2): 261-268. Sudibyo, M., Y. Santoso, B. Masy’ut, & T. Toharmat. 2013. Preferencesof Rusa timorensis to grasses and their body morphology andvelvet antler characteristic. Media Peternakan. 2013: 143-151. Teerink, B.J. (2003). Hair of West European Mammals: Atlas and Identification Key. Cambridge University Press. Timmins, R.J., Duckworth, J.W. & Hedges, S. (2016). Muntiacus muntjak. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T42190A56005589. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T42190A56005589.en. Downloaded on 14 May 2019. Timmins, R., Kawanishi, K., Giman, B, Lynam, A., Chan, B., Steinmetz, R., Sagar Baral, H. & Samba Kumar, N. (2015). Rusa unicolor (errata version published in 2015). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T41790A85628124. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T41790A22156247.en. Downloaded on 14 Mei 2019. Tridico, S.R., M.M. Houck, K. Paul Kirbride, M. E. Smith & C. Yates. (2014). Morphological identification of animal hair: Myths and misconceptions, possibilities and pitfalls. Forensic Science International. 238: 101-107.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.47456

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1400 | views : 2865


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Sain Veteriner

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Sain Veteriner Indexed by


Copyright of JSV (Jurnal Sain Veteriner) ISSN 0126-0421 (print), ISSN 2407-3733 (online).

Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Fauna No.2, Karangmalang, Yogyakarta

Phone: 0274-560862

Fax: 0274-560861

Email: jsv_fkh@ugm.ac.id

HP. 0895363078367

Jurnal Sain Veteriner is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


web stats View My Stats