Hubungan Kepadatan dan dengan Luas Permukiman terhadap Sebaran Demam Berdarah Dengue

https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.60145

Marlena Marlena(1*), Rinidar Rinidar(2), Muhammad Rusdi(3), Farida Farida(4), Teuku Reza Ferasyi(5), Nurliana Nurliana(6)

(1) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh
(2) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh
(3) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh
(4) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh
(5) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh
(6) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Banda aceh which part of the area is a coastal area and lowland, is an endemic area of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). The case of DHF in Banda Aceh is always fluctuating from year to year so it needs to be analyzed the relationship of the environment to the distribution of DHF. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between settlement density and settlement area to the distribution of DHF in Banda Aceh City. This research uses visual interpretation and overlay methods using quantitative descriptive research design. Descriptive research was conducted using a survey method based on a cross-sectional study. The survey was carried out on the density of settlements and was associated with the incidence of DHF spatially. The type of data used is primary data obtained through direct observation using the Global Positioning System (GPS) to see the distribution of DHF and interpretation data of remote sensing images to see patterns of settlement density. While secondary data from the Banda Aceh City Public Works and Spatial Planning Office and the Banda Aceh City Health Office. The number of samples was all DHF sufferers in 2017 totaling 236 people spread in the city of Banda Aceh. Data were analyzed using ArcGIS and processed statistically using Chi-Square. Sparse residential density areas of 46.7% have 3 points of high category DHF cases, areas of medium settlement density of 34.4%
have 7 points of high category DBD cases and areas of densely populated densities of 18.9% have 5 points of high category DBD cases. Statistical test results showed a value of P> 0.05, meaning that there was no relationship between settlement density and the incidence of dengue cases in Banda Aceh City. There is no relationship between the density of settlements with the area of settlements to the distribution of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the city of Banda Aceh.

Keywords


Aedes aegypty; case DHF; Geographic Information System; settlement density

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.60145

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