Dermatosis pada Ruminansia akibat Defisiensi Vitamin C: Ulasan Singkat

Yanuartono Yanuartono(1), Soedarmanto Indarjulianto(2*), Alfarisa Nururrozi(3), Dhasia Ramandani(4), Hary Purnamaningsih(5)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(5) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Vitamin C bersifat esensial untuk mamalia, termasuk manusia, primata, dan marmut, meskipun mamalia lain, seperti ruminansia, babi, kuda, anjing, dan kucing, dapat mensintesis vitamin C dari glukosa di hati. Ruminansia pada dasarnya bergantung pada sintesis endogen karena vitamin C asal pakan sebagian besar dirusak semuanya oleh mikroorganisme rumen. Dengan demikian, ruminansia lebih bergantung vitamin C endogen untuk mencukupi kebutuhan tubuhnya guna memenuhi persyaratan fisiologis dibandingkan dengan hewan lain. Meskipun demikian, ruminansia muda lebih rentan terhadap defisiensi vitamin C karena  biasanya hanya memperoleh diet dengan kandungan vitamin C yang rendah.  Produksi vitamin C endogen pada ruminansia muda dapat mencapai tingkat maksimal setelah umur 16 minggu. Konsentrasi vitamin C pada ruminansia muda yang rendah tersebut  berpotensi menimbulkan dermatosis pada ruminansia muda. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengulas secara singkatnya defisiensi vitamin C yang terkait dengan dermatosis pada ruminansia.


dermatosis; ruminansia; ruminansia muda; vitamin C

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