Distribution record of Musa borneensis var. sarawakensis Becc. and Musa campestris var. sarawakensis Becc. in West Kalimantan, Indonesia


Ari Sunandar(1*), Arif Didik Kurniawan(2)

(1) Biology Education Program, Faculty of Teachers Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak
(2) Biology Education Program, Faculty of Teachers Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak
(*) Corresponding Author


Borneo Island has a large number of wild banana species. As a part of Borneo Island, West Kalimantan has limited information about the diversity of wild bananas. This research aims to update the record distribution of wild bananas from Bonti District of Sanggau Regency and to determine their morphological characteristics. Exploration method and resident information were used in this study. Two species of wild bananas have been identified and considered as new distribution records in West Kalimantan Province, namely-Musa borneensis var. sarawakensis with morphological character pseudostem red-purple colour, sparse black-purple blotches at petiole base, leaf base shape rounded on both sides, male bud red-purple colour and Musa campestris var. sarawakensis with morphological character pseudostem yellow-green colour, inflorescence erect, leaf base one side rounded and one-pointed, the dorsally pink-purple and ventrally pink-purple colour of bract.


Bonti Subdistrict; Musa borneensis var. sarawakensis; Musa campestris var. sarawakensis; Pisang Kera; wild banana

Full Text:



Argent, G., 1976, The wild banana of Papua New Guinea, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35, 77-114.

Argent, G., 2010, A new species of wild banana Musa arfakiana (Musaceae) from Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) of Indonesia, Gard Bull Sing 61(2), 243-248.

Badan Pusat Statistik, 2018, Sanggau Regency in Figures, Sanggau, BPS.

Cheesman, E.E., 1947, Classification of the banana II the genus Musa L, Kew Bull 2, 106-117.

Cheesman, E.E., 1948, Classification of the bananas 3: Critical notes on the species M. balbisiana Colla, Kew Bull 1, 11-17.

Häkkinen, M., 2004a, Musa voonii, a new Musa species from Northren Borneo and Discussion of the Section Callimusa in Borneo, Acta Phytotax Geobot, 55(2), 79-88.

Häkkinen, M., 2004b, Musa campestris Becc. (Musaceae) varieties in Northern Borneo, Folia Malaysiana 5(2), 81-100.

Häkkinen, M. & Meekiong, K., 2005, Musa borneensis Becc. (Musaceae) Borneo and its intraspecifictaxa, Acta Phytotax Geobot, 56(3), 213-230.

Häkkinen, M., 2013, Reapprasial of sectional taxonomy in Musa (Musaceae), Taxon 62(4), 809-813.

Hastuti, Purnomo, Sumardi, I., Daryono, B.S., 2019, Diversity wild banana species (Musa spp.) in Sulawesi, Indonesia, Biodiversitas 20(3), 824-832.

Horrison, M.E., Capilla, B.R., Thornton, S.A., Cattau, M.E., Page, S.E., 2016, Impact of the 2015 fire season on peat-swamp forest biodiversity in Indonesia Borneo’. 15th Int. Peat Congress, Sarawak, Malaysia, 15-19 August 2016.

Hřibová, E., Čížková, N., Christelová, P., Taudien, T., de Langhe, E., Doležel, J., 2011, The ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 sequence region in the Musaceae: Structure, diversity and use in molecular phylogen, Plos ONE 6(3), el17863.

International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, 1996, Description for bananas (Musa spp), Rome, IPGRI.

Li, L., Häkkinen, M., Yuan, Y.M., Hao, G., Ge, X.J., 2010, Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the banana family (Musaceae) inferred from multiple nuclear and chloroplast DNA fragments, with a special reference to the genus Musa, Molec Phylogen Evol 57, 1-10.

Liu, A.Z., Kress, W.J., Li, D.Z., 2010, Phylogenetic analyses of the banana family (Musaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal (ITS) and chloroplast (trnL-F) evidence, Taxon 59, 20-28.

Meijer, W., 1961, Note on wild spesies of Musa from Sumatra, Acta Botanica Neerlandica 10, 248-256.

Nasution, R. & Yamada, I., 2001, Pisang-pisang liar di Indonesia, Bogor, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Biologi LIPI.

Noweg, T., Abdullah, A.R., Nidang, D., 2003, ‘Forest plants as vegetables for communities bordering the crocker range national park’, ASEAN Review of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation (ARBEC). http://www.arbec.com.my/pdf/art3janmar03.pdf

Sulistyaningsih, L.D., Wawo, A.H., 2011, Kajian etnobotani pisang-pisang liar (Musa spp.) di Malinau, Kalimantan Timur, Biosfera 28(1), 43-47.

Sulistyaningsih, L.D., Irawanto, R., 2011, Distribution study of Musa campestris Becc. var. sarawakensis Häkkinen in Raya Pasi Natural Resource Area-West Kalimantan, Berk Penel Hayati 5A, 121-124.

Sulistyaningsih, L.D., Megia, R., Widjaja, E.A., 2014, Two new record of wild bananas (Musa balbisiana and Musa itinerans) from Sulawesi, Makara J Sci 18(1), 1-6.

Sulistyaningsih, L.D., 2016, The diversity of wild banana species (Genus Musa) in Java, Makara J Sci 20(1), 40-48.

Sulistyaningsih, L.D., 2017, A newly described and recorded infraspecific taxa of Musa Borneensis Becc. (Musaceae) from Sulawesi, Indonesia, Reinwardtia 16(1), 19-24.

Sunandar, A., 2017, New record of wild banana (Musa balbisiana Colla) in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, Biodiversitas 18(4), 1324-1330.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.57681

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1890 | views : 2232


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)