The Diversity and Uniqueness of Avifauna in Erek-Erek Geoforest at Ijen Geopark, East Java, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.75639

Arif Mohammad Siddiq(1*), Hari Sulistiyowati(2), Agung Sih Kurnianto(3), Afina Aninnas(4), Samsuri Samsuri(5)

(1) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Jember, Jl. Kalimantan No. 37, Jember, East Java, 68121.
(2) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Jember, Jl. Kalimantan No. 37, Jember, East Java, 68121.
(3) Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jember, Jl. Kalimantan No. 37, Jember, East Java, 68121.
(4) Zoothera bird community, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran, Malang, East Java, 65145
(5) Erek-erek Geoforest Jungle Park, Banyuwangi, East Java, 68454
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Erek-Erek Geoforest (EEG) is one of the Biosites of Ijen Geopark located at the eastern slope of Mount Ijen. This location has unique topography of highland forests restricted by mountain ridges. This topography creates dense vegetation and humid ecosystem supporting microhabitats for endemic birds. This study aims to investigate the diversity and uniqueness of avifauna in EEG based on the existing value of birds. The method used is a point count at three potential station for the presence of birds. The data collected are the bird species, individual number of species, and species existence based on conservation status, distribution, and protection status. Data analysis includes the Shannon Wiener diversity index (H’), Evenness index (E), and existence factor (Ef) of bird community. The results show there are 57 species of birds belonging to 46 genera and 31 families. The diversity of birds in EEG Biosite has a high value (H'=3.40) and also a high evenness value (E=0.84). The Ef value of birds in this area is 51.35, which means the uniqueness value is a medium category. There are three bird species that have the highest Ef value, i.e Arborophila orientalis (Ef=80.00), Pycnonotus bimaculatus (Ef=73.33) and Locustella montis (Ef=73.33). The three species are endemic to Indonesia, especially A. orientalis whose distribution is limited to the highlands of East Java. Based on the composition, diversity, and uniqueness of avifauna in the EEG, it becomes valuable information for the government, Ijen Geopark Manager, and local communities to manage EEG Biosite conservatively by maintaining the existence of avifauna and their habitats.

 


Keywords


Avifauna; Diversity; Erek-Erek Geoforest; Uniqueness

Full Text:

PDF


References

Aditya et al., 2020. The Diversity of Birds and Attractive Birds as Avitourism Objects in Gunung Bromo University Forest, Karanganyar, Central Java. Zoo Indonesia, 29(1), pp.54-66. doi: 10.52508/zi.v29i1.3980.

Aryanti, N., Prabowo, A., Ma’arif, S., 2018. Keragaman Jenis Burung pada Beberapa Penggunaan Lahan di Sekitar kawasan Gunung Argopuro, Probolinggo. Jurnal Biotropika, 6(1), pp.16-20.

Bartolommei, P. et al., 2013. Distribution of nocturnal birds (Strigiformes and Caprimulgidae)in relation to land-use types, extent and configurationin agricultural landscapes of Central Italy. Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei, 24(1), pp.13-21. doi: 10.1007/s12210-012-0211-3.

Bibby, C. et al., 2000. Bird Census Techniques. London: Academic Press.

Birdlife International, 2016, ‘Javan Banded Pitta (Hydrornis guajanus)’, in IUCN Redlist. Viewed from https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22736518/95136596

Caudron, C. et al., 2015. Kawah Ijen volcanic activity: a review. Bull Volcanol, 77(16), pp.1-39. 10.1007/s00445-014-0885-8.

Ekowati, A. et al., 2016. Keanekaragaman Jenis Burung di Kawasan Telaga Warna, Desa Tugu Utara, Cisarua, Bogor. Al-Kauniyah, 9(2), pp.87-94. doi: 10.15408/kauniyah.v9i2.3355.

Geopark Ijen, 2022, ‘Ijen Geopark’ in Ijen Geopark. Viewed from http://geopark-ijen.jatimprov.go.id/beranda.html

Haryono, M. & Pramono, H., 2019. Panduan Identifikasi Jenis Satwa liar Dilindungi. Jakarta: Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan.

Husodo, T. et al., 2020. Avian diversity in geothermal power plant areas: Case studies in Kamojang, Darajat, and Gunung Salak, West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 21(3), pp.1049-1059. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d210327.

Iskandar, J. et al., 2021. Bird diversity and ethno-ornithological knowledge of local people in Ciletuh-Palabuhanratu Geopark, Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 22(8), pp.3409-3422. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d220838.

Jara, R.F. et al., 2020. Nest-site selection and breeding success of passerines in the world’s southernmost forests. PeerJ, 8, e9892. doi: 10.7717/peerj.9892.

Kuuder, C.J.W., Doe, G.A. & Yirbekyaa, E.K., 2015. Ecotourism Potentials of Xavi Bird Watching Sanctuary in Akatsi District of Ghana. Ghana Journal of Development Studies, 10(1-2), pp.81-97. doi: 10.4314/gjds.v10i1-2.5.

Liu, T. et al., 2021. Is Ecological Birdwatching Tourism a More Effective Way to Transform the Value of Ecosystem Services?—A Case Study of Birdwatching Destinations in Mingxi County, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 18, pp.1-17. doi: 10.3390/ijerph182312424.

Ludwig, J.A. & Reynolds, J.F., 1998. Statistical Ecology: A Primer on Methods and Computing. Singapore: John Willey & Sons.

MacKinnon, J. et al., 2010. Seri Panduan Lapangan pengenalan Burung-burung di Sumatera, Jawa, Bali, dan Kalimantan. Bogor: LIPI-Birdlife International.

Madge, S., 2016. Handbook of the Birds of theWorld Alive. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.

Magurran, A., 1988. Ecologycal iversity and Its Measurement. New Jersey: Pricenton University Press.

Martin, T.E., 1995. Avian life history evolution in relation to nest sites, nest predation and food. Ecol. Monogr, 65, pp.101–127.

Moss, S., 2004. A Bird in the Bush: A Social History of Birdwatching. London: Aurum.

Mittermeier, J.C. et al., 2014. An avifaunal survey of three Javan volcanoes- Gn Salak, Gn Slamet and the Ijen highlands. BirdingASIA, 22, pp.91-100.

Mulyana, A., 2005. Inventarisasi Pemetaan Kawasan Rawan Bencana Gunungapi Ijen Jawa Timur. Surabaya: PVMBG.

Nijman, V. et al., 2022. Illegal Wildlife Trade in Traditional Markets, on Instagram and Facebook: Raptors as a Case Study. Birds, 3, pp.99-116. doi: 10.3390/birds3010008.

Poonswad P., 1993. Aspects of The Biology and Ecology of Some Asia Hornbill. Thailand: Mahidol University.

Prawiradilaga, D.M., 2019. Keanekaragaman dan Strategi Konservasi Burung Endemik Indonesia. Jakarta: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia.

Puan, C.L. et al., 2015. Ecological correlations of nocturnal bird assemblages in Malaysian Borneo. Forktail, 31, pp.82-86.

Pujolar, J.M. et al., 2022. The formation of avian montane diversity across barriers and along elevational gradients. Nature Communications, 13(268), pp.1-13. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-27858-5.

Purnamaningrum, A., Bihi, M.K. & Harits, A.R., 2021. Conservation Status of Bird Species on Promasan HikingTrail, Mount Ungaran, Central Java. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 21(3), pp.624-631. doi: 10.29303/jbt.v21i3.2841.

Rahayuningsih et al., 2017. Nest Records of Wreathed Hornbill (Rhyticeros undulates) in Gunung Gentong Station, Mount Ungaran Central Java. J. Phys: Conf.Ser.824012061. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/824/1/012061.

Rheindt, F. & Eaton, J., 2010. Biological species limits in the Banded Pitta Pitta guajana. Forktail, 26, pp.86-91.

Siddiq, F., 2015. Volkanostratigrafi dan petrogenesa Gunung Ijen dan sekitarnya, Kabupaten Banyuwangi, Jawa Timur. Bandung: Institut Teknologi Bandung.

Sitanggang, F.I., Budiman, M.A.K. & Afandy, A., 2020. Bird Diversity: The Potential of Avitourism Reserves for Bird Conservation in Curup Tenang, South Sumatera, Indonesia. Jurnal Biodjati, 5(2), pp.249-258. doi: 10.15575/biodjati.v5i2.9537.

Soegianto, A., 1994. Ekologi Kuantitatif Metode Analisis Populasi Komunitas. Surabaya: Usaha Nasional.

Sukmantoro, W., et al., 2007. Daftar Burung Indonesia No 2. Bogor: Indonesian Ornithologists’ Union.

Sulistiyowati, H., 2008. Status Analysis of Flora from “Cagar Alam-Pulau Sempu”, Malang. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar, 9(1), pp.78-81.

Sulistiyowati, H. & Buot Jr, I.E., 2015. Ecological valuation tools to appraise biomass, necromass and soil organic matter in a natural forest ecosystem. Journal Wetlands Diversity, 6, pp.97-108.

Sumaila, M. et al., 2020. Diversity, Abundance and Distribution of Birds In and Around Kakum National Park in Respect to Habitat Type. Ecology and Sustainable Development, 3(2), pp.23-43. doi: 10.22606/esd.2020.32002.

Sutherland, W.J., 2004. Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques. Oxford: Oxford Scholarship.

Taufiqurrahman, I. et al., 2022. Panduan Lapangan Burung-burung di Indonesia Seri 1: Sunda Besar. Batu: Birdpacker Indonesia-Interlude.

Tim Studi Keunikan Flora dan Fauna UI., 1995. Studi Keunikan Flora dan Fauna di Wilayah Eksplorasi Tambang Emas (DU.353/SULUT) di Taman Nasional Bogani nani Wartabone Sulawesi Utara . Jakarta: Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UI.

Wirakusumah, A.D., Murdohardono, D. & Rosiani D., 2019. Geouturism of Banyuputih Cathcment Area, Moun Ijen, East Java, Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1-8. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1363/1/012012.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.75639

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2506 | views : 1078

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)