Counteraction to The Laundering of Funds Produced by Crime in The XXI Century: Lessons Learned for Kazakhstan



Ermek Sokurova(1*), Alisher Kadyrbekov(2)

(1) Maqsut Narikbayev University (KAZGUU)
(2) Maqsut Narikbayev University (KAZGUU)
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


In this article, the authors, based on the practice of Kazakhstan, consider the principles and mechanisms for counteracting the legalization of proceeds from crime. A criminological vision of the prospects in the field of combating crimes related to the legalization of proceeds from crime is formulated. The author's criminological concepts "criminal entrepreneur" and "unscrupulous official" are given. It also provides schemes for laundering money obtained by criminal means in the private sphere and with the participation of government officials. The authors of the article proposed working methods for investigating crimes committed using blockchain technologies, based on expert opinions in the field of investigating crimes in the cryptocurrency market.


Keywords


Shadow economy, counteraction to the legalization of illegally obtained funds, Kazakhstan, criminal law, criminology, money laundering

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