Pekerja Muda dan Ancaman Deskilling-Skill Trap di Sektor Transportasi Berbasis Daring

Dian Fatmawati(1), Falikul Isbah(2), Amelinda Pandu Kusumaningtyas(3*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Youth Studies Centre
(*) Corresponding Author


Many internet technological discoveries have shaped many aspects of human life, including economic transaction for goods and services. Online-based transportation service is one form of digital economies, which was born out of the current progress of internet applications integrated to smartphones. Motorcycle ride-sharing has been existing in Indonesia from a long time ago, but it becomes much more popular after being offered through internet apps on smartphones. This Article base on mixed-methods research by using survey and in-depth interview as collecting data technically. Based on research on the workers of Go-Jek online-based transportation service in three cities (Jakarta, Yogyakarta, and Banyuwangi), founded that this job has absorbed a very large number of workers, and the majority of them are young workers. The new things in this job are its job design is fully based on the usage of the algorithm, namely in communicating, supervising, rewarding, and punishing the workers. This affects the job process which provides an ultimate authority to the company to make any decision over the workers. Lastly, we especially analysis the process of deskilling and skill trap in which the young workers do not have an opportunity to get the rank promotion, career mobility, and income up-grading. Considering they are still young and have a very long productive age, this issue is urgent to study further by policymakers in the employment sector. 




young worker; digital economy; online-based transportation; Go-Jek; deskilling-skill trap

Full Text:



Akst, Daniel. 2013. “Automation Anxiety: Where Have All the Jobs Gone?” The Wilson Quarterly, 37(3), pp. 60-74.

Anon. n.d. “GO-JEK Makes It Into Fortune's Change The World List, The Only Company from Southeast Asia on the List | Markets Insider.” Business Insider. Retrieved January 7, 2019 (

Brynjolfsson, Erik and Andrew McAfee. 2018. The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies. Vancouver, B.C.: Langara College.

Chan, Ngai Keung. 2019. “The Rating Game: The Discipline of Uber’s User-Generated Ratings”. Surveillance & Society, 17(1/2), pp. 183-190.

Cox, Rosie. 2005. The Servant Problem: Paid Domestic Work In A Global Economy. London: I.B Tauris.

Cuban, Sondra. 2013. Deskilling Migrant Women in the Global Care Industry. Palgrave Macmillan.

De Stefano, Valentino. 2015. “‘The Rise of the ‘Just-in-Time Workforce’: On-Demand Work, Crowdwork and Labour Protection in the ‘Gig-Economy.’’” HeinOnline. Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

Fanggidae, Victoria, et al. 2016. “On-Demand Transportation Workers In Indonesia”. In Transformation in Technology, Transformations in Work, pp. 16-45.

Flanagan, F. 2017. “Symposium on work in the ‘gig’ economy: Introduction”. The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 28(3), pp. 378-381.

Malit Jr, Froilan T. and Tchiapep Oliver. 2013. “Labor Migration and Deskilling in the United Arab Emirates: Impacts on Cameroonian Labor Migrants.” DigitalCommons@ILR. Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

Frost, Jimmy. 2017. “Uber and The Gig Economy: Can The Legal World Keep Up?”. Scitech Lawyer; Chicago Vol. 13, Iss.2 (Winter 2017): 4-7.

Hanoteau, Julien and Virginie Vial. 2019. “'Making Indonesia 4.0' and Supporting Digital Startups Is Good, but What about the Small Low-Tech Entrepreneurs?” The Conversation. Retrieved January 7, 2019 (

Heisig, Ulrich. n.d. “The Deskilling and Upskilling Debate.” Pp. 1639–1651 in International Handbook Of Education For The Changing World Of Work. Edited by Rupert Maclean and David N. Wilson. Dordrecht: Springer.

Greenhouse, Steven. 2016. “On Demand, and Demanding Their Rights.” Members-Only Library. Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

ILO. 2017. Laporan Keternagakerjaan Indonesia 2017: memanfaatkan Teknologi untuk Pertumbuhan dan Penciptaan Lapangan Kerja/ Organisasi Perburuhan Internasional. Kantor Jakarta: ILO.

Kemp, Simon. 2017. “Tech in Asia - Connecting Asia's Startup Ecosystem”. Tech in Asia. Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

Maftuchan, Ah et al. 2018. Pengemudi Ojek Daring dan Kerja Layak. Jakarta: Prakarsa

Nistanto, Reska K. 2017. “Berapa Jumlah Pengguna Dan Pengemudi Go-Jek?” Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

Possen, Hannah A. 2015. “Ridesharing in the Sharing Economy: Should Regulators Impose Uber Regulations on Uber?” HeinOnline. Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

Prassl, Jeremias. 2018. Humans as a Service: the Promise and Perils of Work in the Gig Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pratama, Aditya Hadi. 2017. “Tech in Asia Indonesia - Komunitas Online Startup Di Asia”. Tech in Asia. Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

Sewell, Graham and Barry Wilkinson. 1992. “Someone to Watch Over Me': Surveillance, Discipline and the Just-in-Time Labour Process.” Sociology, 26(2), pp. 271–289.

Snower and Dennis J. 2006. “The Low-Skill, Bad-Job Trap.” SSRN. Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

Suraj, Shah. n.d. “The Gig Economy and Skills Traps in Indonesia.” The Jakarta Post. Retrieved May 27, 2019 (

Stewart, Andrew and Jim Stanford. 2017. “Regulating Work in the Gig Economy: What Are the Options?.” The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 28(3), pp. 420–37.

Tashakkori, Abbas and Charles Teddlie, eds. 2010. Sage Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social & Behavioral Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publisher. n.d. “Ekonomi Digital Di Indonesia: Raksasa Asia Tenggara?” TEMPO.CO INVESTIGASI. Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

Tobing, Timothy K. L. 2017. “Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Konsumen Transportasi Berbasis Aplikasi Menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2008.” Lex Crimen, 6(5), pp. 120–127.

Wilson, Rob and Terence Hogarth, eds. 2003. Tackling the Low Skills Equilibrium: A Review of Issues and Some New Evidence. rep. University of Warwick. Retrieved April 5, 2019 (

Wilson, Bill. 2017. “What Is the 'Gig' Economy?” BBC News. Retrieved March 26, 2019 (


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 5085 | views : 6433


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Studi Pemuda

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


   Jurnal Studi Pemuda (Online ISSN 2527-3639Print ISSN 2252-9020)  is published by the Youth Studies Centre in collaboration with Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada.  


View My Stats