The Influences of the Puritan’s Teaching on Young Goodman in Hawthorne’s Young Goodman Brown

https://doi.org/10.22146/lexicon.v5i1.41225

Theresia Juwita Purnama(1*), Eddy Pursubaryanto(2)

(1) English Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) English Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This research attempts to investigate the Puritan’s teachings in Hawthorne’s Young Goodman Brown and the influences of the teachings toward Young Goodman Brown. Formalism was used in this research to analyze the novel. The results of the research show that the Puritan’s teaching of total depravity taught by John Calvin appears in most of the scenes involving Goodman Brown, both explicitly and implicitly. The Puritan’s teaching of total depravity influences Goodman Brown’s thought of people around him. His way of thinking about people around him changed after he returned from the forest. The Puritan’s teaching of total depravity also changes Goodman Brown’s personality indirectly. So, according to the influences of the teachings towards Goodman Brown, they are accepted by Goodman Brown as an invitation to doubt himself and others, to be suspicious of other people’s activities, which eventually leads to an unhappy ending.

Keywords


Puritan; influence; total depravity; change

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References

Abrams, M.H. (1999). A Glossary of Literary Terms. 7th Edition. USA: Earl McPeek.

Hawthorne, N. (1999). Mosses from an Old Manse. Adobe PDF Formatting by J. M. Esch. United States: Orange Street Press. https://sparks.eserver.org/files/imported/books/oldmanse.pdf. Accessed 30 Oct. 2014.

Hill, Tiffany. (2013) Puritan Superstitions. https://prezi.com/taznxvc3yj0w/puritan-superstitions/. Accessed 7 Oct. 2016.

Klarer, M. An Introduction to Literary Studies (2nd ed). London: Routledge.

McCabe, M. E. (1998). The Consequences of Puritan Depravity and Distrust as Historical Context for Hawthorne's “Young Goodman Brown”. http://itech.fgcu.edu/faculty/wohlpart/alra/hawthorne.htm#INSERT 1. Accessed 8 Sept. 2014.

Wright, S. B. (2007). Critical Companion to Nathaniel Hawthorne: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work. New York: Facts on File.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/lexicon.v5i1.41225

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Copyright (c) 2018 Theresia Juwita Purnama, Eddy Pursubaryanto

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