Kajian Foto Udara dan Sistem Informasi Geografis untuk Pemetaan Kondisi Peresapan Air Sub DAS Wedi Kabupaten Klaten, Jawa Tengah


Agus Anggoro Sigit(1*), Dulbahri Dulbahri(2), Suyono Suyono(3)

(1) Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Muhamdiayah Surakarta, Surakarta
(2) Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


ABSTRACT The study was conducted in Klaten Regency at Wedi Sub Watershed, part of Dengkeng Watershed. The study aimed to: 1) study the interpretation accuracy of black and white Panchromatic Aerial Photograph scaling 1: 50.000 in identifying the soil factor, slope, landuse, vegetation density, and land conversation, related to the influences  toward  water  infiltration  condition  in  the  research  area;  2)  make  the zonation  of  infiltration  capability  and  water  infiltration  condition  based  on  land factors  the  result  of  aerial  photograph  interpretation;  and  3)  study  the  spatial distribution pattern of water infiltration condition in the research area and analyze to the distribution according to spatial. The research method used aerial photograph interpretation with supported by limited survey for field test, by sampling method was stratified sampling. The method of analysis applied spatial analysis by using Geographical Information System (GIS). The result of the study showed that: 1) the level of aerial photograph accuracy for  interpreting  determinate  factors  of  water  infiltration  in  the  research  area  is acceptable each with the accuracy level of: slope 89.47%; soil texture 82.14%; land use 90.16%; vegetation density 88.89%; and land conservation 80.88%. It mean that although the accuracy level achieved had not been included in very good category, the aerial photograph still can be used in this study; 2) the condition of water infiltration in the research area tended to be relative still good,  indicated by the of the land unit in status of ‘critical’ in the width no more than 25% (30.496 km2). The land unit in status of ‘begin to be rather critical’ in the width of 55.692 km2 or 50.97 %; while the remaining 3.154 km2 or 20.62% was in the status of ‘natural normal’ and 22.544 km2 or 20.62% had ‘good’ status; 3) In the research area, the space of land units with the condition of good infiltration had no spatial relevance to the space of land units and the great infiltration capability.


aerial photograph; geographical information system; infiltration capability; water infiltration condition

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.13343

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 164/E/KPT/2021

Volume 35 No 2 the Year 2021 for Volume 40 No 1 the Year 2025

ISSN  0215-1790 (print) ISSN 2540-945X  (online)


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