Hans-Dieter Evers(1*)

(1) Bielefeld University
(*) Corresponding Author


Off-farm employment and non-agriculture activities have grown rapidly in the rural areas of Java due mainly to the increasing number of female workers employed in small-scale trade. Based on a through discussion on various definitions and hypotheses on the growths of trade and off-farm employment, it could be assumed that the growth of the small-scale traders does not signify that some stagnation of economy or an agricultural involution would take place, but that there will be a significant step in the transformation process on the part of the Javanese farming community as well as on the future economic development.


kemiskinan, desa miskin, analisis desa miskin, populasi, pertanian off-farm

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