PERUBAHAN KESEMPATAN KERJA PEREMPUAN DI JAWA - BALI 1980 - 2003

https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.11901

Tukiran Tukiran(1*)

(1) Gadjah Mada University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


When Total Fertility Rate is getting lower, some even reach below the replacement level, the opportunity for women to enter the labor market is getting bigger. They are well educated so it is natural that labor participation rate is increasing too. But on the contrary, the employment opportunities is limited and caused a part of them to become an open unemployment and underemployment. Por those who already work, most of them work in non- agricultural sectors as half skilled manpower in other sectors. por the last 25 years, there has been a change in labor market for women, but there is still a wage gap between men and women for the same job.


Keywords


ketenagakerjaan, gender, partisipasi perempuan, upah, jawa-bali, 1980-2003

Full Text:

PDF


References

Ananta, Aris dan Sri Harijanti Hatmadji (ed). 1985. Mutu Modal Manusia. Jakarta: Lembaga Demografi Fakultas Ekonomi Indonesia.

BPS. 1982. Survai Angkatan Kerja Nasional 1980. Jakarta.

BPS. 2001. Estimasi pertilitas, Mortalitas dan Migrasi. Jakarta

BPS. 2004. Survai Angkatan Kerja Nasional. Jakarta.

BPS. 2001. National Human Developmen Report: Toward A New Concensus.

Jakarta: Kerja sama Bappenas dan UNDP.

BPS. 2004. National Human Development Report: The Economic of Democracy. Jakarta: Kerja sama Bappenas dan UNDP.

BPS. 2003. Survai Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia. Jakarta: Kerja sama dengan BKKBN, Dep. Kesehatan dan MACRO Inc.

BAPPENAS. 2003. Prioritas Pembangunan Nasional 2005-2009. Jakarta.

Bongaarts. 1999. The pertility Impact of Changes in the Timing of Childbearing in the Developing World. New York: The Population Council.

Government of Indonesia. 2004. Indonesia Progress Report on The Millenium Development Goals.

Standing, Guy. 1978. Labour porce Participation and Development.Geneva: ILO.

International Labour Office: 1994. Survey of Economically Active Population, Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment. Geneva.

Suroto. 1992. StrategiPembangunan dan Perencanaan Kesempatan Kerja. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Widianto, Bambang. 2004. pleksibilitas Pasar Kerja di Indonesia. Jakarta: Lembaga Penelitian Unika Atma Jaya.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.11901

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 385 | views : 489

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Populasi




Copyright of Jurnal Populasi ISSN 0853-6202 (PRINT), ISSN: 2476-941X (ONLINE).


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Populasi Indexed by:

ROAD

web
analytics View My Stats